Scholarly communication

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An overview of research and practice of scholarly communication from the library and information science perspective. Part of content in Chinese.

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Scholarly communication

  1. 1. 学术交流的理论与实践及其对大学图书馆的影响 <br />Jian Qin 秦健<br />School of Information Studies<br />SyracuseUniversity<br />Syracuse, NY, USA<br />
  2. 2. Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />2<br />“Faculty research and scholarship represent invaluable intellectual capital, but the value of that capital lies in its effective dissemination to present and future audiences.”“教师的研究和学术成果是无价的知识资源,但是这个资源的价值在于对它向现在和将来读者的有效传播。”<br />Research Library Issues, February 2009, http://www.arl.org//bm~doc/rli-262-univ.pdf<br />
  3. 3. 学术交流Scholarly communication<br />知识的创建、转化、传播以及保存:<br /> 教学 (the promotion and transmission of knowledge) <br /> 科研 (the creation of new knowledge)<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />3<br />
  4. 4. 学术交流的过程<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />4<br />进行研究、开发思路、与其他科研人员进行非正式交流的过程<br />准备、形成、并与同行进行交流,其结果将成为正式研究成果出版的过程<br />最终的正式成果将向图书馆和其它渠道传播<br />Thorin, Suzanne E. (2003). Global changes in scholarly communication. Presented at e-Workshops on Scholarly Communication in the Digital Era, August 11-24, 2003. FengChia University, Taichung, Taiwan. www.arl.org/bm~doc/thorin.pdf<br />
  5. 5. 学术交流的研究领域<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />5<br />科研过程<br />价值与实践<br />公众获取<br />经费<br />正式交流<br />非正式交流<br />知识方面<br />社会、经济方面<br />技术方面<br />
  6. 6. 过程:了解学术交流的特点<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />6<br />Collaboration<br />Virtual community<br />Information searching<br />Publishing<br />
  7. 7. 传播:了解学术交流的方式和渠道<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />7<br />正式交流:由出版社出版的刊物以及会议论文<br />期刊<br />图书<br />会议论文集<br />非正式交流:<br />Hallway talks, face-to-Face (f2f) meetings<br />Email, etc. personal communication<br />Social media<br />Grey areas:<br />Technical reports, white papers, guidelines, manuals, etc.<br />Web publications: blogs, institutional, project, and personal websites<br />
  8. 8. 影响:SC对社会、经济、知识的影响<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />8<br />Measurable:<br />Knowledge diffusion by geographical region, discipline, and time<br />Technology transfer: patents, licenses<br />Time saved<br />Cost saved<br />Difficult to measure:<br />Benefits to society<br />Skills improved<br />Conditions improved<br />…<br />Economic: <br /><ul><li> Cost saved
  9. 9. Time saved</li></ul>Intellectual:<br /><ul><li> Citations received</li></ul>Technology:<br /><ul><li> Patents approved
  10. 10. Licenses signed</li></ul>Benefits:<br /><ul><li> Conditions improved
  11. 11. Quality of life improved
  12. 12. Learning improved</li></li></ul><li>学术交流实践的主要方面<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />9<br />Copyright and intellectual property<br />Diversity<br />E-Science<br />Leadership development<br />Legislation and appropriations<br />New models of scholarly communication<br />Preservation<br />Special collections<br />Statistics and assessment<br />来源:http://www.arl.org/issues/index.shtml<br />
  13. 13. Key issues in scholarly communication<br />Copyright and intellectual property<br />Diversity<br />E-Science<br />Leadership development<br />Legislation and appropriations<br />New models of publishing<br />Preservation<br />Special collections<br />Statistics and assessment<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />10<br />
  14. 14. E-Science<br /> “In the future, e-Science will refer to the large scale science that will increasingly be carried out through distributed global collaborations enabled by the Internet.”<br />National e-Science Center. (2008). Defining e-Science. http://www.nesc.ac.uk/nesc/define.html<br />特点<br /><ul><li>大规模科学
  15. 15. 以网络为支持的分散的、全球范围的合作
  16. 16. 庞大的数据集合
  17. 17. 大规模计算资源
  18. 18. 高绩效与可视化</li></ul>11<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />
  19. 19. Key areas of eScience<br />数据与信息的创建<br />Preservation and curation<br />Search and navigation<br />Virtual research communities<br />网络、计算、与数据存储<br />AAA (authentication, authorisation and accounting), middleware and DRM (digital rights management)<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />National e-Science Centre. (2004). Developing the UK’s e-infrastructure for science and innovation. http://www.nesc.ac.uk/documents/OSI/report.pdf<br />12<br />
