Brian Elliott's "Editing" Lecture

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This lecture was given in Baylor University's Production Methods One course on 9/13/06 and 9/15/06.

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Brian Elliott's "Editing" Lecture

  1. 1. Introduction to Editing
  2. 2. Film Language <ul><li>Film Language </li></ul><ul><li>Shots = nouns </li></ul><ul><li>Transitions linking them = verbs </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Shots - Elements <ul><li>Editors consider that all shots are subject to 4 elements </li></ul><ul><li>[1] The Lens </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Shots - Elements <ul><li>Editors consider that all shots are subject to 4 elements </li></ul><ul><li>[2] The Camera </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Shots - Elements <ul><li>Editors consider that all shots are subject to 4 elements </li></ul><ul><li>[3] The Mounting </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Shots - Elements <ul><li>Editors consider that all shots are subject to 4 elements </li></ul><ul><li>[4] The Subject </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Shots - Types <ul><li>Editors define Shots in </li></ul><ul><li>3 ways: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] The Simple Shot </li></ul><ul><li>-No lens movement </li></ul><ul><li>-No Cam movement </li></ul><ul><li>-No mounting move. </li></ul><ul><li>-Simple Subject Move. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Simple Shots -11 Basic choices <ul><li>“ Based on Size of Subject” </li></ul><ul><li>-XCU-ECU </li></ul><ul><li>-CU </li></ul><ul><li>-MCU </li></ul><ul><li>-MS </li></ul><ul><li>-MLS or MWS </li></ul><ul><li>-LS or WS </li></ul><ul><li>-XLS or XWS (establishing) </li></ul><ul><li>-2S </li></ul><ul><li>-OTS </li></ul><ul><li>-3S or Group shot </li></ul><ul><li>-POV </li></ul>
  9. 9. Editing with Simple Shots <ul><li>We’re Dependent on </li></ul><ul><li>--Actor Performance </li></ul><ul><li>--Focus </li></ul><ul><li>--Framing </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue scenes are driven by S.Shots </li></ul><ul><li>Editing Style: Wide to tight to wide </li></ul><ul><li>S.Shots can allow for more intimacy w/o movement or distraction </li></ul><ul><li>To hide actor performance we sometimes add movement and quicker cuts </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Shots - Types <ul><li>[2] The Complex Shot </li></ul><ul><li>-A lens movement </li></ul><ul><li>-A Cam movement </li></ul><ul><li>-No mounting move </li></ul><ul><li>-Simple Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Move. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Complex Shots <ul><li>--Start static/End static-Hold </li></ul><ul><li>--Uncomfortable to </li></ul><ul><li>Comfortable </li></ul><ul><li>--At any point </li></ul><ul><li>We should be </li></ul><ul><li>Able to freeze </li></ul><ul><li>The frame and </li></ul><ul><li>Still have good </li></ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul><ul><li>Ask Why? Why did they </li></ul><ul><li>make that edit there ? </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Shots - Types <ul><li>[3] Developing Shot </li></ul><ul><li>-A lens movement </li></ul><ul><li>-A Cam movement </li></ul><ul><li>-A mounting move. </li></ul><ul><li>-Complicated Subject Move. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Developing Shots <ul><li>--Same tips as 4 Complex </li></ul><ul><li>--Unobtrusive Camera still the goal </li></ul><ul><li>--Complete on its own, usually no need to edit </li></ul>
  14. 14. Types of Shots - Editor <ul><li>Emot’l/Story Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Of Shots </li></ul><ul><li>[1] XCU </li></ul>
  15. 15. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact </li></ul><ul><li>[1] XCU </li></ul><ul><li>-Creates tension and intensity since it brings viewer closer to subject than normal. </li></ul><ul><li>-Often used to reveal Char’s inner Psych . Space -- thoughts, memories </li></ul>
  16. 16. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact </li></ul><ul><li>[2] CU </li></ul>
  17. 17. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Impact of CU </li></ul><ul><li>--Captures subtle </li></ul><ul><li>Emot’l face moves </li></ul><ul><li>--Focus on Intimacy </li></ul><ul><li>--Est. Personal Connex </li></ul><ul><li>w/ Subj. </li></ul><ul><li>--Allows for “Movie Star” syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>--Can use it to create “Forced” Intimacy” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact </li></ul><ul><li>[3] MCU </li></ul>
  19. 19. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact of MCU </li></ul><ul><li>-Respects Privacy Circle </li></ul><ul><li>Like an acquaintance or business associate </li></ul><ul><li>“Polite” </li></ul><ul><li>-Begins to reveal some environment </li></ul>
