What is oral language

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What is oral language

  1. 1. What is language?   It is a code.  It carries out functions.
  2. 2. Language and Communication   Receptive language—comprehension  Expressive language—production
  3. 3. Oral and Written Language   Closely related  Vocabulary is quite predicative of reading achievement  Early knowledge of the functions and uses of oral and written language is important to successful literacy acquisition  Develop interaction opportunities for children to interact with those who model language functions.
  4. 4. Components of Language  Content (‘ideas’)   Labels; vocabularies; meanings; concepts; relationships  Form     Structure; sound Phonology Morphology Syntax  Use
  5. 5. Phonology   Phonemes—smallest linguistic units of sound that can signal a meaning difference  English has 45 phonemes or speech sounds  Phonology—rules for combining and patterning phonemes within the language
  6. 6. Morphology   Morphology is the rule system that governs the structure of words and word forms.  Morphemes—smallest unit of language that convey meaning  E.g., root words; affixes  Important part of word study
  7. 7. Syntax   Syntax is the order of words in sentences and the rules for determining the order.  Use direct, non-convoluted syntax for instruction with students having reading difficulties  These students often misread syntax.
  8. 8. Use   Pragmatics—Purposes or functions of communication  Communication style/register  Occasions  Whom am I speaking with?

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