Archives 2.0:  If We Build It, Will they Come? [email_address] Archives Hub
Does Technology Drive History? ‘ Old New Media Readings’ by Krista76 (Flickr set) http://www.flickr.com/photos/slimcoincid...
Does Technology Drive History? <ul><li>Technological Determinism: </li></ul><ul><li>Reductionist doctrine </li></ul><ul><l...
Perfunctory web 2.0 slide ‘ Web 2.0 Tag Cloud’ (Wikipedia) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Web_2.0_Map.svg
I can has postmodernism? ‘ lolderrida4’ by 2fs (Flickr set) http://www.flickr.com/groups/philolsophers/pool
I can has postmodernism? “ Facts in texts cannot be separated from their ongoing and past interpretation, nor author from ...
“Traditional” Archival Science <ul><li>Positivist in approach: </li></ul><ul><li>The archivist is impartial </li></ul><ul>...
“Traditional” Archival Science <ul><li>Positivist in approach: </li></ul><ul><li>The archivist is impartial </li></ul><ul>...
Archives 2.0 or  Participatory Archive… ‘ Council’ by andreyutzu, Stock.Xchng http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1124775
Archives 2.0 or  Participatory Archive… <ul><li>Neither archivist or user is neutral in relation to the archive </li></ul>...
BBC Memoryshare
BBC Memoryshare <ul><li>“ BBC Memoryshare is a living archive of memories from 1900 to the present day. You can contribute...
Your Archives (TNA)
Your Archives (TNA)
Your Archives (TNA) “ Your Archives  is an exciting and accessible resource that enables anyone to share their knowledge o...
Have they come? <ul><li>The problem with crowds (even wise ones): </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on a diverse collection of inde...
Have they come? <ul><li>The problem with crowds (even wise ones): </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on a diverse collection of inde...
From Crowds to Communities of Practice <ul><li>“ Communities of practice are formed by people who engage in a process of c...
From Crowds to Communities of Practice <ul><li>“ Communities of practice are formed by people who engage in a process of c...
From Crowds to Communities of Practice “ Communities of practice are groups of people who share a concern or a passion for...
How? <ul><li>Rethink the archive as domain(s) of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Consider potential CoPs (subject communities, ...
Thank you for listening…
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Archives 2.0: If We Build It, Will They Come?

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A presentation given at the March 20th 2009 CRESC conference, 'Archives 2.0: Shifting Dialogues Between Users and Archivists.'

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  • FoD image here of an empty baseball field – describe the jist of the film and my tongue in cheek usage All KC’s character has to do is have faith, and They Will come… Archives 2.0 is an act of faith, in many regards – we’re in the experimental stage About me: Emphasise that I am not coming from library or archival ‘traditional’ (read ‘trained’) perspective. What is my perspective? My teaching background – how can we make this stuff useful My new job – rethinking resource discovery services in new and heady information contexts Who am I talking to?
  • Archives 2.0: If We Build It, Will They Come?