  20. 20. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact </li></ul><ul><li>[4] MS </li></ul>
  21. 21. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact of MS </li></ul><ul><li>-Allows for active subject </li></ul><ul><li>-Emotionally ambivalent , </li></ul><ul><li>But still usually favors single subj. </li></ul><ul><li>Dir still directing viewer’s </li></ul><ul><li>attention </li></ul>
  22. 22. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact </li></ul><ul><li>[5] LS </li></ul>
  23. 23. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>SHOT IMPACT OF LS </li></ul><ul><li>-Environment clearly seen </li></ul><ul><li>-Used to show Action </li></ul><ul><li>-More objective , </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely do we interact w/people </li></ul><ul><li>at this distance </li></ul><ul><li>-Gives context , for subject in </li></ul><ul><li>his environment </li></ul>
  24. 24. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact </li></ul><ul><li>[6] WS </li></ul>
  25. 25. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact Of WS </li></ul><ul><li>-Focus primarily </li></ul><ul><li>on the </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>-Human subjects </li></ul><ul><li>no longer the point of the shot, even if their activity is </li></ul>
  26. 26. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact </li></ul><ul><li>[7] XLS- </li></ul><ul><li>XWS </li></ul>
  27. 27. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Shot Impact of XLS-XWS </li></ul><ul><li>-Covers a vast area </li></ul><ul><li>-Supplies context , but NOT just for a specific action or event. For Entire story . </li></ul><ul><li>-Can supply Temporal context as well as Geographical one. </li></ul><ul><li>“ $10 word” </li></ul>
  28. 28. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>Planning Shots Ask: </li></ul><ul><li>-What is POV of scene </li></ul><ul><li>-What’s the appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Emot’l distance </li></ul><ul><li>b/n subj & Viewer. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>-ADDS IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>-Exhilarating or </li></ul><ul><li>Disorienting </li></ul><ul><li>” Provide New Info” </li></ul>
  30. 30. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAM MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[1] Pan/Tilt </li></ul><ul><li>Why does this work? </li></ul><ul><li>Let something lead our vision; </li></ul><ul><li>the “ reveal ” can be more compelling </li></ul>
  31. 31. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Track, Dolly, Truck, Crab </li></ul><ul><li>-Why it works? </li></ul><ul><li>-Planning it </li></ul>
  32. 32. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Track, Dolly, Truck, Crab </li></ul><ul><li>“ Parallel 2 Subj” </li></ul><ul><li>--Track With, </li></ul><ul><li>--Faster or Slower </li></ul>
  33. 33. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Track, Dolly, Truck, Crab </li></ul><ul><li>-Track Into </li></ul><ul><li>-Track Away </li></ul><ul><li>-Establishing </li></ul><ul><li>by start on object and </li></ul><ul><li>back’g away </li></ul>
  34. 34. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Track, Dolly, Truck </li></ul><ul><li>Track Around </li></ul><ul><li>Note the </li></ul><ul><li>Diff. </li></ul><ul><li>B/n </li></ul><ul><li>The 2 </li></ul>
  35. 35. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[3] Follow Shot </li></ul><ul><li>Exempt </li></ul><ul><li>From </li></ul><ul><li>Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Of </li></ul><ul><li>Moti- </li></ul><ul><li>vation </li></ul>
  36. 36. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[4] Crane Shot </li></ul><ul><li>Uniqueness & Pot’l Prob. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[5] Pedestal </li></ul><ul><li>“ hydraulic” </li></ul><ul><li>-Mix of Natural & Unnatural </li></ul>
  38. 38. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[6] Zoom </li></ul><ul><li>Non-organic vs. </li></ul><ul><li>Camera physically </li></ul><ul><li>moving </li></ul>
  39. 39. Types of Shots-Editor <ul><li>CAMERA MOVEMENT IMPACT </li></ul><ul><li>[7] Handheld </li></ul><ul><li>“ Unnatural” </li></ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Psych Efx </li></ul>
  40. 40. Types of Shots-Function <ul><li>Editor thinks in terms of: </li></ul><ul><li>[1] Master Shot </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Single Shot </li></ul><ul><li>[3] OTS or OS </li></ul><ul><li>[4] Reverse Shot </li></ul><ul><li>[5] POV </li></ul><ul><li>[6] Reaction-RXN Shot </li></ul><ul><li>[7] 2 Shot </li></ul><ul><li>[8] Group Shot </li></ul><ul><li>[9] Cutaway </li></ul><ul><li>[10] Insert </li></ul>

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