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Immigration to US Ellis Island


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Immigration to US Ellis Island

  1. 1. Immigration to the United States
  2. 2. Prior to 1880: Old Immigrants 1910 and later: New Immigrants Often racism and hatred came between the two groups
  3. 3. Push and Pull Factors
  4. 4. Push Factors <ul><li>Factors that force people to leave their countries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irish Potato Famine 1846 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European crop failures 1846-1847 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian Jews leave in 1882 to avoid racism . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexicans fled political unrest </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Pull Factors <ul><li>Reasons why people were drawn to America: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US Homestead Act of 1862 gave land to farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between 1880-1900 thousands of factory jobs opened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious, political, and other freedoms </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Journey Across the Atlantic Could take 3 weeks or longer Disease bred on ships
  7. 7. Steerage <ul><li>Immigrants lived in the cargo areas under ships </li></ul><ul><li>No money for good tickets! </li></ul>
  8. 9. Statue of Liberty <ul><li>Gift from France to celebrate our Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>“ The New Colussus” poem by Emma Lazarus </li></ul>
  9. 10. Statue of Liberty Poem by Emma Lazarus <ul><li>&quot;Give me your tired, your poor, </li></ul><ul><li>Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, </li></ul><ul><li>The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. </li></ul><ul><li>Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, </li></ul><ul><li>I lift my lamp beside the golden door!&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 11. Arrival in America
  11. 13. Immigrants at Ellis Island
  12. 15. Medical Inspections
  13. 17. Legal Inspections
  14. 19. Railroad Tickets
  15. 20. Ethnic Enclaves
  16. 21. Immigrant Neighborhoods <ul><li>2/3 of all immigrants went to cities </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic neighborhoods helped people feel welcome </li></ul><ul><li>Traditions were kept with ethnic “enclaves” </li></ul>
  17. 22. Assimilation <ul><li>The process of becoming part of another culture </li></ul><ul><li>Children assimilated faster than adults - school </li></ul><ul><li>Played American games and dress ed like Americans </li></ul>
  18. 23. Living Conditions
  19. 24. Room in a Tenement , 1910
  20. 25. Immigrants Andrew Carnegie John D. Rockefeller Alexander Graham Bell Leo Hendrik Baekeland
  21. 26. Americans’ Treatment of Immigrants
  22. 27. American Responses <ul><li>Nativism: people who wanted to preserve America for only native-born people </li></ul><ul><li>Racism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Chinese Exclusion Act limited immigration based on race </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Immigrants (Southern and Eastern Europe) were discriminated against. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 28. Social Gospel <ul><li>Help immigrants because it is what religion tells people to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people opened Settlement Houses to help immigrants get on their feet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Jane Addams in Chicago </li></ul></ul>