    1. 1. Archives 2.0: If We Build It, Will they Come? [email_address] Archives Hub
    2. 2. Does Technology Drive History? ‘ Old New Media Readings’ by Krista76 (Flickr set) http://www.flickr.com/photos/slimcoincidence/406910873/
    3. 3. Does Technology Drive History? <ul><li>Technological Determinism: </li></ul><ul><li>Reductionist doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Belief that technology drives change </li></ul><ul><li>Does not account for socio-cultural contexts </li></ul>
    4. 4. Perfunctory web 2.0 slide ‘ Web 2.0 Tag Cloud’ (Wikipedia) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Web_2.0_Map.svg
    5. 5. I can has postmodernism? ‘ lolderrida4’ by 2fs (Flickr set) http://www.flickr.com/groups/philolsophers/pool
    6. 6. I can has postmodernism? “ Facts in texts cannot be separated from their ongoing and past interpretation, nor author from subject or audience, not author from authoring, not author from context. Nothing is neutral. Nothing is objective. Everything is shaped, presented, re-presented, symbolized, signified, signed, constructed” Terry Cooke “Archival science and postmodernism: new formulations for old concepts” 2001
    7. 7. “Traditional” Archival Science <ul><li>Positivist in approach: </li></ul><ul><li>The archivist is impartial </li></ul><ul><li>The archival record is objective, “merely” descriptive, an empirical fact </li></ul><ul><li>“ Respect des fonds” : provenance is the ‘authentic’ and authoritative archival context </li></ul>‘ Archivist…’ Archives of Ontario http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/exhibits/archives/big/big_47a_photo_stacks.htm
    8. 8. “Traditional” Archival Science <ul><li>Positivist in approach: </li></ul><ul><li>The archivist is impartial </li></ul><ul><li>The archival record is objective, “merely” descriptive, an empirical fact </li></ul><ul><li>“ Respect des fonds” : provenance is the ‘authentic’ and authoritative archival context </li></ul>
    9. 9. Archives 2.0 or Participatory Archive… ‘ Council’ by andreyutzu, Stock.Xchng http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1124775
    10. 10. Archives 2.0 or Participatory Archive… <ul><li>Neither archivist or user is neutral in relation to the archive </li></ul><ul><li>The archival context is not more authentic or authoritative </li></ul><ul><li>Participants are more knowledgeable than an archivist alone </li></ul>
    11. 11. BBC Memoryshare
    12. 12. BBC Memoryshare <ul><li>“ BBC Memoryshare is a living archive of memories from 1900 to the present day. You can contribute, share and browse memories of life experiences and see them in the context of recent and historical events.” </li></ul><ul><li>http://bbc.co.uk/memoryshare </li></ul>
    13. 13. Your Archives (TNA)
    14. 14. Your Archives (TNA)
    15. 15. Your Archives (TNA) “ Your Archives is an exciting and accessible resource that enables anyone to share their knowledge of Britain's rich archival heritage and to reuse historical information in a way that has not previously been possible.” (http://yourarchives.nationalarchives.gov.uk/)
    16. 16. Have they come? <ul><li>The problem with crowds (even wise ones): </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on a diverse collection of independently-minded individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on critical mass of users </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive systems (i.e. Amazon) require a concentration of data </li></ul>The Wisdom of Crowds: Why the Many Are Smarter Than the Few and How Collective Wisdom Shapes Business, Economies, Societies and Nations . James Surowiecki 2004 ‘ Crowded Street’ by mzacha, Stock.Xchng http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1093768
    17. 17. Have they come? <ul><li>The problem with crowds (even wise ones): </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on a diverse collection of independently-minded individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on critical mass of users </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive systems (i.e. Amazon) require a concentration of data </li></ul>
    18. 18. From Crowds to Communities of Practice <ul><li>“ Communities of practice are formed by people who engage in a process of collective learning in a shared domain of human endeavor: a tribe learning to survive, a band of artists seeking new forms of expression, a group of engineers working on similar problems, a clique of pupils defining their identity in the school, a network of surgeons exploring novel techniques, a gathering of first-time managers helping each other cope.” </li></ul>“ Communities of practice are groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly …” Ettiene Wenger, Communities of Practice 1998 “ Even though the participatory archive is about crowd-sourcing, it focuses on deeper involvement and more complex semantics rather than on larger crowds and simple annotation.” Isto Huvila, “Participatory Archive” 2008 University of Manchester, Image Library
    19. 19. From Crowds to Communities of Practice <ul><li>“ Communities of practice are formed by people who engage in a process of collective learning in a shared domain of human endeavor: a tribe learning to survive, a band of artists seeking new forms of expression, a group of engineers working on similar problems, a clique of pupils defining their identity in the school, a network of surgeons exploring novel techniques, a gathering of first-time managers helping each other cope.” </li></ul>
    20. 20. From Crowds to Communities of Practice “ Communities of practice are groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly …” Ettiene Wenger, Communities of Practice 1998 “ Even though the participatory archive is about crowd-sourcing, it focuses on deeper involvement and more complex semantics rather than on larger crowds and simple annotation.” Isto Huvila, “Participatory Archive” 2008
    21. 21. How? <ul><li>Rethink the archive as domain(s) of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Consider potential CoPs (subject communities, learning communities) </li></ul><ul><li>Consider 2.0 as tools to facilitate the CoP, not an end in itself. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Thank you for listening…

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