What is language?
It is a code.
It carries out functions.
Oral and Written
Vocabulary is quite predicative of reading achievement
Early knowledge of the functions and uses of oral and
written language is important to successful literacy
Develop interaction opportunities for children to interact
with those who model language functions.
Components of Language
Labels; vocabularies; meanings; concepts; relationships
Phonemes—smallest linguistic units of sound that can
signal a meaning difference
English has 45 phonemes or speech sounds
Phonology—rules for combining and patterning
phonemes within the language
Morphology is the rule system that governs the
structure of words and word forms.
Morphemes—smallest unit of language that convey
E.g., root words; affixes
Important part of word study
Syntax is the order of words in sentences and the
rules for determining the order.
Use direct, non-convoluted syntax for instruction with
students having reading difficulties
These students often misread syntax.
Pragmatics—Purposes or functions of
Whom am I speaking with?