• THE INDIAN SOCIETY HAS SEVERAL ILL PRACTISE OUT
OF WHICH SOME MOST COMMON PRACTISES ARE
CHILD LABOUR,DOWRY,CASTESIM AND POVERTY.
• THE INCREASING POPULATION AND POVERTY ARE
THE MAJOR CAUSE THAT LEADS TO CHILD LABOUR.
ACCORDING TO DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT OF 1961
IT IS STRICTRLY PROHIBITED BUT NOW ALSO IT IS IN
PRACTISE.CASTESIM WAS USED AS A WEAPON IN
BRITISH PERIOD IN ORDER TO DIVIDE AND RULE.
• THE CONSTITUTION HAS LAWS REGARDING
ABOLITION OF UNTOUCHABILITY BUT IT IS EVEN
PRACTISED TILL PRESENT DAY.SO, LET US DISCUSS
SOME OF MAJOR ILL’S OF INDIAN SOCIETY.
Various Points of Concern:Population
Population:According to 1981 census our
population is about 68.5 crore ,
which is about three times in
USA, having three fold size.
Compared to the natural and
human resources of the
country India is definitely
overpopulated. The reason of
overpopulation may be defined
as lack of awareness among
the uneducated class of the
Factors Responsible:• Lack of proper education
• Being superstitious by
nature, Indians regard
children as the gift of
• They know very little about
the modern methods of
• They do not realise the
importance of better
standards of living.
Countries go through five stages of population growth
These are shown by the Demographic transition model (DTM)
Poorer, less developed countries are in the earlier stages of the
DTM, whilst richer more developed countries are in the later
• The working population pay taxes,
some of which the government use to
pay the state pensions of older people
and to pay for services like healthcare
and retirement homes.
• Taxes would need to go up because
there are more pensions to pay for and
older people need more healthcare.
The economy would grow more slowlyless money is being spent on things that
help the economy e.g. education and
• Healthcare services are stretched more
because older people need more
• People will need to spend more time
working as unpaid carers for older
family members. This means that the
working population have less leisure
time and are more stressed and
• People may have fewer children because
they cant afford lots of children when
they have dependant older relatives.
This leads to a drop in birth rate.
• The more old people there are the
lower the pension will be .People will
have to retire later because they cant
afford to get by on a state pension.
Suggestions for Population
prohibiting early marriage.
Improvement in the
percentage of literacy.
Family norms should be
implemented so that they
are made aware of the
consequences of large families
Dowry means the money, goods or estate
that a woman brings to her husband in marriage
Dowry is a continuing demand. It is not one isolated
payment made initially at the time of marriage alone, but
a series of gifts before and after marriage till the in-laws
and the husband are appeased.
This custom of dowry has been in vogue since very
As per the Dowry Prohibition Act 1961, Dowry is
Any property or valuable security given or agreed to be
given either directly or indirectly—
1. By one party to a marriage to the other party to the
2. By parents of either party to a marriage or by any
other person to either party to the marriage or to any
other person, at or before or after the marriage
Dowry Related Crimes
Indian law states that any suspicious death of a married
woman within seven years of her marriage is considered
to be a case of dowry death unless proved otherwise by
It is a cognizable and non-bailable offence.
Dowry Deaths has been defined in under Sec.
304 B of IPC as
1. When the death of a woman is caused by any
burns or bodily injury or occurs otherwise than under
normal circumstances within seven years of her
marriage and it is shown that soon before her death
she was subjected to cruelty or harassments by her
husband or by any relative of her husband for, or in
connection with the any demand for dowry, such
deaths shall be called 'dowry death’ and such husband
or relative shall be deemed to have caused her death.
2. Whoever commits dowry deaths shall be punished
by imprisonment for no less than seven years, but
which may extend to life imprisonment.
This problem is frequent in low or lower middle
class. Many of the victims are in the early
periods of marriage with extensive burns.
Moreover, newly married females are also much
more vulnerable to accidental burn as they, in
their new place at in-laws house, fail to
acclimatize with all sorts of adversities. Though
only few cases of literate women succumbed to
this injury in authors study, yet literacy has little
to do with these injuries as because female
literacy itself as whole is low.
