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China Section 4


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China Section 4

  1. 1. Section 4 China’s Neighbors
  2. 2. Mongolia <ul><li>Capital: Ulaanbaatar </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 2,832,224 </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues: limited natural fresh water resources, the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: oil, coal, copper </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mongolia <ul><li>Lies between China and Russia </li></ul><ul><li>More than twice the size of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Was home to the Asian people known as the Mongols (formed an large empire) </li></ul><ul><li>Empire- is a collection of territories under one ruler </li></ul><ul><li>The empire stretched from China to Eastern Europe </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Land <ul><li>Rugged mountains and high plateuas </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast- has river basins </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures are either very cold or very hot (no mild temperatures) </li></ul><ul><li>Receives very little rain </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Economy <ul><li>Relies on the raising of livestock </li></ul><ul><li>Known for raising and riding horses </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers grow wheat, barley, and oats </li></ul>
  6. 6. The People <ul><li>57% live in urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>Very few follow the nomadic ways of their ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>Follow a form of Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Was Communist from 1924-1990 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Taiwan <ul><li>Capital: Taipei </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 23,036,087 </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues: air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone </li></ul>
  8. 8. Taiwan <ul><li>Island country about 100 miles off the southeast coast of China </li></ul><ul><li>Governed separately from the China government </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Land <ul><li>Thick forested mountains (center) </li></ul><ul><li>Flat plain (western coast) home to most of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humid subtropical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mild winters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot and rainy summers </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Economy <ul><li>One of the world’s most prosperous economies </li></ul><ul><li>High-technology industries- produce computers and other kinds of electronic equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains limit farmland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers terrace hills to grow rice </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The People <ul><li>75% live in urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>Very modern country </li></ul><ul><li>Follows Chinese traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism is the leading religion </li></ul>
  12. 12. Hong Kong and Macao <ul><li>Was ruled by the United Kingdom until 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Macao was ruled by Portugal until 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has natural harbors which makes it one of the busiest ports and a major center for business and trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most people live in the city in high-rise apartments </li></ul></ul>