History of Animation
There is no single person who can be considered the
"creator" of the art of film animation, as there were
several people doing several projects which could be
considered various types of animation all around the
Animated sequence of a race horse galloping to
settle a bet and determine whether a horse’s
legs were at a moment all off the ground.
Photos taken by Eadweard Muybridge, first
published in 1887at Philadelphia.
This was a few years before motion picture was
The phenakistoscope, praxinoscope, as well as the
common flip book were early popular animation
devices invented during the 1800s.
Traditionally-animated productions, just like other forms of animation,
usually begin life as a storyboard, which is a script of sorts written with
images as well as words, similar to a giant comic strip. The images
allow the animation team to plan the flow of the plot and the composition
of the imagery.
In the traditional animation process, animators will
begin by drawing sequences of animation on
sheets of paper. A piece of acetate (cel) is placed
over the drawing and the lines are traced in ink.
Once all of the line work is complete, the animator
paints over the lines with acrylic paint on the back
of the cel.
While the artist is painting in the line work, a
background artist is working on the last layer. This
layer is usually not transparent (see thru), unless
the background needs to be layered.
Once the production of cels is complete, they will
be layered underneath a camera and a single
photo is taken of the composition.
technique to make a physically manipulated
object appear to move on its own.
What type of technology is
As long as the images are played over a certain course of
time, the images will appear to move or be animated.