US Power Grid Vs. Smart Grid

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US Power Grid Vs. Smart Grid

  1. 1. November 16, 2009<br />U.S. Power Grid vs. Smart Grid<br />IST 220 - The Red Team<br />JoshWentz, Kim Klinikowski,Christopher Alvarado, <br />Marco DeLeonardis, BrendanJann, & Jon Vettori<br />
  2. 2. U.S. Power Grid<br />[http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1891562,00.html]<br />
  3. 3. How the power grid works<br />[http://www.ferc.gov/industries/electric/indus-act/blackout/09-06-final-report.pdf]<br />
  4. 4. How the smart grid works<br />[http://www.ngpowereu.com/news/smart-grid-revolution/]<br />
  5. 5. How the smart grid works<br />[http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080730/images/454570a-6.jpg]<br />
  6. 6. Have any attacks been done to the U.S. power grid?<br />Recent reports that federal authorities had detected signs that hackers had penetrated the computer systems that control the power grid<br />LIKELY FROM Russia and China <br />Both countries with militaries known to be pursuing cyberwarfarecapabilities<br />UNCLEAR when these intrusions had taken place <br />CLEAR that they had left a software signature<br />[http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1891562,00.html]<br />
  7. 7. Is it true that no national power grid anywhere in the world has been brought down by a cyberattack?<br />FACT: No national power grid anywhere in the world has been brought down by a cyberattack<br />Most countries have much fewer defenses from cyberattacks than the U.S. &quot;<br />It&apos;s virtually impossible to bring down the entire North American grid,&quot; says Major General (Rtd) Dale Meyerrose, a cybersecurity expert who recently retired as chief information officer for the Director of National Intelligence. <br />The electricity-distribution system is highly decentralized, and there&apos;s no central control <br />BUT: This is not to suggest that the power grid cannot be hacked into<br />In 2007, CNN reported that researchers working for the Department of Energy had mounted an experimental cyberattack against a power generator and were able to get it to self-destruct. <br />Details of the experiment were kept from the public at the request of the Department of Homeland Security.<br />[http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1891562,00.html]<br />
  8. 8. How vulnerable is existing U.S. power grid?<br />EXISTING POWER GRID<br />Highly decentralized & no central control<br />Deals with breakdowns all the time & the industry knows how to fix them <br />On any given day, 500,000 Americans experience an outage, says ArshadMansoor of the Electric Power Research Institute, which is funded by the utility industry<br />The grid has built-in redundancies and manual overrides that allow for restoration of supply <br />Damage done to the power supply can be undone <br />If a section of the power grid goes down, they start it up again<br />EX: &quot;In the banking system, if someone hacks the system and steals information about 500,000 credit cards, it&apos;s incredibly tough to undo that damage,&quot; says Mansoor. “<br />Most critical power users have multiple contingencies for uninterrupted power supply and backup generation<br />In the event of a cyberattack on the grid, they would be able to operate for long periods — days, weeks and, in some cases, indefinitely — without much difficulty.<br />EX: the military, hospitals, the banking system, phone networks, Google&apos;s server farms <br />PROBLEM<br />An aging electric infrastructure that has not had major technological advancement in a nearly a half century<br />The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) projects a 40% increase in electric demand over the next 20 years that will cost utilities a projected $3 trillion<br />[http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1891562,00.html]<br />
  9. 9. How vulnerable will the future U.S. power grid “The Smart Grid” be?<br />FUTURE POWER GRID<br />GridWisewas born, an initiative created under the DOE Office of Electricity and Energy Reliability<br />FOCUS: To stimulate the development and adoption of an intelligent energy system, or smart grid, to make the U.S. electric system more reliable and efficient<br />There are already 2 million smart meters in use in the U.S.<br />Obama Administration&apos;s 2010 budget includes $4.5 billion in spending on such technology<br />FEAR OF SOME<br />Relies even more on computer networks to allow both utilities and individual consumers to monitor and reduce power usage.<br />these meters may allow hackers access to the grid&apos;s control systems<br />BENEFIT OF OTHERS<br />The use of more-sophisticated monitoring systems makes the grid safer<br />[http://contractingbusiness.com/awards/design/smart-people-smart-grid-1009/index.html]<br />
  10. 10. Group Reaction<br />IN RESPONSE TO<br />“US Major General (Meyerrose), Researcher at Electric Power Research Institute (Mansoor), and other experts agree that the utility industry&apos;s vulnerability will grow as its command-and-control systems rely ever more on computer networks”<br />The Vision of the future power grid “the smart grid” DOES pose additional challenges BUT NOT vulnerabilities <br />Today, security of information is of utmost importance to both the government and to companies<br />Systems that house and transfer this information rely on secure computer networks<br />Creating new means of power security is a challenge that must be overcome<br />POLITICAL HOPE<br />Introduction of a new bill, by Senators Jay Rockefeller and Olympia Snowe, to impose cybersecurity standards on private industry — regulations that would likely affect the utilities and other vital infrastructure<br />HOPE OF NEXT GENERATION<br />Entire majors have been created – security risk analysis – to prepare the next generation of professionals<br />
  11. 11. Group Reaction<br />IN REPONSE TO<br />The fears of the future power grid “the smart grid”<br /> <br />The advancement of new ways to create an intelligent energy system should not be hindered by the fears of attack<br />Smart grid technology will involve information technology in order for both companies & consumers to monitor energy use<br />Visualizing where problems exist will allow companies & people to change energy consumptive behaviors<br />The benefits of the future power grid will outweigh the security challenges of its infrastructure<br />
  12. 12. Bibliography<br />http://www.ferc.gov/industries/electric/indus-act/blackout/09-06-final-report.pdf Page 13 Title:&quot;Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada&quot; Dated April 2004. Accessed on 2008-12-26<br />http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1891562,00.html<br />http://contractingbusiness.com/awards/design/smart-people-smart-grid-1009/index.html<br />http://www.ngpowereu.com/news/smart-grid-revolution/<br />http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080730/images/454570a-6.jpg<br />
  13. 13. Questions?<br />IST 220 - The Red Team<br />Kim Klinikowski, JoshWentz, Christopher Alvarado, <br />Marco DeLeonardis, BrendanJann, & Jon Vettori<br />

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