The Parables


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The Parables

  2. 2. PARABLES <ul><li>What the parables are? </li></ul><ul><li>Parables are a method of speech, in which moral or religious truths are illustrated from the analogy of common experience </li></ul><ul><li>The parables of Jesus recorded in the gospels are unique and remains ever fresh to the readers </li></ul><ul><li>Old Testament rarely have parables (Jud.9: 8-15) </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus taught mainly through parables (Mk.5: 34) </li></ul><ul><li>Example- The parable of the kingdom of heaven (Mat. 13) </li></ul>
  3. 3. THE PARABLES <ul><li>THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PARABLES, THE SIMILE AND </li></ul><ul><li>THE METAPHOR </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly in the length of it </li></ul><ul><li>Parables are longer comparatively </li></ul><ul><li>Simile and Metaphors are short and so difficult to define </li></ul><ul><li>clearly </li></ul><ul><li>“ Like a sheep dumb before the sheerer” (Is.53: 7) Is a simile </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ye are the salt of the earth” (Mat.5: 13) is a metaphor </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE PARABLES (ADVANTAGES) <ul><li>Could easily adhere to the memory of the Hearer than long statements </li></ul><ul><li>Preacher could use against any person, who will not listen </li></ul><ul><li>or admit in a normal way </li></ul><ul><li>(Ex. Nathan to David; of the Eve lamb - 2.Sam.12: 1- 12) </li></ul><ul><li>Will listen patiently, condemn soon, but realize later only, </li></ul><ul><li>he was condemning himself </li></ul><ul><li>Good parables are of Common and familiar things to the </li></ul><ul><li>hearer, so that he can easily understand. </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE PARABLES <ul><li>Jesus mainly taught through parables </li></ul><ul><li>Mark 4:33-34 And with many such parables spake he the </li></ul><ul><li>word unto them, as they were able to hear it. But without </li></ul><ul><li>a parable spake he not unto them: and when they were alone, </li></ul><ul><li>he expounded all things to his disciples. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus said; </li></ul><ul><li>Mark 4:11 Unto you it is given to know the mystery of </li></ul><ul><li>the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all </li></ul><ul><li>these things are done in parables: </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE PARABLES <ul><li>THE REASON WHY JESUS SPOKE THRU PARABLES </li></ul><ul><li>It was fulfillment of himself (Ps.78: 2; Mat.13: 35) </li></ul><ul><li>Fulfillment of the prophecies (Is.6: 9; Mat.13: 14) </li></ul><ul><li>They were messages of judgment to Israel (Mk.4: 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Spoken in mercy lest they should have greater condemnation (Acts.3: 17) </li></ul><ul><li>Mystery for them; but for us given to know (Mk.4: 11) </li></ul>
  7. 7. THE PARABLES <ul><li>No parables in the Gospel of John </li></ul><ul><li>Parables in Mark and Luke are of the Kingdom of God </li></ul><ul><li>Parables in Matthew are of the Kingdom of Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Parables in Matthew Ch.13 are of the nature of the </li></ul><ul><li>kingdom of Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>Rest of the Five parables shows the manner how to conduct </li></ul><ul><li>in the Kingdom of Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>(Some may disagree the Kingdom of God and Kingdom of Heaven are not different-for the similarities seen in some of the parables) </li></ul><ul><li>Argument: Matthew being a Jew avoided the word “God” -is not relevant- in Matthew itself we read “Kingdom of God” (21: 43) </li></ul>
