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China Section 1


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China Section 1

  1. 1. Chapter 23 Section 1 China
  2. 2. China <ul><li>Capital: Beijing </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 1,313,973,713 </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues: air pollution, water shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas </li></ul>
  3. 3. People’s Republic of China <ul><li>Covers – 3,600,930 square miles </li></ul><ul><li>4th largest country in the world (behind Canada, Russia, United States) </li></ul>
  4. 5. Mountains
  5. 6. Geography Features <ul><li>Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Cover 1/3 of China </li></ul><ul><li>Can be found in western China and along the southern border with Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Has the largest plateau in the world </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Plateau of Tibet <ul><li>Called the “Roof of the World” </li></ul><ul><li>Averages above 13,000 feet above sea level </li></ul><ul><li>Has shrubs and grasses cover the country side </li></ul><ul><li>Home to Pandas and other rare animals </li></ul>
  7. 8. Deserts <ul><li>Taklmakan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolated area of China that has some of the highest temperatures in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sandstorms may last several days and create large sand dunes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gobi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in Northeastern China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made up of rock and gravel instead of sand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are extreme temperature ranges in this region </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Plains and Highlands <ul><li>Plains can be found along the coast of the North and South China’s Seas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fertile fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home to 90% of China’s population </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Rivers
  10. 11. <ul><li>Huang He River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also know as the Yellow River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese call this river “China’s Sorrow” because the flooding of this river has cost thousands of people their lives and has caused a lot of property damage. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Chang Jiang River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To help Control flooding – China has begun construction of the largest dam in the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called the Three Gorges Dam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will provide electricity for industries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Xi River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in southern China </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Climates <ul><li>Similar to the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Has a wide variety of climate areas </li></ul><ul><li>Location, elevation, and wind currents affect climate </li></ul><ul><li>Monsoons greatly affect climate </li></ul><ul><li>Monsoons create typhoons in coastal areas. </li></ul>