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Narrative frameworks


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Narrative frameworks

  1. 1. Produced by: James Perfect Idea by: James Perfect & Tom Smith
  2. 2. The short film begins with the main character, a teenager lying asleep in bed the door bell rings, sohe decides to go downstairs and see who it is. He opens the door to unveil a wrapped-box but no-one insight apart from the post man across the street, he’s glances around but see’s no-one. After opening the box, there is a stopwatch and a note next to it saying “use with care” , hepicks up the stop watch and starts to fiddle with it unknown of its power (the stopwatch is able tofast forward, rewind and stop time).He presses a button and everything freezes, insight a car freezes driving along the street he isamazed by the stopwatch. So he decides to venture into the living room where his brother is sittingdown watching TV, he asks his brother what he is watching, there is a disagreement between thetwo so he stops time and takes the remote. After resuming time he changes the channel and thetwo start fighting, at this point we see the postman at the opposite side of the street, he too has awatch in his hand as well as another box to be delivered. The post man stops time with his watchand realises he has mistakenly delivered the wrong package to the lad.The post man uses his stopwatch to rewind time and at this point the film rewinds to the startpoint. Here the start is repeated as the lad walks downstairs to find a package, this time in thepackage is a video game entitled (the name of the film) with the image of a postman on. The ladstops and thinks. The camera then shows the postman delivering the correct package to anotherhouse further down the street.
  3. 3. This idea begins with the shot of the post man delivering both post and parcels, healready posses a stop watch and is able to stop time. As he steps off the kerb he sees anoncoming car just meters away from him, he stops time and walks across the road safelyto deliver a package. At the next house he drops off a parcel in the shape of a box.A lad answers the door and takes the parcel inside, it’s his 17th birthday and is expectinga new video game that is uncle proposed to buy him for his birthday. He isquite disappointed when he finds an old stopwatch. He begins to tamper with thestopwatch and mis-abuses its power to play pranks on his brother, after fiddling withthe stopwatch it malfunctions and time is sent in reverse towards the past, 3 yearsbackwards (so that it is his 14th birthday).He awakes goes downstairs and finds a parcel by the front door (after hearing thedoorbell ring). Inside the box is a stopwatch, he picks up the stopwatch and hits the fastforward button, unknowing. The film then flashes back to the post man delivering theparcels again, however this time the post man delivers the video game that his unclehas in fact sent and the stopwatch is delivered elsewhere.
  4. 4. The short film begins with the main character, a teenager lying asleep in bed the door bell rings, sohe decides to go downstairs and see who it is. As he gets downstairs his brother is having breakfastand he opens the door to unveil a wrapped-box but no-one insight apart from the post man acrossthe street, he’s glances around but see’s no-one. After opening the box, there is a stopwatch and anote next to it saying “Use with care, but never rewind time” , he picks up the stop watch andstarts to fiddle with it unknown of its power (the stopwatch is able to fast forward, rewind and stoptime).He presses a button and everything freezes, a close up of the clock on the wall stops, as he turns totalk to his brother about the powers of the stop watch he realises that the stop watch froze timeand everything not touching the watch. He resumes time and tells his brother about the powers ofthe stop watch. His brother doesn’t believe the watches capabilities, therefore he shows hisbrother by allowing him to both hold the watch while he stopped time.His brother is amazed by the capabilities of the watch and says “what shall we do with it?”. Thebrother takes a deep stare into the stopwatch while ignoring his brother talking and begins fiddlingwith time, he then accidently hits the rewind button sending him back into time without his theMain character. The main character is then lying asleep in bed the door bell rings, so he decides togo downstairs and see who it is. As he gets downstairs he remembers the occurrence, and hisbrother is no-where to be found.
  5. 5. • Todorovs NarrativeTodorovs narrative can be applied to our short film ideas hence the plot has the 5 distinct stages(3 main stages) that are needed to fulfil his theory. The short film begins with a state ofequilibrium, the postman is delivering post as usual. As he approaches a house he delivers thewrong package, this is the dis-equilibrium. There is then a disruption where the postmanrealises he has delivered the wrong package (later on in the plot). He then realises this when hesee’s the stopwatch in the boys possession and has to rewind time (an attempt to repair thedisruption). The short film then rewinds to the beginning and all is restored. This is the new-equilibrium, however a change in the fact that, the boy this time receives the correct parcel oras in idea 3 he looses his brother.• Classical Hollywood NarrativeThe classical Hollywood narrative can also be applied to our short film framework ideas. All 3ideas revolve around getting things back to normal after the stopwatch ends up in the wronghands. In addition there is a closed narrative in-place, where all loose ends are tied up at theend of the short film. In examples 1 and 2, the stopwatch is delivered elsewhere and in example3 he looses his brother. Also within fitting of the theory, the storyline must be far-fetched andthis is certainly the case, where time is adjusted by a simple object (a stopwatch).
  6. 6. • Levi Strauss Binary OppositionThis theory can be applied where there are instances of conflicts brought up in the film. In ourshort film I have detailed a few examples that cover all of the 3 narrative ideas. - Normality and Extra-ordinary - Control and submission (person with the stopwatch has control over time) - Power and weakness (e.g. power of the person with the stopwatch in their possession) - Selfish and greater good• BraniganBranigan’s theory can be applied whereabouts a story is organised into a set of stages by whichpeople remember them. This is clear in each of the 3 frameworks where I have explained a clearplot for each. In accordance to Branigan’s theory there is firstly an introduction to the settingand characters (this is clear in narrative framework 1) where the postman is shown visitinghouses in the village. There are several other steps in this theory such as stage 3 where theprotagonist has an emotional response or statement. E.g. in narrative framework 3 he picks upthe stopwatch and fiddles with it, making time freeze, here the main character has a surprisedreaction.
  7. 7. • Laura Mulvey’s Male GazeIt can be argued that Laura Mulvey’s theory of the male gaze can be applied to my shortfilm, in the way that none of my narrative frameworks include the use of a female (all rolesare played by males). This empowerment given to the males who feature in the short filmcan be classed as being sexist towards females, hence men are given dominant roles.• Barthes theory and Enigma codeBarthes Enigma Code is a theory that suggests a text portrays a mystery to draw anaudience in. The text poses questions and as a result people become intrigued in thepiece. For instance, a murder mystery will often not reveal the identity of the murdereruntil the end of the story, which poses the question "Who is the murderer?“. This theorycan be applied to all of my 3 narrative frameworks.In the first framework the postman delivering a package to one of the houses, encouragesthe viewer to question “what lies within the package?”. A series of questions can beapplied to each framework; in framework 3 the audience may question “where has hisbrother gone?” after he disappears from the fast-forwarding of time.