  8. 8. THE PARABLES (Differences) <ul><li>THE KINGDOM OF GOD AND KINGDOM OF HEAVEN </li></ul><ul><li>The Kingdom of God covers the divine authority over the </li></ul><ul><li>entire universe of all times, all inclusive of those who are </li></ul><ul><li>willing to be controlled by God’s will, either angels (holy) </li></ul><ul><li>or of the saints of the New or the Old Testament. </li></ul><ul><li>But the Kingdom of Heaven has as its ultimate purpose of the </li></ul><ul><li>setting up of the Kingdom on earth. (1.Cor.15: 24- 25) </li></ul><ul><li>The coming of the king was announced and the way prepared </li></ul><ul><li>by John the Baptist as forerunner </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus himself preached the approach of the kingdom the repentance was the sign of acceptance for some. </li></ul><ul><li>Since they rejected the king, the kingdom postponed </li></ul>
  9. 9. THE PARABLES (Differences – Conti..) <ul><li>THE NATURE OF THE KINGDOM </li></ul><ul><li>(JEWS EXPECTED AND REASON FOR REJECTION) </li></ul><ul><li>As Son of David on the throne (Jer.23: 5-6) </li></ul><ul><li>World wide worship of the Lord (Mal.1: 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Re-establishment of world peace (Is. 2: 2-4) </li></ul><ul><li>Even nature regaining glory (Is. 35: 1-2) </li></ul><ul><li>(Since they rejected the king, kingdom postponed, from </li></ul><ul><li>rejection till His coming again to establish the earthly </li></ul><ul><li>kingdom, is the period of the Kingdom of heaven ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE PARABLES (Differences) Conti… <ul><li>What the Kingdom of Heaven is? </li></ul><ul><li>Not the Church - For the Lord add such as should be saved </li></ul><ul><li>unto the Church (Acts.2: 47) </li></ul><ul><li>Not the kingdom of God - For the entry is through new birth </li></ul><ul><li>(Born again) Jn. 3: 3; 5 </li></ul><ul><li>So the kingdom of Heaven is the present so called </li></ul><ul><li>“ Visible Christendom” </li></ul><ul><li>In the kingdom of Heaven , there is “ wheat and tares ”, the “ good and evil ”, the “ good and bad fishes ”, the “wise and foolish virgins”, but not in the Kingdom of God. </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE PARABLES (Differences) Conti… <ul><li>Entry to Kingdom of God by New birth (Jn.3: 3; 5) </li></ul><ul><li>Man with out the robe seen in K. o. Heaven (Mat.22: 12) </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of God; they presseth unto (Lk.16: 16) </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of heaven take thru violence (Mat.11: 12) </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of God not visible (Rom.14: 7) </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of heaven is visible (Rom.14: 7) </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of God covers of all the time </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of heaven only this present period </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE PARABLES (Differences) Contin … <ul><li>Romans 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; </li></ul><ul><li>but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 16:16 The law and the prophets were until John: since </li></ul><ul><li>that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man </li></ul><ul><li>presseth into it. ( But not read as entered) </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 18:17 Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive </li></ul><ul><li>the kingdom of God as a little child shall in no wise enter therein. (None can enter by violence) </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 11:12 And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence , and the violent take it by force. </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE PARABLES (HOW TO INTERPRET) <ul><li>The correct method to interpret </li></ul><ul><li>Read and observe the parables, and how the Lord gave the interpretations, do the word study. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the same guideline; interpret with the Bible than </li></ul><ul><li>putting in own ideas (Inductive study) </li></ul><ul><li>Observe the similarities and differences of similar Parables </li></ul><ul><li>Let interpretations be EXIGETIC and not EISIGESIS </li></ul>
