Elementosgramaticalesdelaoracin 091120213020-phpapp02

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Elementosgramaticalesdelaoracin 091120213020-phpapp02

  1. 1. VOCABULARY. VOCABULARY. VOCABULARY. VOCABULARY. VOCABULARY.Las frutas: La familia: Algunas materias: SUPERMARKET:SUPERMERCADO Algunas comidas:APPLE: MANZANA. WIFE: ESPOSA. ENGLISH: INGLÉS. LIBRARY: PAPELERÍA FOOD: COMIDA.PEAR: PERA HUSBAND: ESPOSO. SPANISH: ESPAÑOL. BANK: BANCO. BREAKFAST: DESAYUNO.MELON: MELON. MOTHER: MADRE. HISTORY: HISTORIA. OFFICE: OFICINA LUNCH: ALMUERZO.GRAPE: UVA. FATHER: PADRE. GEOGRAPHY: GEOGRAFÍA. DINNER: CENA.LEMON: LIMÓN. CHILDREN: NIÑOS. BIOLOGY: BIOLOGÍA. Algunos deportes: CHEESE: QUESO.ORANGE: NARANJA. SISTER: HERMANA. MATH: MATEMATICA. SPORTS: DEPORTES. BREAD: PAN.PEACH: DURAZNO. BROTHER: HERMANO. CHEMESTRY: QUIMICA. VOLLEYBALL: VOLEIBOL. RICE: ARROZ. FOOTBALL: FUTBOL AMERICANOBANANA: CAMBUR. BABY: BEBE. PSYCHOLOGY: PSICOLOGÍA. SOCCER: BALON PIE, FUTBOL. SPAGHETTI: ESPAGUETI.PINEAPPLE: PIÑA. KID: NIÑO. PHILOSOPHY: FILOSOFÍA. BASEBALL: BEISBOL. MEAT: CARNE.MANGO: MANGO. GRANDMOTHER: ABUELA. SOCIOLOGY: SOCIOLOGÍA. SOFTBALL: SOFTBOL. CHICKEN: POLLO.STRAWBERRY: FRESA. GRANDFATHER: ABUELO. BASKETBALL: BALONCESTO. TURKEY: PAVO.RASPBERRY: FRAMBUESA. GRANDCHILDREN: NIETOS. Profesiones: SWIMMING: NATACIÓN. HAM: JAMON.BLACKBERRY: MORA. COUSIN: PRIMO (A). SECRETARY: SECRETARIA TENNIS: TENIS. EGG: HUEVO.WATERMELON: PATILLA. NIECE: SOBRINA. DOCTOR: DOCTOR. BOXING: BOXEO. PIZZA: PIZZA.TANGERINE: MANDARINA. NEPHEW: SOBRINO. NURSE: ENFERMERA. SACK RACE: CARRERA EN SACO. HOT DOG: PERRO CALIENTE.FIG: HIGO. AUNT: TIA. ACTOR: ACTOR. CHESS: AJEDEREZ. HAMBURGER: HAMBURGUESA. ACTRESS: ACTRIZ. CHECKERS: DAMAS.GUABA: GUAYABA. UNCLE: TIO. BOWLING: BOLICHE CANDIES: DULCES. MECHANIC: MECANICO. PARACHUTING: PARACAIDISMO. COOKIES. GALLETAS.La casa: Objetos escolares PILOT: PILOTO. SCUBA-DIVING: