Observation And Inferences Powerpoint

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Observation And Inferences Powerpoint

  1. 1. Observation vs. Inference
  2. 2. What is an observation? <ul><li>A. When you observe, you become aware of something using one of your senses. Your five senses are smell, taste, sight, touch, and sound. I an observation you simply describe something as it appears. An observation is a statement describing a fact. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Observation <ul><li>In the space below, record 5 observations about your science classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>1. </li></ul><ul><li>2. </li></ul><ul><li>3. </li></ul><ul><li>4. </li></ul><ul><li>5. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Quantitative Observation <ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative observation: (quantity) How many. Will always have a number. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Based on exact measurement. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The room is 8 meters across. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sarah is 141-cm tall. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sam weighs 450 Newtons </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Qualitative Observation <ul><li>B. Sometimes scientists must make very careful observations. Often their senses are not good enough. There are some things that cannot be observed using just your senses. (Examples: radiation, sound waves, planets, cells, etc.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Can you think of ways that scientists have solved this problem? How can scientists extend their senses? </li></ul>Microscopes, Telescopes, satellites, etc.
  7. 7. What is an inference? <ul><li>A. When you infer, you make a mental judgment based on observations. Inferences cannot be directly observed. They require thought. For example, if you get up in the morning, look up at the sky and observe dark clouds, observe the air is cool and humid, and observe puddles on the ground, you might infer that it has recently rained. Note: you did not see rain; you decided that it rained based on your observations. An inference is a statement based on your interpretation of the facts. </li></ul>
  8. 8. List 3 inferences about the classroom <ul><li>1. </li></ul><ul><li>2. </li></ul><ul><li>3. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Examples <ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>That plant is extremely wilted. </li></ul><ul><li>The car stopped running </li></ul><ul><li>The Sox are leading there division </li></ul><ul><li>Inferences </li></ul><ul><li>That plant is extremely wilted due to a lack of water. </li></ul><ul><li>The car stooped running because it was out of gas. </li></ul><ul><li>The sox are leading there division because they are playing well right now. </li></ul>
  10. 10. More examples
  11. 11. What observations can we make from these pictures?

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