Introduction to  WWII US History McIntyre
Quick Facts (write 2-3) A. War Costs <ul><li>US Debt 1940 - $9 billion US Debt 1945 - $98 billion </li></ul><ul><li>The wa...
Quick Facts (write 2-3) B. Human Costs
Quick Facts (write 2-3) B. Human Costs <ul><li>50 million  people died (compared to 15 million in WWI) </li></ul><ul><li>2...
When? 1939 Sept.1  - Germany invades Poland (official start to the war ) Sept. 3  -Britain & France declare war on Germany...
Who? Allies Axis Great Britain France ( note:   France surrendered to Germany in 1940 (after 6 weeks of fighting) United S...
Major Leaders Adolf Hitler Nazi Germany Benito Mussolini Italy
Major Leaders Hideki Tojo Japanese Prime Minister Winston Churchill British Prime Minister
Major Leaders Franklin Delano Roosevelt US President Joseph Stalin Russian Leader
Why?  (underlying causes of WWII) 1. Treaty of Versailles A. Germany lost land to surrounding nations B. War Reparations 1...
Why?  (underlying causes of WWII) 2. World-wide Depression A. The Depression made Germany’s debt even  worse B. Desperate ...
Why?  (underlying causes of WWII) 2. World-wide Depression 2) Hitler provided  scapegoats  for Germany’s problems (foreign...
Why? <ul><li>3.  Rise of Totalitarian Regimes </li></ul>A.  In a  Totalitarian  country, individual rights are not viewed ...
Why? <ul><li>4.  Isolationism of Major Powers </li></ul>A.  Why was the U.S. Isolationist? 1.  Great Depression (problems ...
Why? <ul><li>4.  Isolationism of Major Powers </li></ul>3.  Opposition to war (Pacifism) a.  Washington Conference  -  Lim...
Why? <ul><li>4.  Isolationism of Major Powers </li></ul>B.  This led to policies of “Appeasement”  1.  Appeasement :  give...
So What Was Hitler Asking For? <ul><li>Return of German Speaking Lands - “ Lebensraum ” </li></ul><ul><li>Austria  - Peace...
So What Was Hitler Asking For? <ul><li>Return of German Speaking Lands - “ Lebensraum ” </li></ul><ul><li>Sudentenland  - ...
So What Was Hitler Asking For? <ul><li>Return of German Speaking Lands </li></ul><ul><li>Nonaggression Pact  Russia stays ...
How Did Hitler Make War? <ul><li>Blitzkrieg “Lightning War” </li></ul><ul><li>In the next year, Hitler invades:   </li></u...
US Assistance <ul><li>Roosevelt provided aid to the Allies: </li></ul>Lend-Lease - 1939 <ul><li>US “lent” war materials to...
Meanwhile … in the Pacific <ul><li>Pearl Harbor: “a date which will live in infamy” </li></ul>USS Arizona Sinking in Pearl...
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Intro Wwii

