Rock ‘n’ roll music by Jared Grainger


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a brief overview of rock n roll

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Rock ‘n’ roll music by Jared Grainger

  1. 1. ROCK ‘N’ ROLL MUSIC By Me (Jared Grainger)
  2. 2. WHAT I AM COVERING  The background (‘birth’) of Rock ‘n’ Roll and the Labels  The years it dominated the world  The Main characteristics of the music and where that comes from  The Demography/Audience.  Notable acts and the most famous songs  Effects it has had on music nowadays  Similarities and differences with other genres  Different genres born from Rock ‘n’ Roll In this presentation I will be looking at different aspects of Rock ‘n’ Roll
  3. 3. BACKGROUND  Exact whereabouts of creation is disputed but is from Southern America.  Emigration of ex slaves to places such as Memphis, Tennessee, Detroit etc. meant that black people and white people lived close to each other.  The biggest musical influence was so called ‘Race music’ and country music.  Without WWII Rock ‘n’ Roll wouldn’t have been as successful.  Rock ‘n’ Roll was named by an American DJ named Alan Freed…
  4. 4.  Rock 'n' roll is really swing with a modern name. It began on the levees and plantations, took in folk songs, and features blues and rhythm. It's the rhythm that gets to the kids — they're starved of music they can dance to, after all those years of crooners. —NME - February 1956
  5. 5.  The first ‘Big’ Song of Rock ‘n’ Roll is ‘Rock Around The Clock’ by Bill Haley and His Comets (sorry about the quality) YouTube. 2000. Bill Haley - Rock Around The Clock (1956). [online] Available at: [Accessed: 5 Jul 2013].
  6. 6.  Rock ‘n’ roll was the biggest genre of music going on around the world from 1954 to 1963, the decline in its popularity came from the death of Buddy Holly and Ritchie Valens in the plane crash in February 1959, the arrest of chuck berry in December 1959, the retirement of Little Richard and Elvis joining the army in March 1958. Although it declined from 1958 it didn’t die out for another 5 years, it was kept alive by early 1960’s bands such as The Beatles.
  7. 7. ROCK ‘N’ ROLL LABELS  the biggest record labels involved in the movement of Rock ‘n’ Roll were:  Sun records – Owned by Sam Phillips founded in 1952 in Memphis, Tennessee known for signing such artists as Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison, Jerry lee Lewis and Johnny Cash, their main engineer was Jack clement
  8. 8. The sun records logo Designed by John Gale Parker, Jr. Sam Phillips founder of Sun Records Jack Clements Sun Records Engineer
  9. 9.  RCA Recordings (RCA Victor)  Founded in 1901 in New York by Emile Berliner and Eldridge R. Johnson  Notable acts they signed during Rock ‘n’ Rolls Glory Days are Elvis Presley (bought from Sun Records), Paul Anka, The Ames Brothers and Buddy Guy Along with many others.
  10. 10. The RCA Records logo Co-founder Emile Berliner Co-founder Eldridge R. Johnson
  11. 11.  Other record labels include, Decca, Brunswick, Coral among others.
  12. 12. CHARACTERISTICS  Rock ‘n’ Roll took characteristics from both R‘n’B and country.  Both R‘n’B and Rock ‘n’ Roll have a vocal line which has and answering chorus. The melodies were very narrow ranged, and the majority of the singers in both R’n’B and Rock ‘n’ Roll have hoarse/grainy voices.
  13. 13.  Rock ‘n’ Roll also took characteristics from Country Music.  The most important characteristic that country gave Rock ‘n’ Roll was its heavy reliance on chord progressions which only contained three or four chords, not complex chord progressions. Elvis Presley is a prime example of this. Also Rock ‘n’ Roll songs are some form of story which comes from the country aspect of its origin. Good examples of this are ‘Jailhouse Rock’, ‘A boy named sue’ and ‘Johnny B. Goode’.
  14. 14. AUDIENCE  Rock ‘n’ Roll has been described by historians as ‘one of the first music genres to define an age group’  Rock ‘n’ Roll was the first music style to give teenagers a sense of belonging as they could relate to the music.  Rock ‘n’ Roll was credited to the emergence of the first teen culture and the post war baby boom.  Also Rock ‘n’ Roll was the first style of music to affect the style of clothing, hair, cars, motorbike and linguistics.
  15. 15. EFFECTS OF ROCK ‘N’ ROLL ON PEOPLE NOWADAYS  Rock ‘n’ Roll has had a huge effect on people nowadays, even though it is about 60 years since its origin people still listen to it and there are still band interested in making music in this style.  People will always know one song which falls into Rock ‘n’ Roll  Even though it isn’t as big as it used to be, rock ‘n’ Roll Will never die out because there will always be a following for this music.
  16. 16. SIMIL ARITIE S AND DIFFE RE NCE S WITH OTHE R GE NRE S OF TODAY  Even though the kind of music is completely different the lyrical content is similar to rock made by young bands as they are expressing their inner angst and anguish.  The chord progressions from rock ‘n’ roll have helped shape music ever since its creation, although the chord progressions have become more complex they still heavily rely on 12 bar blues even today
  17. 17. NOTABLE ACTS  Elvis Presley  Chuck Berry  Buddy holly & the Crickets  Bill Haley & The Comets  Fats domino  Little Richard  Jerry Lee Lewis  Richie Valens ChuckNorris These are 8 Rock ‘n’ Roll artist from the 1950’s sourced from:
  18. 18. OTHER NOTABLE ACTS  The Beatles, Bo Diddley, The Drifters, The Temptations, Bob Dylan, Roy Orbison, The Beach Boys, Ray Charles and Carl Perkins Picture taken by Robert Whittaker
  19. 19. NOTABLE SONGS 1. Johnny B. Goode - Chuck Berry 2. Jailhouse Rock - Elvis Presley 3. Rock Around The Clock - Bill Haley & His Comets 4. Tutti-Frutti - Little Richard 5. Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On - Jerry Lee Lewis 6. What'd I Say - Ray Charles 7. Summertime Blues - Eddie Cochran 8. Hound Dog - Elvis Presley 9. Long Tall Sally - Little Richard 10. That'll Be The Day - Buddy Holly & the Crickets Sourced from:
  20. 20. OTHER GENRES BORN FROM ROCK ‘N’ ROLL  Psychedelic rock  Heavy metal  R’n’B  Also Rock ‘n’ Roll inspired many different genres such as Psychedelic Rock, Glam Rock, Metal etc.  Even the pop music of today... Eww
  21. 21. ANY QUESTIONS?
  22. 22. NO?
  23. 23. THANKS