Add and adhd

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Add and adhd

  1. 1. Adaptations, Strategies, and Considerations when dealing with Students that have ADD or ADHD
  2. 2. <ul><li>Full Name: Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>This is known as a neurobiological disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>It is characterized by: </li></ul><ul><li>developmentally inappropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Impulsivity </li></ul><ul><li>Inattention </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperactivity </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>AD/HD - Primarily Inattentive Type: •  Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes. • Has difficulty sustaining attention. • Does not appear to listen. • Struggles to follow through on instructions. • Has difficulty with organization. • Avoids or dislikes tasks requiring sustained mental effort. • Is easily distracted. • Is forgetful in daily activities. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>AD/HD - Primarily Hyperactive/Impulsive Type: • Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in chair. • Has difficulty remaining seated. • Runs around or climbs excessively. • Has difficulty engaging in activities quietly. • Acts as if driven by a motor. • Talks excessively. • Blurts out answers before questions have been completed. • Has difficulty waiting or taking turns. • Interrupts or intrudes upon others. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>AD/HD - Combined Type: • Meets both inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive criteria. </li></ul><ul><li>Because everyone shows signs of these behaviors at one time or another, the guidelines for determining whether a person has AD/HD are very specific. In children, the symptoms must be more frequent or severe than in other children of the same age. In adults, the symptoms must be present since childhood and affect one’s ability to function in daily life. These behaviors must create significant difficulty in at least two areas of life, such as home, social settings, school, or work. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>A comprehensive treatment plan for children with ADHD includes: </li></ul><ul><li>counseling </li></ul><ul><li>behavior management </li></ul><ul><li>educational modifications </li></ul><ul><li>Medications (in cases where these approaches do not work) </li></ul><ul><li>The best educational programs for students </li></ul><ul><li>with ADHD are based on structure, stimulation, </li></ul><ul><li>and individualization. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Seat Students near a good role model or a “study buddy”. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives these students extra time to complete their assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>Shorten assignments or work periods with span of attention. </li></ul><ul><li>Supervise closely during transition times between subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide reassurance and encouragement. </li></ul><ul><li>Look for opportunities for student to display leadership role in class to give them a sense of confidence. </li></ul><ul><li>Conference with parents. </li></ul><ul><li>Send positive notes home for encouragement. </li></ul><ul><li>Make time to talk alone with student. </li></ul>

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