  20. 20. 图书馆的资源环境和用户环境<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />13<br />Dempsey, L. (2006). The (digital) library environment: Ten years after. ARIADNE, issue 46, February. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue46/dempsey/intro.html<br />
  21. 21. 如何满足SC在新环境下的需要?<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />14<br />Source: http://www.arl.org/strategic/index.shtml<br />
  22. 22. Proactive services<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />15<br />Challenges: <br />Data is neither owned nor stored in the library<br />Scientists are not aware that librarians can help<br />Opportunities:<br />Help research teams assess needs for data and information (D&I) management<br />Design D&I management plans including metadata applications for science teams and collections<br />Help implement the plans<br />Manage ongoing changes in D&I management <br />Provide science data literacy training for future science workforce<br />
  23. 23. Examples of proactive science librarianship<br />Create metadata for digital D&I repositories<br />Provide search and browse services<br />Consult for D&I management projects<br />Train students and faculty in data management and publishing<br />Develop guidelines for data management and publishing<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />16<br />
  24. 24. Collaboration <br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />17<br />Community<br />Institution<br />IT and other groups<br />Science librarian<br />Financial and policy support<br />User requirements<br />Science domain<br />Data content idiosyncrasies <br />Evolving and interconnecting – <br />Institutional repository<br />Community repository<br />National repository<br />International repository<br />
  25. 25. Learning about science data <br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />Which processing level?<br />“little science,” “big science”<br />Data collections<br />Documentation (user guide, readme, etc.) may contain lineage information. Also help determine whether a metadata record should be created for what scope of the data<br />“Little science” data is more likely to be the research collection type while “big science” data tends to be the resource or reference collection type. <br />What format?<br />Some format has self-descriptive metadata and can be extracted by computer program<br />18<br />
  26. 26. Key issues in scholarly communication<br />Copyright and intellectual property<br />Diversity<br />E-Science<br />Leadership development<br />Legislation and appropriations<br />New models of scholarly communication<br />Preservation<br />Special collections<br />Statistics and assessment<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />19<br />
  27. 27. Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />20<br />New models of scholarly communication<br />Dissemination systems<br />Publications<br />Publishing practices<br />
  28. 28. Public Access Policies<br />Promote barrier-free access to the scholarly resources<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />21<br />
  29. 29. New model publications<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />22<br />Source: http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/current-models-report.pdf <br />
  30. 30. Digital repositories <br />Important structure for disseminating and curating a wide range of digital works<br />Managed by libraries<br />Collect locally authored and locally produced works<br />Some content is born digital<br />Pre-publication versions of works<br />Files resulted from scanning or other reformatting activities<br />Comply with Open Archive Initiative (OAI) protocols<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />23<br />
  31. 31. Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />24<br />
  32. 32. Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />25<br />
  33. 33. Digital repositories as a form of open access<br />Permanently capture the scholarly output of an institution: conference papers, pre-prints, datasets, technical reports, etc. <br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />26<br />
  34. 34. 值得关注的问题<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />27<br />开放获取政策的新变化<br />美国家卫生机构的新呈交政策<br />白宫在向公众征求关于开放获取科学研究论文的意见 <br />NSF将对未来项目申请报告增加数据管理的要求<br /><ul><li>对图书馆的影响?
  35. 35. 对用户的影响?
  36. 36. 图书馆的定位是什么?图书馆能做什么?
  37. 37. 图书馆如何帮助教师科研人员来应对这些政策上的变化?</li></li></ul><li>结语<br />Shanghai Univeristy -- 2010年12月25日<br />28<br />学术交流既是一个理论也是实践性很强的领域<br />变化快、知识强度大<br />学术产出的发现和利用仍然面临巨大挑战:<br />海量、多种形式的学术产出<br />大量的独立系统<br />技术的集约使用<br />新老学术交流模式之间的Gap<br />新的模式意味着新的服务,新的要求<br />

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