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For scholars of CLIL, secondary school first degree. Main types of vertebrates and his characteristics

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  1. 2. <ul><li>The vertebrates are multicellular, </li></ul><ul><li>heterotrophic, </li></ul><ul><li>eukariotic living things. </li></ul><ul><li>They have a complex endoskeleton, </li></ul><ul><li>with a back bone. </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>Fish </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Mirrow Carp </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>They have fins, </li></ul><ul><li>the skin covered by scales, and </li></ul><ul><li>breathe through gills… </li></ul><ul><li>We can see them at reservoirs, lakes and in the rivers. </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Like fish , they are poikilothermal animals, and their temperature depends on the environment… </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>Urodeles are the most primitive. </li></ul><ul><li>Amphibians breath in the larval stage through gills, </li></ul><ul><li>but as adults with their skin and lungs. </li></ul><ul><li>They have no covering and </li></ul><ul><li>the skin is moist. </li></ul><ul><li>Here we have one species of newt, the gallipato. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Anurans are frogs and toads. </li></ul><ul><li>Near Puertollano is very common the Natterjack toad, </li></ul><ul><li>Bufo calamita </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>The Natterjack toad have their eyes quite different from the Common toad. </li></ul><ul><li>Here we can see one Common toad, with brown eyes </li></ul><ul><li>and a Natterjack toad, with yellow eyes. </li></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>While amphibians need water for their reproduction, </li></ul><ul><li>the eggs with a shell of the reptiles don’t need it for developing. </li></ul>
  10. 15. <ul><li>They have the skin covered by scales, </li></ul><ul><li>and can live on a very dry soil. </li></ul><ul><li>They breathe through their lungs, that </li></ul><ul><li>are more complex than amphibians’ lungs. </li></ul>
  11. 16. <ul><li>The Red small lizard is very common between rocks and leaves . </li></ul><ul><li>She likes the sun… </li></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>Bigger than her, and usually between the shrubs and bushes, we can see the Schreiber's green lizard </li></ul>
  13. 18. But it is more common the Ocellated lizard, the biggest lizard of our country
  14. 19. <ul><li>In the rivers and ponds, it is easy to find one aquatic reptile, the Spanish terrapin </li></ul>
  15. 20. <ul><li>Snakes don’t have any limbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Some ot them are very common in rivers, like the Viperine snake </li></ul><ul><li>They eat fishes and frogs and they are completely harmless. </li></ul>
  16. 21. <ul><li>The Ladder snake is more terrestrial </li></ul><ul><li>We can see it in the hills and open fields. </li></ul><ul><li>When she is young, she has the drawing of a stair on her back. </li></ul>
  17. 23. <ul><li>The Lataste’s viper is more dangerous, like all the vipers. </li></ul><ul><li>But when you find it between the grass, she will start running , escaping from you… </li></ul>
  18. 24. <ul><li>They eat small rodents, like mice and voles. </li></ul>
  19. 26. <ul><li>Birds have two wings and two legs. </li></ul><ul><li>They lay eggs like reptiles, but they are homeothermal animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Their skin is covered with feathers… </li></ul>
  20. 27. <ul><li>The song of the Common hoope is listened all day in the fields. </li></ul><ul><li>They eat insects and it is said that its nest smells very badly. </li></ul>
  21. 28. <ul><li>One of the most famous families of birds are the Corvidae, the family of the crow, raven and rook. </li></ul><ul><li>The Eurasian jay is one species of this family. </li></ul><ul><li>He inhabits the woods. </li></ul>
  22. 30. <ul><li>The Black Kite is like a kite, and its tail is forked. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not really black, but brown. </li></ul>
  23. 31. <ul><li>But the commonest kite is the Red Kite, very abundant near the roads. </li></ul><ul><li>You can recognise it for its white patches on its wings and its red tail… </li></ul>
  24. 32. <ul><li>But I’m sure that you have seen the next species of birds, </li></ul><ul><li>they set their nests in our villages and homes… </li></ul><ul><li>They live in the air, </li></ul><ul><li>eating the clouds of insects that fill the air in summer… </li></ul>
  25. 33. <ul><li>The Swallows have a deeply forked tail, and a dark blue and black colour on his back. </li></ul>
  26. 34. <ul><li>Its nests are always hidden, and we will not see them under the balconies. </li></ul><ul><li>Its throat is red… as you can see… </li></ul>
  27. 35. <ul><li>Housemartins, instead, build its nests in society, under our balconies. </li></ul><ul><li>Its tail is forked only a bit… </li></ul><ul><li>Its throat is white , and they have a white rump-patch. </li></ul><ul><li>They fly in all our old villages… </li></ul>
  28. 37. <ul><li>But last but not least, the noise of the summer evenings, the nightmare of some houses… </li></ul><ul><li>The Swifts,… </li></ul>
  29. 38. <ul><li>Almost completely blackish, they fly in groups in Puertollano’s skies. </li></ul><ul><li>You can never see their nests, because they don’t exist. They have their chicks always hidden. </li></ul>
  30. 39. <ul><li>And finally, in the deepest part of our fields and woods, mammals are waiting for you… </li></ul>
  31. 41. <ul><li>Some are small, like shrews… </li></ul>
  32. 42. <ul><li>Like hedgehogs, they chase insects… not plants. </li></ul><ul><li>They live quickly, and can never stop. </li></ul><ul><li>Many times, they are the prey… </li></ul>
  33. 44. <ul><li>Other preys are the wood mice… </li></ul><ul><li>They inhabit all our forests and woods… </li></ul><ul><li>Like other rodents, they eat mainly vegetables… </li></ul>
  34. 45. <ul><li>Like the Bank vole, with his shorter tail and his smaller ears… </li></ul>
  35. 46. <ul><li>The Common Vole </li></ul>
  36. 47. <ul><li>And the most gymnastic mouse, the Harvest mouse… </li></ul>
  37. 50. <ul><li>Like the weassel… </li></ul><ul><li>A true mice predator… </li></ul>
  38. 51. <ul><li>Or the Beech marten </li></ul>
  39. 52. <ul><li>Or the Polecat </li></ul>
  40. 53. And finally, the Lords of the Night… Very frightening, but only for moths and insects…
  41. 54. <ul><li>Bats… </li></ul><ul><li>Like this Greater Horseshoe bat </li></ul>
  42. 55. <ul><li>They move by their radar, through the dark, searching for insects like this harmless Common Long-eared bat. </li></ul><ul><li>We can find this bat in Minas del Horcajo tunnel… </li></ul>
  43. 57. I hope you have enjoyed this works …Bye bye, dear animals THE END