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Energie

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Presentation in French on Energy Policy in the European Union

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Energie

  1. 1. La politique énergétique de l’ UE<br />et la dépendance sur la Russie pour le gaz naturel<br />John Kirk<br />
  2. 2. La politique énergétique – vue d’ensemble<br /><ul><li>«Un approvisionnement sur et durable»</li></ul>«Une choix plus vaste pour les consommateurs»<br />«Une économie sobre en carbone»<br />«De nouvelles voies pour l’énergie»<br />«Energie: il y a urgence»<br />
  3. 3. La consommation d’énergie dans l’UE<br /><ul><li>1997 – 2007
  4. 4. Consommation d’énergie est monté 6%
  5. 5. Consommation du gaz a grandi 20%
  6. 6. 2007 - Le gaz et le pétrole ont satisfait 60% des besoins énergétique
  7. 7. Plus de 50% de l’énergie consommée dans la UE est importée</li></li></ul><li>La dépendance énergétique<br /><ul><li>L’UE importe plus de 50% de sa consommation énergétique
  8. 8. Ce chiffre pourrait attendre 70% dans 10 ou 20 ans
  9. 9. La Russie fournit 40% des importations du gaz et 33% des importations de pétrole
  10. 10. Des pays comme les pays baltes et la Slovaquie sont 100% dépendants de la Russie pour le gaz naturel
  11. 11. La Grèce, la République tchèque et l’Autriche sont plus de 70% dépendants de la Russie pour le gaz</li></li></ul><li>La dépendance énergétique<br />Source: http://www.energy.eu/#dependency<br />
  12. 12. Questions concernant la fiabilité de la Russie comme fournisseur<br />Les conflits entre Gazprom (Russie) et Neftogaz (Ukraine)<br />La demande domestique en Russie<br />La technologie qui transforme la gaz naturel en gaz naturel liquéfie (GNL)<br />Les actions militaires de la Russie en Ossétie du sud (Géorgie) en 2008<br />
  13. 13. L’Ossétie du sud<br />
  14. 14. Vidéo – Reportage de la crise de gaz entre la Russie et l’Ukraine - 2006<br /><ul><li>http://www.ina.fr/economie-et-societe/vie-economique/video/3000393001018/guerre-du-gaz-russie-ukraine-vengeance-de-moscou.fr.html</li></ul>Vidéo - Sénatrice belge parle de la dépendance énergétique de l’UE<br /><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=262vDfPj-9g&translated=1</li></li></ul><li>Les mesures pour aborder la dépendance énergétique<br /><ul><li>Un mécanisme de stockage
  15. 15. Système pour prévenir l’UE des interruptions
  16. 16. Intégration des marches d’électricité
  17. 17. Les sources d’énergie renouvelables (et l’énergie nucléaire)
  18. 18. Diversifier les sources du gaz et pétrole
  19. 19. Corridor gazier méridional</li></li></ul><li>Le nouveaux corridors gaziers<br />Source: http://www.energy.eu/#routes<br />
  20. 20. La réalité/conclusion<br /><ul><li>L’UE et la Russie sont interdépendants
  21. 21. 55% pourcent des exportations russes vont a l’UE
  22. 22. 45% pourcent des importations russes viennent de l’UE
  23. 23. L’UE aura besoin de gaz et pétrole dans l’immédiat
  24. 24. Il serait impossible d’éliminer la Russie complètement comme fournisseur
  25. 25. L’UE et la Russie doivent créer un partenariat</li></li></ul><li>Questions/Commentaires<br />
  26. 26. Vocabulaire<br /><ul><li>La politique énergétique – energy policy
  27. 27. Le gaz naturel – natural gas
  28. 28. Le pétrole – petroleum/oil
  29. 29. L’approvisionnement(m) – supply
  30. 30. L’économie sobre en carbone – low carbon economy
  31. 31. La consommation – consumption
  32. 32. L’importation(f) – import
  33. 33. Le chiffre – figure/data
  34. 34. Gazprom – Russian national natural gas company
  35. 35. Neftogaz – Ukrainian national natural gas company
  36. 36. Le gaz naturel liquéfie – liquified natural gas
  37. 37. Ossétie du sud – South Ossetia
  38. 38. Corridor gazier méridional – southern gas corridor</li></li></ul><li>Bibliographie<br />Bozon, I.,Campbell, W., Vahlenkamp, T. (2006). Europe and Russia : Charting an energy alliance. McKinsey Quarterly. Numéro 4. Accédé à Business Source Elite.<br /> <br />Charte européenne de l’énergie (p.d.). Accédé à Europa.eu: <br />http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/energy/external_dimension_enlargement/l27028_fr.htm<br /> <br />Conflits gaziers russo-ukrainiens (p.d.).Accédé à Wikipedia :<br />http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conflits_gaziers_russo-ukrainiens<br />Dettke, D. (2008). Russia and the EU : The Difficult Path to a New Partnership. European Affairs – A publication of the European Institute, Volume 9, Numéro 3. Accédé à Columbia International Affairs Online: Journals:<br />http://www.ciaonet.org/journals/ea/v9i3/05.html<br /> <br />UE-Russia Energy Relations (p.d.). Accédé à Europa.eu:<br />http://ec.europa.eu/energy/international/russia/russia_en.htm<br /> <br />Livre vert sur la sécurité d’approvisionnement énergétique (p.d.). Accédé à Europa.eu:<br />http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/energy/external_dimension_enlargement/l27037_fr.htm<br /> <br />Politique énergétique de l’Union européenne (p.d.) Accédé à Wikipedia :<br />http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politique_%C3%A9nerg%C3%A9tique_de_l%27Union_europ%C3%A9enne<br /> <br /> <br />
  39. 39. Bibliographie<br />Prévention et gestion des crises énergétiques : l’UE et la Russie renforcent le mécanisme d’alerter précoce (2009). Accédé à Europa.eu:<br />http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/09/1718&format=HTML&aged=0&language=FR&guiLanguage=en<br /> <br />Renewable Energy – What do we want to achieve (p.d.)? Accédé à Europa.eu:<br />http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/index_en.htm<br /> <br />Rowley, M. (2009). The Nabucco Pipeline Project – Gas Bridge to Europe? Pipeline and Gas Journal. Volume 9, p. 72.<br /> <br />Sécurité de l’approvisionnement en gaz naturel (2004). Accédé à Europa.eu:<br />http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/energy/external_dimension_enlargement/l27047_fr.htm<br /> <br />Stockages de pétrole brut et de produits pétroliers (à partir de 2012) (2009). Accédé à Europa.eu:<br />http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/energy/external_dimension_enlargement/en0006_fr.htm<br /> <br />Traité instituant la Communauté de l’énergie (p.d.). Accédé à Europa.eu:<br />http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/energy/external_dimension_enlargement/l27074_fr.htm<br /> <br />Un approvisionnement sur et durable (p.d.). Accédé à Europa.eu:<br />http://europa.eu/pol/ener/index_fr.htm<br />Une politique de l’énergie pour l’Europe (p.d.). Accédé à Europa.eu:<br />http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/energy/european_energy_policy/l27067_fr.htm<br />Images accédé à Google Images:<br />http://www.google.com<br />

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