BUCEO(BOMBONA)HOUSE: CASA. PEN: BOLIGRAFO. STUDENT: ESTUDIANTE. SURFING: SURFEO Algunas bebidas:SHEET: SABANA. PENCIL: LAPIZ. TEACHER: PROFESOR (A). SNORKELING:BUCEO(CARETA) WATER: AGUA.WALL: PARED. MECHANICAL – PEN: PORTAMINAS. NUN: MONJA. SKIING: ESQUIAR MILK: LECHEFLOOR: PISO SHARPENER: SACAPUNTAS. PRIEST: CURA, SACERDOTE. CLIMBING: ALPINISMO JUICE: JUGO.BED: CAMA. DESK: PUPITRE. FRIEND: AMIGO. COFFEE: CAFÉ.TABLE: MESA. ERASER: BORRADOR. DRIVER: CONDUCTOR, CHOFER. Animales: TEA: TÉ.SOFA: SOFA. BOOK: LIBRO. PLAYER: JUGADOR. HORSE: CABALLO. SODA. SODA.CHAIR. SILLA. BOOKCASE: BIBLIOTECA. WORKER: OBRERO. HEN: GALLINA. BEER: CERVEZA.LAMP: LAMPARA NOTEBOOK: CUADERNO. SELLER: VENDEDOR. COW: VACA. WINE: VINO.CURTAIN: CORTINA. RULER: REGLA. FIREMAN: BOMBERO. OX: BUEY. COKE: COCACOLA (REFRESCO). BOARD: PIZARRA. BUSINESSMAN: COMERCIANTE. PIG: CERDO.Objetos Importantes: CHALK: TIZA. ECONOMIST: ECONOMISTA. MOUSE: RATON. La ropa:MONEY: DINERO. COMPUTER: COMPUTADORA. ACCOUNTANT: ADMINISTRADOR. FISH: PESCADO. CLOTHES: ROPA.GAME: JUEGO. CLASSROOM: SALON DE CLASE. MANAGER: GERENTE. DUCK. PATO. PANT: PANTALON.BUS: AUTOBUS SCHOOL BAG: MORRAL CHICKEN: POLLO. DRESS: VESTIDO.MUSIC: MUSICA. HOMEWORK: TAREA. Lugares: MOOSE: ALCE. BLOUSE: BLUSA.FAN: VENTILADOR. EXAM: EXAMEN. SCHOOL: ESCUELA ANTILOPE: ANTÍLOPE. SOCK: MEDIA.T.V: TELEVISOR CLASSMATE: COMPAÑERO DE CLASE. HOSPITAL: HOSPITAL TIGER: TIGRE. SKIRT: FALDA.RADIO: RADIO BASKET: PAPELERA CHURCH: IGLESIA. WHALE: BALLENA. SHIRT: CAMISA.BIKE: BICICLETA. CALCULATOR: CALCULADORA. MOVIE: CINE. ZEBRA: CEBRA. SHOES: ZAPATOS.KNIFE: CUCHILLO. PAPER: PAPEL. PARTY: FIESTA. WOLF: LOBO. TIE: CORBATA.NAPKIN: SERVILLETA. CLASS: CLASE. BEACH: PLAYA FROG: SAPO. PAJAMAS: PIJAMAS.PLATE: PLATO. LESSON: LECCIÓN. PARK: PARQUE. SEAL: FOCA. JACKET: CHAQUETA.FORK: TENEDOR. GUIDE: GUIA. RESTAURANT: RESTAURANTE. OWL: BUHO. SANDALS: SANDALIAS.
