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Common Sports Injuries

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Common Sports injuries and ways to prevent them.

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Common Sports Injuries

  1. 1. How to be Safe and Play Heartily
  2. 2. •Movement Melts Away Stress •Exercise Gives You Energy •Fitness Can Help Build Relationships •Exercise Helps Ward Off Disease •Exercise Boosts Brainpower •Fitness Pumps Up Your Heart •Exercise Lets You Eat More
  3. 3. *Happens when ankle gets twisted Symptoms *Pain *Swelling *Instability *May even require surgery
  4. 4. Inflammation of tendon(ERCB) in Elbow Symptoms *Pain *Swelling *Unable to lift weight *May require surgery
  5. 5. *Micro tears in muscles due to overuse Symptoms *Pain in leg after exercise *Adaptation of wrong posture *Weakness of muscles
  6. 6. 1.Health related 2.Skill related
  7. 7. HEALTH RELATED Aerobic endurance muscle Strength Muscular-Endurance FlexibilitYBody composition
  8. 8. SKILL RELATED Balance Reaction time Co- ordination Speed FlexibilityAgility Power
  9. 9. *Aerobic endurance- ability to exercise continuously for extended periods without tiring *Muscle strength- ability of a muscle group to develop maximal contractile force against a resistance in a single contraction. *Flexibility- the capacity of a muscle to move through its full range of motion.
  10. 10. *Reaction time- The ability to respond quickly to a stimulus e.g., sprint start *Power- The ability to exert a maximal force in as short a time as possible *Speed- The ability to move quickly across the ground *Agility- The ability to quickly change body position or direction of the body.
  11. 11. *balance is the ability to stay upright or stay in control of body movement *coordination is the ability to move two or more body parts under control, smoothly and efficiently.
  12. 12. *purpose: to measure the leg muscle power *Procedure-the athlete stands side on to a wall and reaches up with the hand closest to the wall. Keeping the feet flat on the ground, the point of the fingertips is marked or recorded.
  13. 13. *Purpose-aerobic fitness test. *procedure: This test involves continuous running between two lines 20m apart in time to recorded beeps.
  14. 14. *Purpose-The sit and reach test is a common measure of flexibility, and specifically measures the flexibility of the lower back and hamstring muscles. *Procedure-Athlete sits on the floor with legs stretched and asked to reach out forward trying to touch the feet
  15. 15. *Direct blow
  16. 16. *Awkward movements
  17. 17. *Poor training techniques
  18. 18. *Structural abnormalities
  19. 19. *Repeated over use of muscle groups or joints
  20. 20. *Not resting the injured part
  21. 21. *Weakness in muscles, tendons and ligaments
  22. 22. *Warm up thoroughly
  23. 23. *Use appropriate safety equipments
  24. 24. *Use good form and technique
  25. 25. *Drink plenty of fluids before, during and after the game.
  26. 26. Cool down after sport
  27. 27. *Maintain a good level of overall fitness. *Ensure training includes appropriate speed and impact work. *Don’t exert yourself beyond the level of your fitness. *Allow adequate recovery time between sessions. *Have regular medical check ups.
  28. 28. * R I C E *Rest *Ice *Compression *elevation
  29. 29. *Heat *Alcohol *Running and exercising *massage
  30. 30. *Stop the activity *Sit with head leaning forward *pinch your nose for 10 min and breathe through mouth *If bleeding continues for more than 30 min, see the doctor.
  31. 31. Rinse your dislodged teeth with water or milk and see your dentist immediately.
  32. 32. Prolonged loss of consciousness Injury to the neck or spine Injury to the head or face Broken bones Abdominal injury
  33. 33. *Sprains *Strains and muscle tears *Eye injuries *Shin splints.

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