’ 60s Civil Rights Movements <ul><li>The Civil Rights movements that began in the 1950s grew and made significant achievem...
Civil Rights Movements Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) <ul><li>Preacher and leader of the civil rights movement of the...
The Selma to Montgomery, Alabama  Civil Rights Marches <ul><li>These three marches which took place in 1965 are the pinnac...
The Selma to Montgomery  Civil Rights Marches <ul><li>During the first march, called “Bloody Sunday”, 600 marchers were at...
 
 
’ 60s Civil Rights Movement <ul><li>Many, including the leader of the early 60s civil rights movement desired integration ...
Motown Motown was the sound of integration advocated by Martin Luther King Jr.
Motown Records <ul><li>Named after Motor Town, Detroit, Michigan where the company was headquartered </li></ul><ul><li>Ber...
Motown <ul><li>Berry Gordy sought a formula that would appeal to all ethnicities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He sent his perform...
Motown <ul><li>Berry Gordy produced girl groups, boy groups, former doo-whoppers, family groups, and individuals who all b...
The Supremes Smokey Robinson &  The Miracles The Four Tops Marvin Gaye Martha and the Vandellas The Jackson Five Little St...
Little Stevie Wonder (b. 1950) <ul><li>Born Steveland Morris </li></ul><ul><li>The wonder-child of Motown </li></ul><ul><u...
Motown <ul><li>Their subject matter was not initially as controversial as some white groups in the 1960s </li></ul><ul><ul...
Marvin Gaye’s music <ul><li>By the early 1970s he had become tired of the formula of Motown and produced his own albums </...
“ What’s Going On” Marvin Gaye 1971 <ul><li>Mother, mother There's too many of you crying Brother, brother, brother There'...
Acid Rock & the  Psychedelic Blues
Acid Rock <ul><li>Named after LSD and psychedelic drug influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1967 LSD is in wide use </li></ul><...
Acid Rock <ul><li>Characteristics of Acid Rock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hidden messages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distortion...
 
 
Bill Graham <ul><li>Bill Graham </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The main promoter and producer of San Francisco Acid Rock </li></ul>...
 
Acid Rock <ul><li>Rolling Stone Magazine was established in 1967 during the height of Acid Rock popularity </li></ul><ul><...
Acid Rock <ul><li>“ Rock and Roll is more than just music. It is the energy center of the new culture and the youth revolu...
Jefferson Airplane <ul><li>San Francisco city acid rock band who became the voice of the summer of love </li></ul><ul><ul>...
White Rabbit – Jefferson Airplane 1967 <ul><li>One pill makes you larger And one pill makes you small And the ones that mo...
The Grateful Dead <ul><li>Other bands like The Grateful Dead had their origins in folk and bluegrass </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Formed in 1966 in Los Angeles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LA was somewhat musically empty at the time </li></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><li>“ Break On Through” was their first hit off their debut, self-titled album in 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Their 2 nd  h...
<ul><li>You know that it would be untrue, You know that I would be a liar, If I was to say to you, Girl, we couldn't get m...
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Music 28 Slides No. 5 - S12