  2. 2. PRONOMBRES PERSONALES. “Se utilizan generalmente como sujetos en la oración, sustituyen al nombre”.• I = Yo.• YOU = Tu o UD.• HE = El.• SHE = Ella.• IT =Este o Esta, (Se usa con animales, cosas, lugares u objetos).• WE= Nosotros (as).• YOU= Ustedes.• THEY= Ellos (as).PRONOMBRES POSESIVOS. “Estos indican una posesión y se usan de acuerdo a la persona que habla”.• MINE = Mío, Mía, Míos, Mías.• YOURS = Tuyo, Tuya, Tuyos, Tuyas.• HIS = Suyo, Suya, Suyos Suyas. (Se usa solo para el género masculino singular).• HERS = Suyo, Suya, Suyos Suyas. (Se usa solo para el género femenino singular).• ITS = Suyo, Suya, Suyos Suyas. (Se usa solo para el animal, la casa, el lugar u objeto).• OURS = Nuestro, Nuestra, Nuestros, Nuestras.• YOURS = Suyo, Suya, Suyos Suyas.• THEIRS = Suyo, Suya, Suyos Suyas.PRONOMBRES COMPLEMENTARIOS U OBJETIVOS. “Estos pronombres sirven de complemento al verbo que se usa”.• ME = A mi, Me.• YOU = A ti, Te.• HIM = A el, Le.• HER = A ella, Le.• IT = LE, LO (Se usa con animales, cosas, lugares u objetos).• US = A nosotros, Nos.• YOU = A ustedes, Les, Los.• THEM = A ellos, Les, Los, Las.PRONOMBRES REFLEXIVOS. “Se usan cuando el sujeto y el objeto del verbo son la misma persona y paraenfatizar que alguien hizo algo por si mismo”• MYSELF = Yo Mismo.• YUORSELF = Tu Mismo. Nótese que los pronombres• HIMSELF = El Mismo. singulares llevan el sufijo• HERSELF = Ella Misma. (self), mientras que los• ITSELF = Esto Mismo. (Se usa con animales, cosas, lugares u objetos). plurales usan el sufijo• OURSELVES = Nosotros Mismos. (selves)• YOURSELVES = Ustedes Mismos.• THEMSELVES = Ellos Mismos.ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS. “Indican que alguien posee algo y siempre se ADJETIVOS DEMOSTRATIVOS. ubican delante de un sustantivo”.• MY = MI, Mis. THIS = Este, Esta.• YOUR = Tu, Tus. THAT = Ese, Esa, Eso.• HIS = Su, Sus. (Se usa solo para el género masculino singular). THESE = Estos, Estas.• HER = Su, Sus. (Se usa solo para el género femenino singular). THOSE = Esas, Esos.• ITS = Su, Sus. (Se usa solo para animales, cosas, lugares u objetos).• OUR = Nuestro (a), Nuestros (as).• YOUR = Su, Sus.
  3. 3. • THEIR = Su, Sus.Una buena forma de aprender los verbos en inglés es a través de su similitud en la escritura, vea los ejemplos: Grupo 1. Grupo 2. Present Past. Past participle. Meaning Present Past. Past participle. Meaning To begin. Began. Begun. Comenzar. To speak Spoke Spoken Hablar. To drink. Drank. Drunk. Beber. To steal stole Stolen Hurtar. To sing. Sang. Sung. Cantar. To break Broke Broken Quebrar. To sink. Sank. Sunk. Hundir (se). To wake Woke Woken Despertar. To siwm. Swam. Swum. Nadar. To choose Chose Chosen Escoger. To ring. Rang. Rung. Repicar. To freeze Froze Frozen Congelar. To run. Ran. Run. Correr. Grupo 4. Grupo 3. Present Past. Past participle. Meaning Present Past. Past participle. Meaning To know Knew. Known. Saber. To write Wrote Written Escribir. To blow Blew. Blown. Soplar. To drive Drove Driven Manejar. To grow Grew. Grown. Crecer. To ride Rode Ridden Montar. To throw Threw. Thrown. Lanzar. To rise Rose Risen Ascender. To draw Drew. Drawn Dibujar. To fly Flew. Flown Volar. Grupo 5. Present Past. Past participle. Meaning Grupo 6. To bring Brought Brought Traer. To buy Bought Bought Comprar. Present Past. Past participle. Meaning To think Thought Thought Pensar. To sleep Slet Slet Dormir. To fight Fought Fought Pelear. To feel Felt Felt Sentir. To seek Sought Sought Buscar. To keep Kept Kept Mantener. To teach Taught Taught Enseñar. To meet Met Met Conocer. To catch Caught Caught Atrapar. To sweep Swept Swept Barrer. To weep Wept Wept Gemir. To creep Crept Crept Gatear. To leave Left Left Salir-Dejar. To spell Spelt Spelt Deletrear. To smell Smelt Smelt Oler. To kneel Knelt Knelt Arrollidarse. To send Sent Sent Enviar. To spend Spent Spent Gastar. To lend Lent Lent Prestar. To bend Bent Bent Doblar. To mean meant meant Significar. To learn Learnt Learnt Aprender. To dream Dreamt Dreamt Soñar. To build Built Built Construir. To spill Spilt Spilt Derramar. To deal Dealt Dealt Tratar.
