Josh PetrusaAssoc. Dean for Technical Services Butler University ILF, Noblesville, IN August 7, 2012
What‘s that got to dowith…?Patron-Driven Acquisition (PDA): “any system whereby documents are acquired by the library in response to patrons direct requests or selections, rather than in response to librarians speculations about which specific documents patrons are going to need” Rick Anderson, University of Utahhttp://www.alaeditions.org/blog/181/patron-driven-acquisition-rick- anderson-answers-your-questions
Why is this important? Relevancy Patron demands Limits of traditional collection development What is the purpose of our collection?
Is it new? Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/duncan/1991588954/
―While most librarians seriously considered users‘ requests for specific titles… in general librarians selected the vast majority of titles. To borrow a term from industry, librarians historically built collections on the ‗just in case‘ inventory model.Nixon, Judith, Robert Freeman, and Suzanne Ward . "Patron-Driven Acquisitions: An Introduction and Literature Review." Collection Management. 35. (2010): 119-124.
―Is Selection Dead? The Rise ofCollection Management and theTwilight of Selection,‖ ALCTS/Collection Management & Development Section (CMDS) at ALA‘s 2011 Midwinter Conference
Anderson on Collections ―Recently and quite suddenly, this fundamental reality of the information world has changed. Now, the documents that our patrons need are very frequently available in digital formats that make them easy to find and make near-instantaneous acquisition of them possible for the first time in human history... At the same time, library acquisition budgets are under unprecedented pressure. These two facts should lead us to rethink our traditional collection-building practices at a pretty radical level.‖http://www.against-the-grain.com/2011/05/v-23-2-is-selection-dead-the-rise-of-collection-management-and-the-twilight-of-selection/
"Patron-Driven Acquisition: RadicallyRethinking the Collection― – ALAEditions http://www.alaeditions.org/blog/180/contin uing-conversation-patron-driven- acquisition-radically-re-thinking- collection-session- http://www.alaeditions.org/blog/181/patro n-driven-acquisition-rick-anderson- answers-your-questions http://www.alaeditions.org/blog/176/patro n-driven-acquisitions-readingsImage by hindsl at www.flickr.com/photos/55688631@N03/5375140845/
―Patron-Driven Acquisition and theEducational Mission of the AcademicLibrary‖ ―Failure to distinguish between students‘ immediate desires and their long-term educational needs Failure to make full use of librarians‘ knowledge and expertise Failure to represent the full range of library stakeholders, such as future students and faculty Systematic and idiosyncratic biases in selection Potential overspending and associated budgetary problems Cataloging issues that may impede information discovery‖ Walters, W.H. Library Resources & Technical Services 56(3) 2012, 199-213
How can PDA work? Where do patrons discover items? Are available items pre-selected/screened? Are the purchase requests mediated? Are items rented or purchased? Can the user tell the difference How will payment/fund accounting work for the user and the library? What can the user do with purchased items? What does this mean for ownership/preservation?
Case study: Norwich Univ. Previous institution Private military college Online Graduate programs Also moving into web- scale discovery, management systems Budget issues http://norwich.typepad.com/wickpics/2011/02/a- absorbed by book line beautiful-day-for-a-hike-on-paine-mountain.html
Ebook Library (EBL)www.eblib.com Good selection of academic content Short –term loans (rental option) Downloading available Mediated vs Non-Mediated option MARC in OCLC; decent interface Usage terms for ownership titles Integration with Ezproxy for authentication
Discovery - How will patronsfind? Local MARC or direct to vendor interface? LOTS of data OCLC WMS in 2011
Pre-selection? Available in EBL‘s admin Pre-selection also now happening via OCLC WMS admin (Ebrary‘s PDA admin shown)
Mediation Mediation – do requests need to be approved? Time/price negotiation Email? Direct Purchase? Norwich has moved to an automatic 7 day loan when one is requested
The money stuff Short term loans/rentals – cost savings of % from full price purchase Move to purchase on the fourth 7 day loan of an item (less than 2% of activity) Originally intended for online students, on-campus use has increased, now 50- 50 with distance Expect to spend $25,000 this year, funding from various budget lines
Guide created by Heidi Steiner, Distance Learning Librarian, Norwich University
Success at Norwich? Increased on-campus use Increase in total usage Complement to declining book budget Students silently happy?
Ebrary‘s 2011 Global StudentEbook survey, compared with‗08Key findings of the survey of more than 6,500 students include the following:• E-book usage and awareness have not increased significantly in 2011 over 2008• Preference for printed books over electronic books has not changed: Both are still equally important• The vast majority of students would choose electronic over print if it were available and if better tools along with fewer restrictions were offeredhttp://www.ebrary.com/corp/newspdf/ebrary_2011_Student_Survey.pdf
―Tools and Restrictions‖ DRM – Adobe? Epub? Downloading available for MY device? Publishers in the way? Ebrary announces downloading; Wayne Bivens-Tatum blogs the 18 Easy Steps (at http://bit.ly/tpeHHr) About those devices…
“If it were available” Ebooks available as PDA have changed the game. We will still pre-select and buy print books (just in case & preservation) Library no longer the only place to discover information Patrons are connected to data without us; we need to insert the library into their workflow
Usage Study – Quality? Does PDA allow unwanted content? Ebook Library (EBL) PDA at 5 schools PDA titles used twice as often as librarian selected ebooks PDA ebooks saw more users per title than pre-selected ebooks PDA collection had fewer ―no use‖ titles than pre-selectedJ. McDonald and J. Price, ―Beguiled by Bananas‖, CharlestonConference 2009 http://bit.ly/u04u9y
Getting It System Toolkit(GIST) Developed at SUNY Geneseo Add-on for ILLiad Enables user requests to become loans or purchases Improved patron interface Integrations with WorldCat API, Google Books, HathiTrusthttp://gettingitsystemtoolkit.wordpress.com/about/
DRMinator―Ultimately, we know what our users want in ebooks:the same freedom they have with electronicjournals. Most publisher platforms provide thisfreedom—aggregator platforms don‘t. The questionat hand then is: should libraries be forced to choosebetween broad, sophisticated, effective patrondriven acquisition systems uniquely provided byaggregators and DRM-free ebooks uniquely providedby publishers‖Price, J.S. (2011) Patron driven acquisition of publisher-hosted content:Bypassing DRM. Against the Grain 23(3):16-18
More from Anderson ―The purpose of a collection is not to be a wonderful collection; the purpose of a collection is to meet the information needs of library users. If it is now possible to meet those needs by means other than traditional collection-building (perhaps by means of patron-driven, just-in-time acquisition), and if budget cuts increase the opportunity cost of every dollar spent on a book, then don‘t we have a professional duty to explore those other means? ‖http://www.against-the-grain.com/2011/05/v-23-2-is-selection-dead-the-rise-of-collection-management-and-the-twilight-of-selection/
What‘s stopping us? Traditional collection philosophy Catalogs/systems that don‘t support information about non-owned items Reluctance to support multiple unfamiliar devices we don‘t own
Thank YouJosh Petrusajpetrusa@butler.eduHAL 9000 in the library clip athttp://youtu.be/WG2xeJ2j5OEPresentation athttp://slidesha.re/uZeQH4