Animal Farm Introduction

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Animal Farm Introduction

  1. 1. Literature and History
  2. 2. George Orwell <ul><li>British author famous for writing about politics in the 20 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>1903-1950 </li></ul><ul><li>His most famous works are Animal Farm and 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>He coined the term Big Brother </li></ul>
  3. 3. Animal Farm <ul><li>Mr. Jones </li></ul><ul><li>Irresponsible to his animals (lets them starve) </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes cruel-beats them with whip </li></ul>
  4. 4. Russian Revolution <ul><li>Nicholas II </li></ul><ul><li>A poor leader </li></ul><ul><li>Cruel – sometimes brutal with opponents </li></ul>
  5. 5. Animal Farm <ul><li>Old Major </li></ul><ul><li>Taught Animalism </li></ul><ul><li>Workers do the work, rich keep the money, animals revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Dies before the Revolution takes place </li></ul>
  6. 6. Russian Revolution <ul><li>Karl Marx </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology of Communism </li></ul><ul><li>“ Workers of the world unite”, take over the government </li></ul>
  7. 7. Animal Farm <ul><li>Animalism </li></ul><ul><li>No owners, no rich, but no poor </li></ul><ul><li>Workers get a better life, all animals are equal </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone owns the farm </li></ul>
  8. 8. Russian Revolution <ul><li>Communism </li></ul><ul><li>All people are equal </li></ul><ul><li>Government owns everything, people own the government </li></ul>
  9. 9. Animal Farm <ul><li>Snowball </li></ul><ul><li>Young, smart, good speaker, idealistic </li></ul><ul><li>Really wants to make life better for all </li></ul><ul><li>One of the leaders of the Revolution </li></ul>
  10. 10. Russian Revolution <ul><li>Leon Trotsky </li></ul><ul><li>Leader “October Revolution” </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual and ardent communist, </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to improve life for all in Russia </li></ul>
  11. 11. Animal Farm <ul><li>Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>Not a good speaker, not as clever as Snowball </li></ul><ul><li>Cruel, brutal, selfish, devious, corrupt </li></ul><ul><li>His ambition is for power, killed opponents </li></ul><ul><li>Used dog, Moses, and Squealer to control the animals </li></ul>
  12. 12. Russian Revolution <ul><li>Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>Limited education </li></ul><ul><li>Same as Napoleon, didn’t follow Marx’s ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Cared only for power </li></ul><ul><li>Used KGB to remove enemies </li></ul>
  13. 13. Animal Farm <ul><li>The Dogs </li></ul><ul><li>A private army that used fear to force animals to work </li></ul><ul><li>Killed or intimidated any opponent of Napoleon </li></ul><ul><li>Another part of Napoleon’s strategy to control the animals </li></ul>
  14. 14. Russian Revolution <ul><li>KGB – Secret Police </li></ul><ul><li>Used force, often killed entire families for disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>Totally loyal to Lenin then Stalin </li></ul>
  15. 15. Animal Farm <ul><li>Boxer </li></ul><ul><li>Strong, hard working horse, believes in Animal Farm </li></ul><ul><li>“ Napoleon is always right” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I must work harder” </li></ul><ul><li>Gives his all, is betrayed by Napoleon who sells him </li></ul>
  16. 16. Russian Revolution <ul><li>People believed Stalin because he was “Communist” </li></ul><ul><li>Many stayed loyal after if was obvious that Stalin was a tyrant </li></ul><ul><li>Betrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them </li></ul>
  17. 17. Animal Farm <ul><li>Benjamin </li></ul><ul><li>Old, wise donkey who is suspicious of revolution and understands that the commandants were changed by the pigs </li></ul>
  18. 18. Russian and World Opinion World <ul><li>Many weren’t sure revolution would change anything </li></ul><ul><li>Realized that a evil leader could claim to be a communist </li></ul><ul><li>Saw the danger of power hungry leaders betraying the ideals of the revolution </li></ul>
  19. 19. Themes of Animal Farm <ul><li>“Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” Lord Acton </li></ul><ul><li>Utopia is dream. </li></ul><ul><li>Idealism will suffer decay. </li></ul>

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