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Intro Wwii

  1. 1. Introduction to WWII US History McIntyre
  2. 2. Quick Facts (write 2-3) A. War Costs <ul><li>US Debt 1940 - $9 billion US Debt 1945 - $98 billion </li></ul><ul><li>The war cost $330 billion -- 10 times the cost of WWI & as much as all previous federal spending since 1776 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Quick Facts (write 2-3) B. Human Costs
  4. 4. Quick Facts (write 2-3) B. Human Costs <ul><li>50 million people died (compared to 15 million in WWI) </li></ul><ul><li>21.3 million Russians (7.7 million civilians) </li></ul><ul><li>11 million died as a result of the HOLOCAUST (6 million Jews + 5 million others) </li></ul>
  5. 5. When? 1939 Sept.1 - Germany invades Poland (official start to the war ) Sept. 3 -Britain & France declare war on Germany Dec. 7 – Japan bombs Pearl Harbor; US enters the War 1941 May - Germans Surrender Sept. - Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki, Japanese Surrender 1945 <ul><li>1939-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>US involvement 1941-1945 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who? Allies Axis Great Britain France ( note: France surrendered to Germany in 1940 (after 6 weeks of fighting) United States Russia Germany Italy Japan (major powers) (major powers)
  7. 7. Major Leaders Adolf Hitler Nazi Germany Benito Mussolini Italy
  8. 8. Major Leaders Hideki Tojo Japanese Prime Minister Winston Churchill British Prime Minister
  9. 9. Major Leaders Franklin Delano Roosevelt US President Joseph Stalin Russian Leader
  10. 10. Why? (underlying causes of WWII) 1. Treaty of Versailles A. Germany lost land to surrounding nations B. War Reparations 1) Allies collect $ to pay back war debts to U.S. 2) Germany must pay $57 trillion (modern equivalent) 3) Bankrupted the German economy & embarrassed Germans Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, and Woodrow Wilson during negotiations for the Treaty
  11. 11. Why? (underlying causes of WWII) 2. World-wide Depression A. The Depression made Germany’s debt even worse B. Desperate people turn to desperate leaders 1) Hitler seemed to provide solutions to Germany’s problems 1923 - Wallpapering with German Deutchmarks
  12. 12. Why? (underlying causes of WWII) 2. World-wide Depression 2) Hitler provided scapegoats for Germany’s problems (foreigners, Jews, communists, Roma (Gypsies), mentally ill, homosexuals) 3) Kristallnacht - vandalism & destruction of Jewish property & synagogues
  13. 13. Why? <ul><li>3. Rise of Totalitarian Regimes </li></ul>A. In a Totalitarian country, individual rights are not viewed as important as the needs of the nation Totalitarianism Communist Dictatorship (USSR) Fascist Dictatorship (Germany, Italy) Military Dictatorship (Japan) Fascism : military government with based on racism & nationalism with strong support from the business community
  14. 14. Why? <ul><li>4. Isolationism of Major Powers </li></ul>A. Why was the U.S. Isolationist? 1. Great Depression (problems at home) 2. Perceptions of WWI a. WWI did not seem to solve much b. People began to think that we’d got into WWI for the wrong reasons (greedy American businessmen!)
  15. 15. Why? <ul><li>4. Isolationism of Major Powers </li></ul>3. Opposition to war (Pacifism) a. Washington Conference - Limits on size of country's navies b. Kellogg-Briand pact - condemned war as a way to solving conflicts
  16. 16. Why? <ul><li>4. Isolationism of Major Powers </li></ul>B. This led to policies of “Appeasement” 1. Appeasement : give dictators what they want and hope that they won’t want anything else 2. Begins with Japanese invasion of Manchuria, Italian invasion of Ethiopia, and continues with Hitler . . .
  17. 17. So What Was Hitler Asking For? <ul><li>Return of German Speaking Lands - “ Lebensraum ” </li></ul><ul><li>Austria - Peacefully Annexed in 1938 </li></ul>German Troops Parade in Streets of Czechoslovakian Town, ca. 1939
  18. 18. So What Was Hitler Asking For? <ul><li>Return of German Speaking Lands - “ Lebensraum ” </li></ul><ul><li>Sudentenland - (now part of Czech Republic) </li></ul><ul><li>Munich Conference - Great Britain & France give to Hitler in return for peace </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler then invades the rest of Czechoslovakia </li></ul>German Troops Parade in Streets of Czechoslovakian Town, ca. 1939
  19. 19. So What Was Hitler Asking For? <ul><li>Return of German Speaking Lands </li></ul><ul><li>Nonaggression Pact Russia stays out of the war in return for 1/2 of Poland </li></ul>Hitler's triumphal entry into Danzig, Poland 1939 <ul><li>Great Britain & France finally declare war on Germany </li></ul>
  20. 20. How Did Hitler Make War? <ul><li>Blitzkrieg “Lightning War” </li></ul><ul><li>In the next year, Hitler invades: </li></ul><ul><li>Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>Norway </li></ul><ul><li>The Netherlands, </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul>Hitler in Paris
  21. 21. US Assistance <ul><li>Roosevelt provided aid to the Allies: </li></ul>Lend-Lease - 1939 <ul><li>US “lent” war materials to cash-strapped Great Britain </li></ul>London Firefighter Tackles an Air Raid Blaze Atlantic Charter <ul><li>US secretly meets with England to commit to defeating Germany </li></ul>
  22. 22. Meanwhile … in the Pacific <ul><li>Pearl Harbor: “a date which will live in infamy” </li></ul>USS Arizona Sinking in Pearl Harbor What? <ul><li>Surprise attack by the Japanese on American forces in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii </li></ul>Effect? <ul><li>US declares war on Japan & other Axis powers </li></ul>

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