Early European Explorers


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Early European Explorers

  1. 1. Early European Explorers The accidental discovery Creating America Chapter 1 pg. 49 - 53
  2. 2. Prince Henry The Navigator <ul><li>* Navigator - Plans the course of a ship by using instruments to find its position </li></ul>* Began a school of navigation and developed a ship called the caravel. Caravels were broad-beamed ships that had 2 or 3 masts with square sails and a triangular sail that could sail into the wind. They were up to about 65 feet long and could carry roughly 130 tons of cargo. * Organized and paid for sailing expedition to explore the Atlantic Ocean and the African coast * Those voyages began “The Age of Exploration”
  3. 3. Portuguese Exploration <ul><li>* Bartolomeu Dias , first to sail around the tip of Africa (Cape of Good Hope) </li></ul>* Vasco da Gama first to sail around Africa and to India, finding an all water route to Asia    * Portugal takes over all water route spice trade, other countries begin searching for an all water route
  4. 4. Christopher Columbus <ul><li>* Thought sailing west to reach Asia would be shorter than sailing around Africa </li></ul>* Portugal opposed his plan – they thought his calculations were wrong * Portugal lost interest in his plan with the rounding of the tip of Africa * He was forced to go to Spain to seek a sponsor * Spain was opposed to his plan – they thought his calculations were wrong too
  5. 5. Columbus and Spain <ul><li>* What was wrong with his plan? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He thought Asia was larger than it really was </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He thought the earth was smaller than it really was (particularly the Atlantic Ocean) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>* Spain eventually agreed to finance the trip (gold, glory, god) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted a share of the spice trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to spread Christianity </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Columbus’ Voyages <ul><li>* Columbus assembled three ships, the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria  and stocked enough supplies to last a year  </li></ul>* Within a ten weeks, there was talk of turning around, two days later, land was sighted * Columbus landed on an island in the Caribbean Sea, yet he believed he had reached the Indies (called the natives Indians) * Visited several islands before he found some gold and pearls before returning to Spain convinced he had a new water route to Asia * He made three more voyages to the Americas and died thinking he had found a new route to Asia
  7. 7. His First Journey