  4. 4. Present Past. Past participle. MeaningTo take took Taken Coger.To shake Shook Shaken Sacudir.To get Got Gotten Obtener.To forget Forgot Forgotten Olvidar.To give Gave Given Dar.To forgive Forgave Forgiven PerdonarTo forbid Forbad forbidden Prohibir.To come Came Come VenirTo become Became Become Llegar a ser.To hide Hid Hidden Esconderse.To bite Bit Bitten Morder.To do Did Done Hacer.To go Went Gone Ir.To eat Ate Eaten ComerTo fall Fell Fallen Caerse.To say Said Said Decir.To pay Paid Paid Pagar.To lay Laid Laid Tender.To sell Sold Sold Vender.To tell Told told Decir.To win Won Won Ganar.To shine Shone Shone Brillar.To lose Lost Lost Perder.To Shoot Shot Shot Disparar.To find Found Found Encontrar.To grind Ground Ground Moler.To bind Bound Bound AmarrarTo wear Wore Worn Llevar puestoTo tear Tore Torn Desgarrar.To swear Swore Sworn Jurar.To Bear Bore Born Dar a luz. LISTA DE VERBOS REGULARES. PRESENTE. PASADO Y PARTICIPIO SIGNIFICADO ARRIVE ARRIVED LLEGAR. AGREE AGREED ESTAR DE ACUERDO/ ACORDAR BELIEVE BELIEVED CREER CALL CALLED LLAMAR CARE CARED CUIDAR CLEAN CLEANED LIMPIAR CLOSE CLOSED CERRAR CRASH CRASHED CHOCAR / ESTRELLARSE CHANGE CHANGED CAMBIAR ENJOY ENJOYED DISFRUTAR EXPECT EXPECTED ESPERAR EXPLAIN EXPLAINED EXPLICAR FAIL FAILED FRACASAR / FALLAR FASTEN FASTENED ABROCHAR / ATAR FILE FILED ARCHIVAR / CLASIFICAR FILL FILLED LLENAR FIRE FIRED DISPARAR / INCENDIAR / DESPEDIR FOLLOW FOLLOWED SEGUIR FRY FRIED FREIR FINISH FINISHED TERMINAR FISH FISHED PESCAR HATE HATED ODIAR HIRE HIRED CONTRATAR
  5. 5. HOPE HOPED ESPERAR INVITE INVITED INVITAR LIKE LIKED GUSTAR LISTEN LISTENED ESCUCHAR LIVE LIVED VIVIR LOOK LOOKED MIRAR NEED NEEDED NECESITAR OPEN OPENED ABRIR PLAY PLAYED JUGAR PLAN PLANNED PLANEAR. PRACTICE PRACTICED PRACTICAR PREPARE PREPARED PREPARAR REQUIRE REQUIRED NECESITAR / REQUERIR RESERVE RESERVED RESERVAR / GUARDAR REALICE REALIZED DARSE CUENTA / RECONOCER RECEIVE RECEIVE RECIBIR RESOLVE RESOLVED RESOLVER / SOLUCIONAR RETURN RETURNED DEVOLVER / REGRESAR SMOKE SMOKED FUMAR. START STARTED EMPEZAR STUDY STUDIED ESTUDIAR. SUPPOSE SUPPOSED SUPONER TRAVEL TRAVELED/TRAVELLED VIAJAR TRY TRIED TRATAR / INTENTAR VISIT VISITED VISITAR WAIT WAITED ESPERAR WALK WALKED CAMINAR WANT WANTED QUERER WATCH WATCHED OBSERVAR WASH WASHED LAVAR WISH WISHED DESEAR WORK WORKED TRABAJAR ADVERBIO:El adverbio es una palabra invariable dentro de la oración que se usa para modificar el significado de un verbo,adjetivo, u otro adverbio. TIPOS DE ADVERBIOS:1. ADVERBIOS DE MODO: Estos adverbios se forman normalmente añadiendo “LY” a la palabra raíz. Además se colocan normalmente después de un verbo; EJP: Peter sings beautifully; I work hard; o después de un complemento; EJP: She speaks French well; They can speak English fast.2. ADVERBIOS DE LUGAR: Estos adverbios por lo general, se colocan detrás del verbo o del complemento directo si lo hubiese. EJP: Come here, peter lives near, They attacked me from behind. Pero WHERE siempre se coloca al principio