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Election 1796


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Election 1796

  1. 1. Political Parties Emerge
  2. 2. Federalists vs. Democratic Republicans
  3. 3. Election 1796 <ul><li>Federalist nominated John Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans nominated Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Adams won the election with 71 votes to 68 for Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>At this time person with second highest number of votes became VP </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pres. John Adams <ul><li>Spent most of his life in public service </li></ul><ul><li>When he took office dispute w/ France was ongoing </li></ul>
  5. 5. XYZ Affair <ul><li>French viewed Jay’s Treaty, as US helping Britain </li></ul><ul><li>French began to seize cargo ships </li></ul><ul><li>Adams wanted to avoid war </li></ul><ul><li>He sent men to try and resolve conflict </li></ul><ul><li>French foreign minister Charles de Talleyrand refused to meet with Americans </li></ul>
  6. 6. XYZ Affair <ul><li>Talleyrand sent three French agents that demanded money </li></ul><ul><li>Adams was furious and called the agents XYZ </li></ul><ul><li>Urged Congress to Prepare for War </li></ul>
  7. 7. Problems with France <ul><li>Congress established Navy Department & increased size of Army </li></ul><ul><li>For 2 years France and American naval vessels clashed </li></ul><ul><li>Peace agreement in 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>France had become American enemy </li></ul>
  8. 8. Alien and Sedition Acts <ul><li>Americans were suspicious of aliens </li></ul><ul><li>1798 Alien and Sedition Acts were passed, they were a strict group of measures on immigrants and aliens </li></ul><ul><li>Pg. 271 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 & 1799 <ul><li>They said that Alien and Sedition Acts violated the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Trying to protect individual rights </li></ul>