Atlantic wars and revolutions


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Atlantic wars and revolutions

  1. 1. Atlantic Wars and Revolutions<br />By Jeffrey Phongsamran<br />
  2. 2. 13. Revolution - Dominion<br />The crown of England wanted to reduce England to obedience. He eventually disbanded the colonies into a super colony known as the Dominion of New England. <br />The Dominion demanded unprecedented levels of taxation.<br />The colonist were shock at the regime of the Dominion, the reorganization of the courts and militias did not bode well for the rights of defendants.<br />The governor-general was determined to defund Puritanism, he forbad the Puritan clergy from drawing their salaries from the town taxes.<br />
  3. 3. 13. Revolution – Glorious Revolutions<br />King James alarmed the Protestant Majority by ruling arbitrarily and favoring his Catholics.<br />William, the Dutch Prince of Orange, saw an opportunity to seize the crown for himself. <br />William’s English supporters, known as the Whigs, called the transfer of power a “Glorious Revolution”.<br />When news of the Revolution reached the colonies, Dominion officials attempted to suppress it. <br />Massachusetts, New York, Maryland hosted successful uprisings against the Dominion.<br />
  4. 4. 13. Revolution – Colonial & Indian War<br />Because of the nine year war, few English troops were sent to the colonies.<br />Despite numerical superiority, the English colonist suffered repeated defeats from New France’s royal troops, militia, and Indians. <br />After peace with the French and English, the Iroquois still remained at war.<br />They eventually became Neutral, but it did not bring universal peace to Iroquoia.<br />
  5. 5. 13. Revolution - Pirates<br />Enhanced in power and ambition, the British turned against piracy that had been a source British income during weaker times.<br />As the British navy began to rule the seas and Spanish trade on the decline, pirates began to attack any ship regardless of country.<br />During the war with France, British began to suppress piracy in distance waters. <br />The war of the Spanish Succession suspended the suppression of pirates because they needed all available sailors. <br />By the 1730’s, the seas belonged to the empires and to respectable merchants.<br />
  6. 6. 18. Imperial Wars and Crisis – Balance of Power<br />Savvy imperialist recognized that Indians determined the military balance of power in North America.<br />Indian’s skill in guerrilla warfare could dominate forest passages.<br />Both French and English empires tried to gain Iroquois friendship. <br />By mid-eighteenth century, British were growing more numerous and becoming more powerful than the French. The English began to behave arrogantly towards Indian neighbors.<br />Indians faced a greater threat of settler invasion from the aggressive English than from the few and more generous French.<br />
  7. 7. 18. Imperial Wars and Crisis – The Seven Years War<br />The imperial war for North America erupted in 1754.<br />British forces ran into many ambushes because they lacked the Indian allies to supply scouts and partisans for forest warefar.<br /><ul><li>The embarrassing military setbacks brought to power a new and more competent administration headed by William Pitt.
  8. 8. For the North America campaign, British employed 45,000 troops against New Frances 6,800 regulars and 2,700 provisionals.</li></li></ul><li>Blah blahblah<br />