Personal hygiene F &B


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Introduction to Personal Hygiene in Food & Beverage sector

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Personal hygiene F &B

  1. 1. JP LawandWhat is Hygiene?Hygiene is the science of preserving and protecting your health.Exp: personal hygiene, dental hygiene, food hygiene, medical hygiene…What is Personal Hygiene?The Various methods a person takes to avoid infection,maintain cleanliness and ensure good health.
  2. 2. JP LawandMicrobes can be found virtually everywhere. They are in the air, thesoil, and water, and in and on plants and animals, including us.A single teaspoon of topsoil contains about a billion bacterial cells (andabout 120,000 fungal cells and some 25,000 algal cells).The human mouth is home to more than 500 species of bacteria.Microbes: is a microorganism, esp. a bacterium causing disease orfermentation.Where Can We find Microbes?
  3. 3. JP LawandArchaeaThese bacteria look-alikes are living fossils that areproviding clues to the earliest forms of life on Earth.BacteriaOften dismissed as “germs” that cause illness,bacteria help us do an amazing array of useful things,like make vitamins, break down some types ofgarbage, and maintain our atmosphere.FungiFrom a single-celled yeast to a 3.5-mile-wide mushroom,fungi do everything from helping to bake bread torecycling to decomposing waste.ProtistaPlant-like algae produce much of the oxygen webreathe; animal-like protozoa (including the famousamoeba) help maintain the balance of microbial life.VirusesUnable to do much of anything on their own, viruses gointo host cells to reproduce, often wreaking havoc andcausing disease. Their ability to move genetic informationfrom one cell to another makes them useful for cloningDNA and could provide a way to deliver gene therapy.Microbial MergersMergers and collaborations on a minute scale pavedthe way for higher life forms. Today, symbioses (thescientific terms for these mergers) help fertilizeplants, construct coral reefs, and help us digest food.
  4. 4. JP Lawand1. Washing HandsOur hands can contains lots of harmfulbacteria, that could cause diseases.Exp: 1) Hepatitis A that can cause jaundice anddiarrhea2) Pseudomonas that can infect wounds3) Shigella that can cause diarrhea4) Haemophilus that can cause pinkeye (highlycontagious.
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  6. 6. After Visiting ToiletOn entering the food room, after a breakand before handling any foodAfter putting on or changing a dressingAfter combing or touching the hair, theface, nose, mouth or earsAfter sneezing or using the tissueBefore and after handling raw food (meat,poultry…)After Handling waste foodAfter using detergentsAfter cleaning the tables or the dirtyutensilsAfter touching your cloth or apronJP Lawand
  7. 7. JP Lawand2. Sanitizer
  8. 8. Hand Sanitizer is not areplacement for washing handsJP Lawand
  9. 9. Cuts and wounds and wounds should be covered with awaterproof dressing. The plasters should be coloured sothey can be easily identified if they fall into food.JP Lawand3. Protecting the wounds
  10. 10. JP Lawand4. Grooming
  11. 11. JP Lawand1. GlovesWearing disposable gloves is essential specially when handling ready to eat food,but it should be used in a proper manner.a) Always wash your hands before putting on the gloves, otherwise it willbe infected by your dirty handsb) Change your gloves anytime you need to wash your hands:1) After touching your body2) After using the toilet3) After eating or drinking4) After handling raw food5) After using or touching dirty equipment or utensils6) After any other activities that contaminate your gloves
  12. 12. JP Lawand2. Cover you Hair using hair net or special capMake sure to cover your ears3. Face Mask when handling raw food
  13. 13. JP Lawand4. Clean and Suitable UniformKitchen suitable uniform:1) Hat or Hair net2) Long sleeve jacket3) Suitable pants4) Apron5) Safety shoesN.B. : the uniform is only for work, street cloth and shoesare for outside
  14. 14. Inform your supervisor if you exhibit the any of thefollowing symptoms:jaundice (yellowing of eyes and skin)diarrheavomitingfeversore throat with feverboils or cutsdischarges from ears, nose or eyesexcessive coughing or sneezingJP Lawand
  15. 15. JP LawandNo jewelry when preparing food. (rings, earing,necklace …)Flip flop are bannedEating and smoking are prohibit at work place.
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