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Presentation2

  1. 1. The Copenhagen Accord
  2. 2. Imagine you’re President Obama
  3. 3. “ The fate of my country rests in your hands”
  4. 4. Copenhagen Accord <ul><li>History of International Agreements on Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Commitments/Requirements under the Copenhagen Accord </li></ul><ul><li>Current status & Next Steps of the Accord </li></ul>
  5. 5. Climate Change – IPCC 2007 Report <ul><li>“ Warming of the climate system is unequivocal.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. History of International Agreements on Climate Change <ul><li>1988 : formation of the IPCCC </li></ul><ul><li>1992 : Adoption of the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) </li></ul><ul><li>1997: Adoption of the Kyoto protocol to the UNFCCC </li></ul><ul><li>2005 : Kyoto Protocol enters into force </li></ul><ul><li>2007: Bali Road Map </li></ul><ul><li>2009: Conference of the Parties 15 & Copenhagen Accord </li></ul>
  7. 7. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - 1992 <ul><li>Objective: stabilize greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations to prevent anthropogenic climate interference. </li></ul><ul><li>Common but differentiated responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>GHG emissions inventories </li></ul><ul><li>Return to 1990 emissions levels by 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>But no quantitative limits </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Meetings – Conference of the Parties </li></ul>
  8. 8. Kyoto Protocol - 1997 <ul><li>Legally binding emissions targets for developed countries </li></ul><ul><li>Entered into force - 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce GHG emissions 5% by 1990 between 2008 and 2012. </li></ul><ul><li>Cap and Trade </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon offsets </li></ul><ul><li>US is NOT a party </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bali Road Map - 2007 <ul><li>Conference of the Parties 13 </li></ul><ul><li>“Bali action plan” </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt post Kyoto international agreement by COP 15 (Copenhagen; December 2009). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Copenhagen Accord – “an important first step” <ul><li>Negotiated among five countries: US, China, India, South Africa, and Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>“Politically binding” </li></ul><ul><li>UNFCCC “took note” of the Agreement </li></ul>
  11. 11. Commitments - Mitigation <ul><li>Acknowledges that temperatures cannot exceed 2 degrees celsius </li></ul><ul><li>Developed Countries: Quantified economy-wide emissions reductions targets for 2020 due January 31, 2010. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Requirements - communication <ul><li>Registry of mitigation actions, technology, financial, and capacity building support. </li></ul><ul><li>National GHG inventory reports every 2 years. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Commitments- Financing <ul><li>Green climate fund for adaptation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$10 billion a year from 2010 to 2012 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$100 billion a year by 2020 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No discussions about where the money would come from and where it would go </li></ul>
  14. 14. Commitments – Technology Mechanism <ul><li>Accelerate technology development </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer technology in support of adaptation and mitigation for developing countries. </li></ul><ul><li>No discussion of transfer mechanisms </li></ul>
  15. 15. Commitments - REDD <ul><li>Recognizes crucial role of REDD: “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation“ </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation is responsible for 20% of GHG emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Weak on details </li></ul>
  16. 16. Current Status/next steps <ul><li>55 countries signed on (80% of GHG Emissions) </li></ul><ul><li>US – 17% below 2005 (only if US legislation is passed). </li></ul><ul><li>China and India – “endeavor” to reduce carbon intensity (40% and 20% respectively) </li></ul><ul><li>EU – 5% below 2000 and 20% below 1990. </li></ul><ul><li>Many other nations’ commitments are “conditional” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Current Status/Next Steps <ul><li>Assessment of the implementation of Copenhagen accord in 2015. </li></ul><ul><li>International community still lacks binding post Kyoto agreement </li></ul><ul><li>COP 16 – Mexico; December 2010 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Questions? <ul><li>History of International Agreements on Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Commitments/Requirements under the Copenhagen Accord </li></ul><ul><li>Current status & Next Steps of the Accord </li></ul>

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