  14. 14. THE PARABLES (PARABLE OF THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>THE PARABLE OF THE SOWER (Mat.13:1-9) </li></ul><ul><li>(Mk.4: 3-9;14-20; Lk.8: 4-8; 11-15 Applicable to both ) </li></ul><ul><li>LORD’S Interpretations (Mat.13: 18-23) </li></ul><ul><li>Seed that sow – The word of the Kingdom (v.19) </li></ul><ul><li>The way side- (Fowls v.4 ; Wicked v.19 ) catcheth </li></ul><ul><li>away – No growth, no fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Stony places- - receives but offended (v.20;21) </li></ul><ul><li>Among thorns - hear but choked, not fruitful (v.22) </li></ul><ul><li>Good ground - beareth fruit (v.23) </li></ul><ul><li>(V.8; 23 Proportion than character of fruit bearing) </li></ul>
  15. 15. THE PARABLES (THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>2.THE WHEAT AND TARES (Mat.13: 24-30) </li></ul><ul><li>LORD’S Interpretations (Mat.13: 36-43) </li></ul><ul><li>No similar parables in Mark and Luke </li></ul><ul><li>The man soweth – Son of Man (v.37) </li></ul><ul><li>Good seed- The children of the kingdom (v.38) </li></ul><ul><li>Tares- The children of the wicked one (v.38) </li></ul><ul><li>Enemy soweth tares- Devil (v.39) </li></ul><ul><li>Reapers- Angels (v.41) tares put to fire (42) </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest time- End of the world (v.40) Not at Rapture </li></ul><ul><li>( Devil cannot destroy so he sow tares - now grows together ) </li></ul>
  16. 16. THE PARABLES (THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>3. THE MUSTARD SEED (Mat.13: 31-32) </li></ul><ul><li>Similar in Mark 4: 30-32 (Kingdom of God) </li></ul><ul><li>(Small beginning but great growth cannot be denied) </li></ul><ul><li>Least of all seeds- Just for familiar reason </li></ul><ul><li>Grown great among the herbs- Spurious growth </li></ul><ul><li>(Reason rooted to earth ; Church to Christ. Col.2: 7) </li></ul><ul><li>Fowls speak of evil (Mat.13: 19; Dan.4: 12) </li></ul><ul><li>(Growth of Christendom is with un-regenerated ones; so </li></ul><ul><li>seems the spurious growth and evil therewith) </li></ul>
  17. 17. THE PARABLES (KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>4. PARABLE OF THE LEAVEN (Mat.13: 33) </li></ul><ul><li>Similar Lk.13: 20; For Leaven shows evil </li></ul><ul><li>Paul exhorts us to be away of “ malice and wickedness ” </li></ul><ul><li>The Lord warned us to be careful of: </li></ul><ul><li>L. of Pharisees (Mat.16: 6) Hypocrisy </li></ul><ul><li>L. of Sadducees (Mat.16: 6) Unbelief (Acts.23: 8) </li></ul><ul><li>L. of Herod (Mk.8: 15) Religion of Worldliness </li></ul><ul><li>(Gospel is pure cannot spread by itself; Leaven makes </li></ul><ul><li>dough; 1.Cor.5: 7; Gal.5: 9 shows only so bigger) </li></ul>
  18. 18. THE PARABLES (KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>5. TREASURE HID IN THE FIELD (Mat.13: 44) </li></ul><ul><li>No similar Parable </li></ul><ul><li>Field is the world (Mat.13: 37) </li></ul><ul><li>Israel is the Hidden treasure (Ex.19: 5; Ps.135: 4) </li></ul><ul><li>Man findeth is Christ (Jn.1: 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Now Israel is like treasure hid in the field, Christ’s death of atonement covers redemption of Israel also; but as a nation </li></ul><ul><li>after the church period only (Rom.11: 1; 26) </li></ul><ul><li>( Ps note:- By giving all one cannot attain salvation; for salvation </li></ul><ul><li>is the free gift, cannot be bought also) </li></ul>
  19. 19. THE PARABLES (KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>6. MERCHANTMAN SEEKING GOODLY PEARL </li></ul><ul><li>(Mat.13: 45-46) </li></ul><ul><li>No similar parable </li></ul><ul><li>Merchantman is Christ </li></ul><ul><li>Pearl of great price is the Church </li></ul><ul><li>(Pearl is formed by the suffering of the oyster; Church formed </li></ul><ul><li>as the fruit of Christ’s sufferings. Eph.5: 25) </li></ul><ul><li>(Similar arguments like previous: un-relevant as Salvation can </li></ul><ul><li>not be bought or earned) </li></ul>