Even the literate woman fails to acclimatize
with the situation and suicide is resulted.
Many of the women die issue less or after
having one or two children. Apart from this,
dowry problem which results in bride burning
is increasing day by day in spite of
legislation. Usually the dowry problem exists
in joint families and arranged marriages,
where the burning of married females are
Casteism:-• Caste system is based on the principle of
inequality. It believes that some people are
higher than others. They are not fit to live
with the high caste people.
• They are to be deprived of all privileges and
• They are denied high posts and positions they
can’t man theSe.
• Their educational backwardness stood on the
way of their consciousness, on the way of
• Once backward in educational field they had
least share in bureaucracy and decision
making process,to their own advantage.
Social and economic divides
still exist across India
Caste and community profile
people below poverty line in
CASTE & COMMUNITY GROUPS
Other Backward Castes
Muslim Upper Castes
Hindu Upper Castes
Christian Upper Castes
Upper Castes Sikhs
Other Upper Castes
Child Labour:Child labour refers to the employment of
children under 18 years at regular and
sustained labour. Childhood is considered
to be the goLden period of one’S Life. aS
every coin has two side, there are several
children who are tormented and wish to
quit their childhood. To escape the torture
they suffer persistently they would go for
anything under the sky. Some manage to
get out and get a better life, but many
continue to be where they are, not out of
choice, but force. This is the true story of
What is child
“Child labour” is
work for children that
harms them or exploits
them in someway
morally or by blocking
access to education).
It is the work that
exceeds a minimum
number of hours
depending on the age
of a child and on the
type of work
61% in Asia, 32% in Africa, and 7% in Latin
America, 1% in US, Canada, Europe and other
In Asia, 22% of the workforce is children. In Latin
America, 17% of the workforce is children.
246 million child workers aged 5 and 17 were
involved in child labor.
Out of which 171 million were involved in work that
by its nature is hazardous
Child labor in
INDIA accounts for the second
highest number where child labor
in the world.
Africa accounts for the highest
number of children employed and
According to certain experts
approximately 10 million bonded
children laborers are working as
domestic servants in India.
Beyond this there are almost 55
million bonded child laborers
hired across various other
Measures to Cope Up:• Getting a child educated
• Teaching children around
• Being more active to the
happenings around, can make
a big difference in the
current situation and
condition of children of
The social malady of child
labor can be brought under
control, if each individual takes
responsibility of reporting about
anyone employing a child below
the age of 14years.
Thus, instead of ignoring on
should find out about reporting
child labor and how such
children can actually be saved.
Child labor can be controlled
if the government functions
effectively with the support of
Poverty:Poverty is the prime source
of practically all evils ,
whether political , social or
economic . a poverty –
stricken land is an easy
prey to its greedy and
jealous neighbours . Poverty
has brought about political
Suggestions:• Education is the only means by
which all such problems can be
sorted. The pros and cons of this
plight are the government
continues to introduce the
policies which remain merely on
papers and are exempted from
• if “education for aLL” prevaiLS in
the country to the zenith, then
the development trap which is
created can be eradicated. But
being used to spoon feeding will
“This would require huge investments
both from the private sector as well as
the public sector to keep a stumbled
block in the path of such holocaust to
avoid great peril.”
Our Efforts may include:• Help a poor child to acquire
proficiency in language
• Monthly support for a Village
Tuition Centre that provides
supplementary learning to school
• Provide Rehabilitation of the
socially retarded and the youth
• Sponsor the education of a girl for
• Support 1 month tuition expenses
• Educate a disabled child for a year
• Sponsor a child's education (inclusive
of fees, books, uniforms,
supplementary nutrition and medical
• Donate a bicycle to a poor school
• Education, transportation and medical
expenses can be provided.
• part SponSor a year’S coLLege
education of a needy student
• 1 month Computer Training expenses
“An educational system
isn't worth a great deal
if it teaches young
people how to make a
living but doesn't teach
to make a life.”
"Education's purpose is
to replace an empty mind
with an open one."