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Assistive Technology


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A brief overview of assistive technology that may be helpful for students with learning disabilites.

Published in: Technology, Education
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Assistive Technology

  1. 1. Assistive Technology and Learning <ul><li>Guide for Parents and Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Assistive Technology (AT) </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Disabilities (LD)- Middle School </li></ul><ul><li>Divergent Learning Styles </li></ul><ul><li>Current or Future Need </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Sciences and Technology (LST) </li></ul>Copyright 2005. James Vincent Puglia [Key Source: Driscoll, 2003]
  2. 2. Assistive Technology for LD Students <ul><li>Not just computer software </li></ul><ul><li>Can be simple adjustment </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Any item, equipment to improve the functional capabilities of children with learning disabilities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(IDEA and Section 508) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Assists in completing academic tasks </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A verage to above average intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>D iscrepancy- intellectual and academic achievement </li></ul><ul><li>A ssistive technology is not intended to “fix” disability </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust and compensate for weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>Example: problem solving math </li></ul>Learning Disabilities
  4. 4. <ul><li>A udtiory/listening </li></ul><ul><li>L anguage </li></ul><ul><li>P erceptual </li></ul><ul><li>D ivergent learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>R etrieval </li></ul><ul><li>I nformation processing load (LST) </li></ul><ul><li>V isual </li></ul><ul><li>E xternal and internal attention problems (LST) </li></ul>Learning Differences Different Learning Styles (ALP DRIVE)
  5. 5. Different Learning Modalities Learning Disabled Students <ul><li>Differentiated Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging, hands-on learning </li></ul><ul><li>Sequenced and Structured Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge- Construct </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Intelligences </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments- varied forms </li></ul><ul><li>Situated Cognition </li></ul><ul><li>Kinesthetic </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Learning Styles Survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help with spelling, reading problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where and how often will AT be used? </li></ul><ul><li>Past benefit/poor experience </li></ul><ul><li>SETT Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Learning environments evolve </li></ul><ul><li>There are Low and high technology options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large selection, try it, ease of use, support </li></ul></ul>Current/Future Need for AT
  7. 7. <ul><li>High Tech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reading Software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tablet PCs, Laptops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Recorders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Camcorders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PDAs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MP3 Players </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scanners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SmartBoards </li></ul></ul></ul>Types of Technology- Low Versus High <ul><li>Low Tech </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flash cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graph paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading guide </li></ul></ul>This is .. Class Notes Key Ideas
  8. 8. <ul><li>W ord Prediction- WordQ, Kurzweil, TextAloud </li></ul><ul><li>R ecorder- Digital--voice to text— </li></ul><ul><li>I Movie for writing --analyze movies </li></ul><ul><li>T ext- Have your voice make text-Dragon Preferred </li></ul><ul><li>I nspiration , Draftbuilder- Graphic Organizers </li></ul><ul><li>N ew, constructivist activity- Unitedstreaming </li></ul><ul><li>G rammar highlighter--punctuation, or capital letters-MS Word, Spellcheckers </li></ul>Academic Areas- Writing AT for Learning
  9. 9. Academic Areas- Writing AT for Learning Dragon Naturally Speaking Kurzweil
  10. 10. <ul><li>R eading from the Web (TextAloud, Readplease) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Text,—LD Eligible Students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E nable Text to Speech : (Kurzweil, TextAloud) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text aloud converts to a MP3 player </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading, dictionary definitions, highlighted words </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A udio- -digital tapes/auditoapes </li></ul><ul><li>D ifferentiated reading to improve comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>O bservation- less risk- Unitedstreaming </li></ul><ul><li>N ew information, PowerPoint for comprehension </li></ul>Academic Areas- Reading AT for Learning
  11. 11. <ul><li>M ath- electronic worksheets to line up problems- </li></ul><ul><li>A, </li></ul><ul><li>T ables, graphs paper, talking calculators </li></ul><ul><li>H ope for new software and Internet resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Library of Math Manipulatives </li></ul></ul>Academic Areas- Math AT for Learning 6 7 5 2 7 x 8 6 3
  12. 12. Academic Areas- Math AT for Learning
  13. 13. <ul><li>S tudy with Inspiration-use for studying for test </li></ul><ul><li>T ext to speech program for test- TextAloud, Kurzweil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modify text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sticky pads and notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extract highlighted notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read tests and fill in the blanks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U nitedstreaming: Online Tests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>View movie answer questions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>D ifferentiate Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Y our own personal organizers, Danas, Alphasmarts </li></ul>Academic Areas- Study Skills/Test-taking
  14. 14. Academic Areas- Study Skills/Test-taking Link Kurzweil for Taking Tests
  15. 15. <ul><li>R esistance to it </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students, parents and teachers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>O ther students use for same work </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher's role to differentiate instruciton. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>M ight be given when not </li></ul><ul><li>E xcuses- some use it for wrong reason </li></ul><ul><li>“ Rome wasn’t built in a day.” </li></ul>Possible Barriers- ROME
  16. 16. <ul><li>Divergent Learning Styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visual, auditory, kinesthetic, attention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learners Differentiated Instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia- verbal assessment, auditory, video </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop Appropriate Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet Learners’ Needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students Learn in Different Ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AT meet current and future needs </li></ul></ul>LST- Learning Sciences and Technology
  17. 17. <ul><li>Metacognition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are students aware? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher guides students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal ownership (e.g.) Use TextAloud </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transmission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Audiotape listening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listening to MP3 text file </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tests in Kurzweil </li></ul></ul>LST- Learning Sciences and Technology
  18. 18. <ul><li>Guided Discovery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support group work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn through scaffolding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Situated Cognition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community of Learners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real life learning </li></ul></ul>LST- Learning Sciences and Technology
  19. 19. <ul><li>Learners As Experts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Child Labor- Ecuador </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meaningful, realistic and relevant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meet All Learners Needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurricane—Different student roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vocabulary search, PowerPoint </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technology slows cognitive overload. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrange environment need of leaner traits. </li></ul></ul>LST- Constructivism in Practice
  20. 20. <ul><li>Project Based Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents/Teachers Partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ownership—respect between peers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of Information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creation of New Products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Redo Movie Ending– New ending to script </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using TextAloud to learn in new way </li></ul></ul>LST- Constructivism in Practice
  21. 21. <ul><li>T imeless </li></ul><ul><li>E nvironment </li></ul><ul><li>A ssessment </li></ul><ul><li>C ollaborative </li></ul><ul><li>H umor </li></ul><ul><li>M ultifaceted </li></ul><ul><li>E veryone Can Learn </li></ul>LST- TEACH ME- My LST Philosophy
  22. 22. Links and References