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Music 28 Slides No. 5 - S12

  1. 1. ’ 60s Civil Rights Movements <ul><li>The Civil Rights movements that began in the 1950s grew and made significant achievements in the 1960s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Civil Rights Act of 1964 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forbade discrimination in public places </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Banned discrimination in federally funded programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Everyone did not initially comply, especially states in the south </li></ul>
  2. 2. Civil Rights Movements Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) <ul><li>Preacher and leader of the civil rights movement of the 50s & 60s </li></ul><ul><li>Known for advocating non-violent protest, modeled after the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi </li></ul><ul><li>Led a successful boycott of Montgomery, Alabama bus drivers in 1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Led the famous 1963 march on Washington </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I Have a Dream” speech </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alabama march </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3200 participants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>25,000 heard his speech in Montgomery </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Selma to Montgomery, Alabama Civil Rights Marches <ul><li>These three marches which took place in 1965 are the pinnacle of the civil rights movement </li></ul><ul><li>Goal = to ensure fair black voter registration </li></ul><ul><li>Intension: to bring the civil rights issues to Governor Wallace’s attention </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Selma to Montgomery Civil Rights Marches <ul><li>During the first march, called “Bloody Sunday”, 600 marchers were attacked by local police with Billy clubs and tear gas </li></ul><ul><li>Only the 3 rd march attempt made it to Montgomery and it took 5 days </li></ul>
  5. 7. ’ 60s Civil Rights Movement <ul><li>Many, including the leader of the early 60s civil rights movement desired integration for all people </li></ul><ul><li>“ I must make it very clear…that I'm against discrimination and segregation whether it's toward a Negro, or Mexican or a Jew or Catholic or wherever it is. I think injustice toward any people is a threat to justice for all people. I'm against discrimination.” – Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Motown Motown was the sound of integration advocated by Martin Luther King Jr.
  7. 9. Motown Records <ul><li>Named after Motor Town, Detroit, Michigan where the company was headquartered </li></ul><ul><li>Berry Gordy – founder </li></ul><ul><li>Company is based on the assembly-line concepts of auto factories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each artist/group went through an assembly-line of grooming, coaching and refining </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Motown became the first African American-owned label that consistently and successfully groomed, packaged, marketed, and sold the music of African-American youths to the white American masses” </li></ul>
  8. 10. Motown <ul><li>Berry Gordy sought a formula that would appeal to all ethnicities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He sent his performers to refining schools and etiquette classes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Motown Sound </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pounding beat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocals were stripped of any ghetto influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He used the sound quality of a car radio for the production quality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two of Motown’s most active song writers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smokey Robinson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marvin Gaye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holland – Dozier - Holland </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Motown <ul><li>Berry Gordy produced girl groups, boy groups, former doo-whoppers, family groups, and individuals who all became the staple of the Motown sound. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Supremes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Temptations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Four Tops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marvin Gaye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smokey Robinson and the Miracles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Jackson Five </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little Stevie Wonder </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Groups were often choreographed and dressed in similar outfits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Supremes were almost as well known for what they wore than for what they sang </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. The Supremes Smokey Robinson & The Miracles The Four Tops Marvin Gaye Martha and the Vandellas The Jackson Five Little Stevie Wonder
  11. 13. Little Stevie Wonder (b. 1950) <ul><li>Born Steveland Morris </li></ul><ul><li>The wonder-child of Motown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recorded his first Album The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie in 1962 – he was only 12 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Uptight” (Everything’s Alright) – Top Ten hit in 1966 </li></ul></ul></ul>We will re-visit him later in the semester.
  12. 14. Motown <ul><li>Their subject matter was not initially as controversial as some white groups in the 1960s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Novelty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light-hearted topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Stop in the Name of Love” – The Supremes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ My Girl” – The Temptations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ ABC” – The Jackson Five </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 15. Marvin Gaye’s music <ul><li>By the early 1970s he had become tired of the formula of Motown and produced his own albums </li></ul><ul><li>His subject matter became more meaningful and political </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ What’s Going On?” 1971 – Told from the perspective of a returning Vietnam veteran </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On the album of the same name – one of the first to address these issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Mercy, Mercy Me” – about the destruction of the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These songs put Gaye more in the soul category than the Motown model </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Marvin Gaye was shot and killed by his father in 1984 when his father was high on drugs – He was 45. </li></ul>
