Glycolysis• Glycolysis is the breaking down of sugar molecules. Two 3 carbon molecules called pyruvate are made by glucose being cut in half. During this process, two NADH and two ATP are gained.
Kreb’s Cycle• Kreb’s Cycle- the NADH and FADH.2 are high energy electron carriers, ready to be donated to the nest part of cell respiration. Two ATP molecules are made and carbon dioxide is released.
Electron Transport Chain• Electron Transport Chain- the Complexes 1,3, and 4 use the released energy from the electron flow and create an electron gradient and H+. This pushes ATP synthesis by chemiosmosis. Two ATP are made and carbon dioxide is released. 3ADP + 3P and 3ATP are made.
2 Types of Fermentation• Lactic Acid Fermentation- the change of pyruvate to lactate without any discharge of carbon dioxide.• Alcohol Fermentation- the transformation of pyruvate to carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol.
Cellular Respiration• The types of organisms that “do” cellular respiration are all oxygen using organisms, such as plants, animals, and single celled organisms• Cellular respiration is related to photosynthesis by them being the opposite. Photosynthesis is the making of oxygen from the plants and animals, it is a endergonic reaction. Cellular Respiration is an exergonic reaction by which energy is made by the breaking down of cells and other material.