WHAT I AM COVERING
The background (‘birth’) of Rock ‘n’ Roll and the Labels
The years it dominated the world
The Main characteristics of the music and where that comes from
Notable acts and the most famous songs
Effects it has had on music nowadays
Similarities and differences with other genres
Different genres born from Rock ‘n’ Roll
In this presentation I will be looking at different aspects of Rock ‘n’ Roll
Exact whereabouts of creation is disputed but is from Southern America.
Emigration of ex slaves to places such as Memphis, Tennessee, Detroit etc.
meant that black people and white people lived close to each other.
The biggest musical influence was so called ‘Race music’ and country
Without WWII Rock ‘n’ Roll wouldn’t have been as successful.
Rock ‘n’ Roll was named by an American DJ named Alan Freed…
Rock 'n' roll is really swing with a modern name. It began on the levees and
plantations, took in folk songs, and features blues and rhythm. It's the rhythm
that gets to the kids — they're starved of music they can dance to, after all
those years of crooners.
—NME - February 1956
The first ‘Big’ Song of Rock ‘n’ Roll is ‘Rock Around The Clock’
by Bill Haley and His Comets (sorry about the quality)
YouTube. 2000. Bill Haley - Rock Around The Clock (1956). [online] Available at:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F5fsqYctXgM [Accessed: 5 Jul 2013].
Rock ‘n’ roll was the biggest genre of music going on around the
world from 1954 to 1963, the decline in its popularity came from the
death of Buddy Holly and Ritchie Valens in the plane crash in
February 1959, the arrest of chuck berry in December 1959, the
retirement of Little Richard and Elvis joining the army in March 1958.
Although it declined from 1958 it didn’t die out for another 5 years, it
was kept alive by early 1960’s bands such as The Beatles.
ROCK ‘N’ ROLL LABELS
the biggest record labels involved in the movement of Rock ‘n’
Sun records – Owned by Sam Phillips founded in 1952 in
Memphis, Tennessee known for signing such artists as Elvis
Presley, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison, Jerry lee Lewis and Johnny
Cash, their main engineer was Jack clement
The sun records logo
Designed by John
Gale Parker, Jr.
Sam Phillips founder of
RCA Recordings (RCA Victor)
Founded in 1901 in New York by Emile Berliner and Eldridge R.
Notable acts they signed during Rock ‘n’ Rolls Glory Days are
Elvis Presley (bought from Sun Records), Paul Anka, The Ames
Brothers and Buddy Guy Along with many others.
Records logo Co-founder
Eldridge R. Johnson
Other record labels include, Decca, Brunswick, Coral among
Rock ‘n’ Roll took characteristics from both R‘n’B and country.
Both R‘n’B and Rock ‘n’ Roll have a vocal line which has and answering
chorus. The melodies were very narrow ranged, and the majority of the singers in
both R’n’B and Rock ‘n’ Roll have hoarse/grainy voices.
Rock ‘n’ Roll also took characteristics from Country Music.
The most important characteristic that country gave Rock ‘n’ Roll was
its heavy reliance on chord progressions which only contained three or
four chords, not complex chord progressions. Elvis Presley is a prime
example of this. Also Rock ‘n’ Roll songs are some form of story which
comes from the country aspect of its origin.
Good examples of this are ‘Jailhouse Rock’, ‘A boy named sue’ and
‘Johnny B. Goode’.
Rock ‘n’ Roll has been described by historians as ‘one of the first music genres to
define an age group’
Rock ‘n’ Roll was the first music style to give teenagers a sense of
belonging as they could relate to the music.
Rock ‘n’ Roll was credited to the emergence of the first teen culture and
the post war baby boom.
Also Rock ‘n’ Roll was the first style of music to affect the style of
clothing, hair, cars, motorbike and linguistics.
EFFECTS OF ROCK ‘N’ ROLL
ON PEOPLE NOWADAYS
Rock ‘n’ Roll has had a huge effect on people nowadays, even
though it is about 60 years since its origin people still listen to it and
there are still band interested in making music in this style.
People will always know one song which falls into Rock ‘n’ Roll
Even though it isn’t as big as it used to be, rock ‘n’ Roll Will never
die out because there will always be a following for this music.
SIMIL ARITIE S AND DIFFE RE NCE S WITH
OTHE R GE NRE S OF TODAY
Even though the kind of music is completely different the lyrical
content is similar to rock made by young bands as they are expressing
their inner angst and anguish.
The chord progressions from rock ‘n’ roll have helped shape music
ever since its creation, although the chord progressions have become
more complex they still heavily rely on 12 bar blues even today
Buddy holly & the Crickets
Bill Haley & The Comets
Jerry Lee Lewis
These are 8 Rock ‘n’ Roll artist from the 1950’s sourced from:
OTHER NOTABLE ACTS
The Beatles, Bo Diddley, The Drifters, The Temptations, Bob
Dylan, Roy Orbison, The Beach Boys, Ray Charles and Carl Perkins
Picture taken by Robert Whittaker
1. Johnny B. Goode - Chuck Berry
2. Jailhouse Rock - Elvis Presley
3. Rock Around The Clock - Bill Haley & His Comets
4. Tutti-Frutti - Little Richard
5. Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On - Jerry Lee Lewis
6. What'd I Say - Ray Charles
7. Summertime Blues - Eddie Cochran
8. Hound Dog - Elvis Presley
9. Long Tall Sally - Little Richard
10. That'll Be The Day - Buddy Holly & the Crickets
OTHER GENRES BORN
FROM ROCK ‘N’ ROLL
Also Rock ‘n’ Roll inspired many different
genres such as Psychedelic Rock,
Glam Rock, Metal etc.
Even the pop music of today... Eww