de una frase interrogativa.3. ADVERBIOS DE TIEMPO: Estos adverbios se colocan normalmente al final de una oración o frase. EJP: The children are at school now, I’m not coming tomorrow, Peter is still in bed, She gets up early. Pero WHEN siempre se coloca al principio de una frase interrogativa.4. ADVERBIOS DE CANTIDAD: Estos adverbios modifican al adjetivo o adverbio que le siguen. EJP. He is a little better today, It is too hot.5. ADVERBIOS DE NEGACIÓN: EJP: I never smoke, We have no money.
  6. 6. 6. ADVERBIOS DE AFIRMACIÓN: EJP: I am spanish, He is Spanish too; I need some paper and also I need some ink; She speaks English and French as well.7. ADVERBIOS DE FRECUENCIA: Ellos normalmente van antes del verbo principal pero después del verbo TOBE. Ex. My mom always gets up late on Saturdays, - I sometimes stay at home at nights. - He usually has lunch at home.8. EXPRESIONES ADVERBIALES: Once a month, Twice a week, Three times a day, Four times a year, From timeto time, every day. Ellos normalmente van al final de la oración.MODO LUGAR TIEMPO CANTIDAD NEGACIÓN AFIRMACIÓN FRECUENCIAQuickly, Far, Today, Little, No, Yes, Always,Fast, Where, Now, Much, Never, Also, Usually,Well, There, Soon, Enough, Not, Too, Often,Badly, Here, Still, Quite, Not at all Certainly Sometimes,Hard, Up, Yet, Rather, Sure occasionally,Slowly, Down, Early, Too. Never,Happily, Behind, Afterwards, Seldom,Carefully Near, Late, Frequently, Nowhere Ago, Generally. Then,
  7. 7. ADJECTIVES. 46. FULL: __________________ 101. TIRING: _______________1. TALL:__________________ 47. EMPTY: ________________ 102. FRIGHTENING: _________ _ 48. EXPENSIVE: ____________ 103. FUNNY: _______________2. SHORT: 49. CHEAP: ________________ 104. TOLERANT: ___________ _________________ 50. INEXPENSIVE: __________ 105. BRIGHT: ______________3. LONG: 51. FANCY: ________________ 106. CHARMING: ___________ __________________ 52. PLAIN: _________________ 107. DELIGHTFUL: _________4. LARGE: 53. SHINY: _________________ 108. DELIGHTED: ___________ _________________ 54. DULL: _________________ 109. ENLIGHTENING: ________5. BIG: 55. SHARP: ________________ 110. ENLIGHTENED: ________ ____________________ 56. TIRED: _________________ 111. UNDERSTANDING: _____6. SMALL: 57. SICK: __________________ 112. STRESSED: ___________ _________________ 58. DISAPPOINTED: _________ 113: MYSTERIOUS: _________7. LITTLE: 59. DISAPPOINTING: ________ 114: MYSTIFIED: ___________ _________________ 60. UPSET: ________________ 115: HORRIBLE: ____________8. HIGH: 61. ANNOYED: _____________ 116. STUDIOUS: ____________ __________________ 62. ANNOYING: ____________ 117. ILL: __________________9. LOW: 63. ANGRY: ________________ 118. COMFORTABLE: _______ ___________________ 64. MAD: __________________ 119: ROTTEN: ______________10. HEAVY: ________________ 65. FRUSTRATED: __________ 120. AWFUL: _______________11. FAT: ___________________ 66. EXASPERATED: _________ 121. SQUARE: _____________12. THIN: __________________ 67. DISCOURAGED: _________ 122. OVAL: ________________13. SKINNY: _______________ 68. DISCOURAGING: ________ 123. ROUND: _______________14. LIGHT: _________________ 69.DISCOURTEOUS: ________ 124. WOODEN: _____________15. FAST: _________________ 70. UNSATISFIED: __________ 125. SLIM: _________________16. SLOW: _________________ 71. DISGUSTED: ____________ 126. JOYFUL: ______________17. STRAIGHT: _____________ 72. DISGUSTERING: ________ 127. ALIVE: ________________18. CROOKED: _____________ 73. DISHEARTENING: _______ 128. ALONE: _______________19: CURLY: ________________ 74. DISHEVELLED: __________ 129. FRIENDLY: ____________20. WIDE: _________________ 75. DISHONEST: ____________ 130. GENEROUS: ___________21. NARROW: ______________ 76. WORRIED: _____________ 131. PREHISTORIC: _________22. THICK: _________________ 77. SCARED: _______________ 132. ENGLISH: _____________23. DARK: _________________ 78. AFRAID: _______________ 133. AMERICAN: ___________24. WOOLEN: ______________ 79. BORED: ________________ 134. GERMAN: _____________25. NEW: __________________ 80. PROUD: ________________ 135. FRENCH: ______________26. OLD: __________________ 81. EMBARRASSED: ________ 136. CANADIAN: ____________27. YOUNG: ________________ 82. EMBARRASSING: _______ 137. CHINESE: _____________28. SOFT: _________________ 83. PAINFUL: ______________ 138. JAPANESE: ___________29. HARD: _________________ 84. ASHAMED: _____________ 139. PORTUGUESE: _________30. EASY: _________________ 85. HUMILIATED: ___________ 140. AUSTRALIAN: _________31. DIFFICULT: _____________ 86. HUMILIATING: __________ 141. AFRICAN: _____________32. SMOOTH: ______________ 87. JEALOUS: ______________ 142. VENEZUELAN: _________33. ROUGH: _______________ 88. CONFUSED: ____________ 143. SCOTCH: ______________34. DIRTY: _________________ 89. BUSY: _________________ 144. COLOMBIAN: __________35. NOISY: _________________ 90. LOVELY: _______________ 145. PERUVIAN: ____________36. CLEAN: ________________ 91. EXCITED: ______________ 146. BOLIVIAN: _____________37. LOUD: _________________ 92. FASCINATED: ___________ 147. ARGENTINIAN: _________38. QUIET: _________________ 93. INTRIGUED: ____________ 148. BRAZILIAN: ___________39. MARRIED: ______________ 94. SURPRISED: ____________ 149. ECUADORIAN: _________40. SINGLE: _______________ 95: INTERESTING: __________ 150. BLACK: _______________41. RICH: __________________ 96. MOTIVATING: ___________ 151. WHITE: _______________42. POOR: _________________ 97. ENCOURAGING: ________ 152. GREEN: _______________43. WEALTHY: _____________ 98. CONFUSING: ___________ 153. ORANGE: _____________44. WET: __________________ 99. BORING: _______________ 154. PINK: _________________45. DRY: __________________ 100. EXCITING: _____________ 155. YELLOW: _____________
  8. 8. 156. BLUE: ________________157. GRAY: ________________158. RED: _________________159. SILVER: _______________160. GOLD: ________________161. BROWN: ______________

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