  14. 16. “ What’s Going On” Marvin Gaye 1971 <ul><li>Mother, mother There's too many of you crying Brother, brother, brother There's far too many of you dying You know we've got to find a way To bring some lovin' here today - Ya Father, father We don't need to escalate You see, war is not the answer For only love can conquer hate You know we've got to find a way To bring some lovin' here today Picket lines and picket signs Don't punish me with brutality Talk to me, so you can see Oh, what's going on What's going on Ya, what's going on Ah, what's going on </li></ul><ul><li>(ad lib) </li></ul><ul><li>Father, father, everybody thinks we're wrong Oh, but who are they to judge us Simply because our hair is long Oh, you know we've got to find a way To bring some understanding here today Oh Picket lines and picket signs Don't punish me with brutality Talk to me So you can see What's going on Ya, what's going on Tell me what's going on I'll tell you what's going on - Uh Right on baby Right on baby </li></ul>
  15. 17. Acid Rock & the Psychedelic Blues
  16. 18. Acid Rock <ul><li>Named after LSD and psychedelic drug influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1967 LSD is in wide use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lysergic acid diethylamide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In ’67 it is still legal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Rock albums show some influence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acid Rock artists thought their music could change the world </li></ul>
  17. 19. Acid Rock <ul><li>Characteristics of Acid Rock </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hidden messages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distortion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gimmicks, and special affects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wawa pedal – humanlike </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fuzz Box </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Amps – bigger sound </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A mixture of the Folk rock and Acid created acid rock </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long jam sessions </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. Bill Graham <ul><li>Bill Graham </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The main promoter and producer of San Francisco Acid Rock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Filmore was a popular dance hall in the Haight where many bands got their start </li></ul></ul>
  19. 24. Acid Rock <ul><li>Rolling Stone Magazine was established in 1967 during the height of Acid Rock popularity </li></ul><ul><li>1967 was named the “Summer of Love” as the hippie culture, sexual revolution and drug use exploded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 100,000 people flocked to Haight-Ashbury </li></ul></ul>
  20. 25. Acid Rock <ul><li>“ Rock and Roll is more than just music. It is the energy center of the new culture and the youth revolution.” </li></ul>
  21. 26. Jefferson Airplane <ul><li>San Francisco city acid rock band who became the voice of the summer of love </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Somebody to Love” an anthem for the summer of love </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Their songs lyrics have direct references to drug use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ White Rabbit” - Alice in Wonderland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slipped past the censors of the 1960s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The anthem of the Haight-Ashbury scene </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 27. White Rabbit – Jefferson Airplane 1967 <ul><li>One pill makes you larger And one pill makes you small And the ones that mother gives you Don't do anything at all Go ask Alice When she's ten feet tall And if you go chasing rabbits And you know you're going to fall Tell 'em a hookah smoking caterpillar Has given you the call Call Alice When she was just small </li></ul><ul><li>When men on the chessboard Get up and tell you where to go And you've just had some kind of mushroom And your mind is moving low Go ask Alice I think she'll know When logic and proportion Have fallen sloppy dead And the White Knight is talking backwards And the Red Queen's &quot;off with her head!&quot; Remember what the dormouse said; “Feed your head” </li></ul>
  23. 28. The Grateful Dead <ul><li>Other bands like The Grateful Dead had their origins in folk and bluegrass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were the top concert draw in the US </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deadheads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carnival atmosphere, vendors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Human Be In </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Held at Golden Gate Park in 1967 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Tune on, Tune in, Drop out” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massive amounts of acid Kool-Aid was available </li></ul></ul>“ Casey Jones”
  24. 29. <ul><li>Formed in 1966 in Los Angeles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LA was somewhat musically empty at the time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Morrison and Ray Manzerek met at UCLA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They combined Morrison’s poetry with Manzerek’s music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Morrison was an avid reader and a rebel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>claimed his parents were dead </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He saw dead Indians in the desert and felt he was possessed by an Indian spirit </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other band members were Robby Krieger – guitar, and John Densmore – drums </li></ul></ul>
  25. 30. <ul><li>“ Break On Through” was their first hit off their debut, self-titled album in 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Their 2 nd hit off this album was “Light My Fire” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Censored by Ed Sullivan “Girl we can’t get much higher (better)” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Morrison sang it unedited </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>“ The End” also on this album </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An 12 minute piece </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an anthem for the acid generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morrison explores the depths of his alter ego “The Lizard King” </li></ul></ul>
  26. 31. <ul><li>You know that it would be untrue, You know that I would be a liar, If I was to say to you, Girl, we couldn't get much higher. Come on, baby, light my fire, Come on, baby, light my fire. Try to set the night on fire. The time to hesitate is through, No time to wallow in the mire, Try now, we can only lose, And our love become a funeral pyre. Come on, baby, light my fire, Come on, baby, light my fire. Try to set the night on fire. Yeah! </li></ul><ul><li>The time to hesitate is through, No time to wallow in the mire, Try now we can only lose, And our love become a funeral pyre. Come on, baby, light my fire, Come on, baby, light my fire. Try to set the night on fire. Yeah! You know that it would be untrue, You know that I would be a liar, If I was to say to you, Girl, we couldn't get much higher. Come on, baby, light my fire, Come on, baby, light my fire. Try to set the night on fire, Try to set the night on fire, Try to set the night on fire, Try to set the night on fire. </li></ul>“ Light My Fire” The Doors 1967

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