REPORTED SPEECHWhen we want to tell someone whatsomeone else said in the past, there aretwo ways of doing so:- You can repeat that person’s words(direct speech)Ann said “I am at home”-You can use reported speech.Ann said (that ) she was at home
REPORTED SPEECHI’m feeling illTom said “I amfeeling ill”Tom said (that ) hewas feeling illWhe re ’sTo m ? He said he wasfe e ling ill.
REPORTING STATEMENTSRULES:1 We introduce reported speech withsaid thator told + indirect object+ that.(that can be omitted)2 Pronouns and time expressions change when necessary33 We change verbs from present to past and from past or presentperfect to past perfect.We change modal verbs from will to would, from can to could andmust to had to.
My favourite film is on TVtonight. I love comedies.Reported speechReported speechLisa said that her favourite film was on TV that night. Shesaid that she loved comedies.Look at the example.
What has changed?Pronouns: My ----- herI ------ sheVerb Tense: am ------ wasLove -----lovedTime words: tonight ------ that night
Introductory or Reporting verbsIntroductory or Reporting verbsThe most common reporting verbs are- say (that) SAID- tell somebody (that). TOLD• Others such as admit, claim, explain, insist, reply, apologize, inform,advise, agree or suggest can be used.“It’s my fault” she said.She............ it was her fault.“I haven’t been thinking about you” Ann told me.Ann ............... she hadn’t been thinking about me.“I have been very tired” She explained.She ................... she had been very tired.
Say or TellIMPORTANT DIFFERENCE!!!• SAY is not followed by the indirect object:Say (that)+ reported statementHe said he was tiredHe said to me he was tired• TELL is always followed by an indirect object (aperson or a pronoun).He told me that he was tired.
CHANGES IN THE VERBSDIRECT SPEECH “I like techno music” he informed me. “The are dancing very well” she agreed. We bought tickets yesterday.” they explained “I’ve never been here before”.Tom declared. “I was listening to the music” she told us. “We will be here tomorrow,” they promised. “Young people must learn to behave” he said. “We can go to the festival” he explained. “I may visit you tomorrow” he said.REPORTED SPEECH He informed me (that) he liked technomusic. She agreed (that) they were dancing verywell. They explained (that) they had boughttickets the day before. Tom declared (that) he had never beenthere before. She told us (that) she had been listeningto the music. They promised (that) they would be therethe next day. He said (that) young people had to learnto behave. He explained (that) we could go to thefestival. He said he might visit me the next day.
In the Reported Speech we change the verbsto the PASTPAST.am /isarehas / haveseecanWillMaybecomesbecomesbecomesbecomesbecomesbecomes
PRONOUNS• Subject Pronouns (I, she, we, etc.),• Object pronouns (me, you, him. her ..• and possessives (my, your, his, etc.) may change depending who isreporting and who they are talking to.o “ I want to see you at my office”Report 1: Mark to meMark told me that he wanted to see me at his office.Report 2: Sara to JimSara told him that she wanted to see him at her office.
EXPRESSIONS OF TIME AND PLACE• DIRECT SPEECHHereNowThis / theseTonightTodayTomorrowYesterdayNext weekLast month• INDIRECT SPEECHThereThenThat/ thoseThat nightThat dayThe following day/ the next dayThe day before/ the previous dayThe following weekThe month before/ the previou month
Use the reportrd speechI saw the film lastweek.He ............ that he .............. thefilm ..................
Reporting verbs ( Exercises) “I don’t like the bands that are playing here.” John mentioned “Techno music has become very popular”Peter said.Peter said that techno music had become very popular. “Please, help me with this problem,”Mark begged me to help him with that problem. “I will go to the concert with you next year” Jackie said.Jackie said she would go to the concert with me the following year/Jackie offered to go to the concertwith me the following year. “I’m sorry I missed the party” Alex said.Alex apologized for missing the party. “Let’s finish early” he suggested.He suggested finishing early/ He suggested that they finish early.John mentioned that he didn’t like the bands that were playing there
Reporting verbs ( Exercises) “I don’t like the bands that are playing here.” John mentioned “Techno music has become very popular”Peter said.Peter ........ that techno music ............ very popular. “Please, help me with this problem,”Mark begged me to help him with that problem. “I will go to the concert with you next year” Jackie said.Jackie said she would go to the concert with me the following year/Jackie offered to go to the concertwith me the following year. “I’m sorry I missed the party” Alex said.Alex apologized for missing the party. “Let’s finish early” he suggested.He suggested finishing early/ He suggested that they finish early.John mentioned that he didn’t like the bands that were playing there
REPORTING QUESTIONS• The reporting verb is ASK.• In Yes/ No questions IF or Whether is used.Ex: “Have you been here long?”He asked if/ whether I had been there long• In WH- Questions the same word is used.Ex: “Where do you come from?”He asked me where I came from.• In reported questions word order changes:subject + verb.Ex. “How are you?He asked me how I was.
REPORTING QUESTIONS (Exercises) The policeman said to us, “Where are you going?”The policeman asked us where we were going. Tom said: “ What time do the banks close?”Tom wanted to know what time the banks closed. “Have you got a driving licence?” the interviewerasked.He enquired whether / if I had a driving licence “Do you know when Jane’s birthday is?” he asked.He wanted to know when Jane’s birthday was. “Why did you call me?” Sandra asked.Sandra asked me why I had called her.
REQUESTS & COMMANDSThe imperative is used to give orders. When we reportan imperative we useTell somebody to do something or ask somebody to dosomething. ( Do not use SAY)Other verbs can be used: order, command, invite, beg,warn. “Hurry up, please!” he said.He asked me to hurry up. “Don’t worry!” she said.She told me not to worry. “Don’t forget that it’s our anniversary tomorrow”She asked me not to forget our anniversary the nextday.