There are many different ways that
teachers in multigrade classes deliver
instruction to students.
COMMON METHODS INCLUDE:
2. Small group work
4.Paired and Peer tutoring
A multigrade classroom is a more
complex environment so that
instructional delivery and classroom
management strategies must be
compatible and complementary.
At the end of the lesson 1. You should be
Identify strategies commonly used in a
Discuss how the different strategies
achieve the different instructional
Explain how the different methods of
delivering instruction work affect students
An old typical classroom scenario shows
the children sitting in a classroom by
two’s on the desks arranged in rows.
This method of Instruction is the old way
of teaching the lecture-recitation-
A recitation is a practice where one
student recites a lesson to the teacher
Discussion, like recitation involve using
questions, but it is different in it’s purpose
and in the types of questions that are
Other effective instructional strategies in a multi grade
classroom that should be used in combination with the
methods discussed earlier (direct Instruction/basic practice
model, discussion, recitation) are Independent study and
INDIVIDUALIZING INSTRUCTION INVOLVES IMPORTANT
The teacher determines individual needs of students through a
variety of diagnostic devices and strategies e.g observing
students behavior in different situation; analyzing students
responses during discussions or recitation, seatwork or assigned
homework, interacting with student while engaged in an
activity patterns of student performance on tests.
The teacher records observations and
refers to them in the process of lesson
preparation and grouping students.
The teacher thinks about appropriate
activities that will effectively respond to
student’s needs and includes these
activities in the class program either
within small-group work situation,
individual or whole group activities.
During implementation of activities the
teacher clarifies expectations and
monitors learning, again keeping tract
individual student progress so that
individual student needs can again be
considered for continuing planning.
Independent study as an Instructional
approach is closely related to
individualized instruction. It involves several
The student may be involved in the selection of
the activity or approach to working on a project.
The teacher makes sure that all students who will
be engaged in independent study or work
understand expectations and have been given
with clear instructions.
Students have access to the necessary materials
Students can work alone in pairs or small-group of
up to 6 to 7 students. Usually in one of the learning
areas or centers of the classroom.
Students have access to the teacher as
needed but it is clear that they should try
to work on their own, helping each other
There should be a chance to evaluate
the activity with the participation of the
teacher as soon as possible (preferrably
upon completion) so that immediate
feedback can be given. This enhances
the quality of the learning processes