Illich Presentation

3,557 views

Published on

The life and work of Ivan Illich:primer

Published in: Education, Travel, Technology

Illich Presentation

  1. 1. “ A Twentieth Century Gadfly” The life and legacy of Ivan Illich By Jozsef Horvath 2008 USF
  2. 2. Ivan Illich 1926-2002
  3. 3. Academic Background <ul><li>Born in Vienna in 1926 </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to leave University of Salzburg during WW.II. </li></ul><ul><li>Studied crystallography at University of Florence. </li></ul><ul><li>Theology at Gregorian University in Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Ph.D in nature of historical knowledge at University of Salzburg. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Professional background <ul><li>1951-56 Washington Heights, N.Y. priest in Irish Puerto-Rican parish. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Culture of Ignorance” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1956-60 vice rector at Catholic University of Ponce (PR.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Pro state sponsored birth control” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Professional background cont. <ul><li>1961 founded Center for Intercultural documentation (CIDOC) in Cuernavaca Mexico. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Block Pope John XIII’s plan” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1969 ordered to leave--leaves priesthood. </li></ul><ul><li>1970 creative phase--books and essay’s. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Professional Background Cont. <ul><li>1980’s-1990’s lived and worked in Mexico, Germany, USA. </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting professor at University of Bremen and Penn State. </li></ul><ul><li>Died of Cancer in 2002 refusing medication. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ History of Pain” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Influenced by <ul><li>Arnold J. Toynbee </li></ul><ul><li>Rise and fall of civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Everett Reimer </li></ul><ul><li>School is Dead </li></ul><ul><li>Jacques Maritain </li></ul><ul><li>Degrees of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Leopold Kohr </li></ul><ul><li>Breakdown of nations </li></ul>
  8. 8. Influenced <ul><li>Everett Reimer </li></ul><ul><li>Power For All or For None. </li></ul><ul><li>Andre Gorz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Income Guarantee . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lee Felsenstein, </li></ul><ul><li>Community Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Wolfgang Sachs </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Exchange of Visions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Central Features of His Philosophy. <ul><li>Deschooling </li></ul><ul><li>Critique of institution </li></ul><ul><li>Critique of professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Agents of dehumanization </li></ul>
  10. 10. What He Meant <ul><li>“ Institutions create the needs and control </li></ul><ul><li>their satisfaction, and, by so doing, turn </li></ul><ul><li>the human being and her or his creativity </li></ul><ul><li>into objects” </li></ul><ul><li>Ivan Illich 1972, CIDOC </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Four Aspects of Anti-institutialism. <ul><li>A critique of the process of institutionalization </li></ul><ul><li>A critique of experts and expertise. </li></ul><ul><li>A critique of commodification. </li></ul><ul><li>The principle of counter-productivity. </li></ul>
  12. 12. A Critique of the Process of Institutionalization <ul><li>Modern societies create more and more institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation process diminishes confidence and kills creativity. </li></ul><ul><li>Process becomes parasitical and colonizing. </li></ul>
  13. 13. A Critique of Experts and Expertise. <ul><li>They obscure unhealthy political and economic conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>They expropriate the power of individual to heal themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Experts call for more experts utilizing institutional barricades and self-selection. </li></ul>
  14. 14. A Critique of Commodification <ul><li>Self-directed learning is devalued. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning becomes a commodity, thus scarce ready for exploitation. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is amassed, measured and traded by humans earning social value. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning becomes industrial acquisition /consumption of services. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Principle of Counter-productivity. <ul><li>Threshold limit for positive growth/development. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health Care </li></ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul>
  16. 16. Convivial Alternatives <ul><li>Learning Webs </li></ul><ul><li>New non-formal educational institutions </li></ul>
  17. 17. Learning Webs <ul><li>Provide access anytime to anyone </li></ul><ul><li>Provide platform to share knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Provide venue for contact, public debate. </li></ul><ul><li>The are: reference services, skill exchanges,peer matching, educators at large. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Critics <ul><li>Reliance of metaphors and allegories. </li></ul><ul><li>No reference to research. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas in theoretical vacuum. </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of schools. </li></ul>
  19. 19. New non-formal educational institutions <ul><li>Learning anywhere with problem solving. </li></ul><ul><li>More ways to learn and to teach. </li></ul><ul><li>“Freedom from restrain.” </li></ul><ul><li>“Not deschooling but reschooling </li></ul>
  20. 20. Conclusion <ul><li>Calls for concern about [man's] unfolding - physically, spiritually and intellectually. </li></ul><ul><li>Leads out of the prison of routinized, sterile, preconceived notions. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenging us to learn our way out of the current malaise. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides us with the Ivan Illich problem. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Thank You Q & A
  22. 22. References <ul><li>Duden, B. (1991) The Woman Beneath the Skin: A Doctor's Patients in Eighteenth-Century Germany, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Fordham, P., Poulton, G. and Randle, L. (1979) Learning Networks in Adult Education. Non-formal education on a housing estate , London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. </li></ul><ul><li>F romm. E. (1979) To Have or To Be , London: Abacus. </li></ul><ul><li>Gabbard, D. A. (1993) Silencing Ivan Illich : A Foucauldian Analysis of Intellectual Exclusion, New York: Austin & Winfield </li></ul><ul><li>.Gajardo, M (1994) 'Ivan Illich' in Z. Morsy (ed.) Key Thinkers in Education Volume 2 , Paris: UNESCO Publishing . </li></ul><ul><li>Hern, M. (ed.) (1996) Deschooling Our Lives , Gabriola Island BC.: New Society Publishers. </li></ul><ul><li>Hoinacki, L. (1996) El Camino: Walking to Santiago de Compostela, University Park, PA: Penn State University Press.I </li></ul><ul><li>llich, Ivan (1974) Energy and Equity , London: Marion Boyars. </li></ul><ul><li>Illich, Ivan (1975) Medical Nemesis: The expropriation of health , London: Marian Boyars. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Reference cont. <ul><li>Illich, Ivan and Verne, E. (1976) Imprisoned in the global classroom , London: Writers and Readers Publishing Co-operative. </li></ul><ul><li>llich, Ivan et al (1977) Disabling Professions , London: Marion Boyars. </li></ul><ul><li>Illich, Ivan (1977) The Right to Useful Unemployment and its Professional Enemies , London: Marian Boyars. </li></ul><ul><li>llich, Ivan (1978) Toward a History of Needs , New York: Random House. </li></ul><ul><li>Klein, N. (2001) No Logo , London: Flamingo. </li></ul><ul><li>Leadbeater, C. (2000) Living on Thin Air. The new economy , London: Penguin. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Reference cont. <ul><li>Monbiot, G. (2001) Captive State. The corporate takeover of Britain , London: Pan. </li></ul><ul><li>Putnam, R. D. (2000) Bowling Alone. The collapse and revival of American community , New York: Simon and Schuster. </li></ul><ul><li>Sachs, W.(1992) The Development Dictionary: A Guide to Knowledge as Power, London: Zed Books. </li></ul><ul><li>S chwartz, D. (1997) Who Cares? Rediscovering Community, Boulder, CO: Westview. </li></ul><ul><li>Smith, L. G. and Smith, J. K. (1994) Lives in Education , New York: St. Martin's Press. </li></ul>

×