American film industry


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American film industry

  1. 1. The American Film Industry<br />Lesson Objectives: To be aware of the historical development of the American film industry, and the contemporary structure of the industry.<br />
  2. 2. Hollywood Studios<br />How many logos for Hollywood studios can you recognise?<br />
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  13. 13. The Origins of the American Film Industry<br />The origins and development of the American film industry are the period from 1895 to 1930.<br />During this time the emerging industry developed into an important popular medium, organised into clearly defined exhibition, production, and distribution elements.<br />
  14. 14. The Studio Era<br />The period from 1930 to 1949 in American film is known as the Studio Era.<br />By 1930 the American film industry was dominated by five companies known as the ‘Majors’ or the ‘Big Five.<br />
  15. 15. The Big Five<br />
  16. 16. Vertical Integration<br />All of the Big Five studios were vertically integrated.<br />Vertical integration – where a company is organised so that it oversees a product from the planning/development stage, through production, to marketing, and distribution, through to the consumer.<br />
  17. 17. Vertical Integration<br />During the studio era the Big Five owned the production studios, the distribution companies, and most of the cinemas in the US.<br />Production Studio<br />Distribution<br />Cinemas<br />
  18. 18. The End of the Studio Era<br />In 1949 the major studios were forced to sell off the cinema chains that they owned by the US government, after a court ruling that their practices were monopolistic. <br />The American film industry declined further in the 1950s due to the rise of television.<br />It wasn’t until the late 1980s that Hollywood studios fully recovered.<br />
  19. 19. The Contemporary American Film Industry<br />The American film industry is now dominated by six major film companies.<br />The contemporary Big Six account for nearly 90% of the North American film market.<br />All of these companies are subsidiaries of major media conglomerates.<br />
  20. 20. The Big Six<br />Who do you think are the Big Six film studios in the contemporary American film industry?<br />Major Studio Subsidiaries<br />Warner Bros Pictures<br />20th Century Fox<br />Paramount Pictures<br />Columbia Pictures<br />Walt Disney/Touchstone Pictures<br />Universal Studios<br />
  21. 21. Ownership<br />Do you know which conglomerate owns which film studio?<br />
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  23. 23. Related Division and Brands<br />Match the following subsidiary companies to their parent company.<br />New Line Cinema, HBO, Castle Rock Entertainment, Turner Entertainment, Warner Bros. Entertainment<br />Universal Animation Studios <br />Pixar Animation Studios, Hollywood Pictures. Marvel Studios<br />20th Century Fox Animation<br />Nickelodeon Movies, MTV Films<br />TriStar Pictures, Destination Films<br />
  24. 24. Market<br />Which of the Majors do you think is the most successful.<br />Rank the studio’s market share:<br />20%<br />16%<br />14%<br />14%<br />12%<br />10%<br />
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  26. 26. Timeline<br />Create a timeline identifying key stages in the American film industry.<br />