  20. 20. THE PARABLES (KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>7. THE DRAGNET CAST IN TO THE SEA (Mat.13: 47-50) Dragnet is not the Gospel </li></ul><ul><li>No similar Parable </li></ul><ul><li>How relevant, parable fits to the kingdom of Heaven- ( having </li></ul><ul><li>all kinds of fishes ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bad fishes cannot be in the Kingdom of God </li></ul><ul><li>Time at the end of the world; angels will separate; wicked from among the just and cast bad away in to the hell (v.49-50) </li></ul>
  21. 21. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>PARABLE OF THE UNMERCIFUL SERVANT </li></ul><ul><li>(Mat.18: 23-35) </li></ul><ul><li>THE NEED OF UNLIMITED FORGIVENESS </li></ul><ul><li>The servant own 10,000 talents (Received forgiveness) </li></ul><ul><li>His fellow servant own 100 Pence (Not forgiven) </li></ul><ul><li>( 100,000 time more - but was unwilling to forgive his fellow </li></ul><ul><li>servant who own only 100 pence ) </li></ul><ul><li>LESSON : Forgiving one another, even as God for Christ’s </li></ul><ul><li>sake hath forgiven you (Eph.4: 32) </li></ul>
  22. 22. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>THE VINEYARD LABOURERS (Mat.20: 1-16) </li></ul><ul><li>Early morning, Third hour, Sixth hour, Ninth hour, </li></ul><ul><li>Eleventh hour; shows the age a person when called </li></ul><ul><li>A penny a day was promised to the first (v.2) </li></ul><ul><li>“ whatsoever” was promised to the rest all (v.4) </li></ul><ul><li>Good master begins to pay from last to the first (v.8) </li></ul><ul><li>Found paid one penny, others murmured (v.11) </li></ul><ul><li>LESSON: With what motive or attitude one serves ? </li></ul><ul><li>( Serve with gladness - Phil.2: 14; Due.27: 47) </li></ul>
  23. 23. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>THE MARRIAGE FEAST (Mat.22: 1- 14) </li></ul><ul><li>(The parable covers events from Moses till supper of the lamb) </li></ul><ul><li>Moses till John the Baptist prophesied (v.3) Not listened </li></ul><ul><li>When Christ was offered (v.4) - Feast was ready </li></ul><ul><li>Call given by Apostles (v.5) - They took it light </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen and James was send (v.6) They killed </li></ul><ul><li>King killed murderers and burned city (v.7) in AD. 70 </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel call now given (v.9) soon will be wedding (v.10) </li></ul><ul><li>MAN WITHOUT GARMENT CAST OUT (V.11-13) </li></ul><ul><li>LESSON:( Garments freely offered now –Is.61:10; Rev.21:32; 22: 14) </li></ul><ul><li>(Parable in Lk.14: 16-24 is the call of the Gospel-none cast out) </li></ul>
  24. 24. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>TEN VIRGINS WITH THE LAMP (Mat.25:1-13) </li></ul><ul><li>Not the church (2.Cor.11: 2) But remnant of Israel </li></ul><ul><li>(Ps.45: 14) Church will be caught up at rapture. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil is not Holy Spirit ; and cannot be anyone with out </li></ul><ul><li>H. Spirit ( Nor can be bought for a price -Acts.8: 18) </li></ul><ul><li>This parables not about church; for none can be part of </li></ul><ul><li>church with out Holy Spirit (Rom.8: 9) Speaks of those </li></ul><ul><li>remnant of Israel ready to follow bridegroom) </li></ul><ul><li>LESSON : Warning for remnant to be ready </li></ul>
  25. 25. THE PARABLES (HOW TO CONDUCT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN) <ul><li>THE PARABLE OF TALENTS (Mat.25: 14-30) </li></ul><ul><li>Five, Two and one respectively given (V.15) </li></ul><ul><li>Parable teaches of the faithfulness in stewardship (v.21) </li></ul><ul><li>Unprofitable servant was cast into outer darkness (v.30) </li></ul><ul><li>Parable in Luke 19: 11-27 is different, Ten servants </li></ul><ul><li>and one pounds each. </li></ul><ul><li>The rest of the story goes in giving authority for the remnants </li></ul><ul><li>to rule over (v.17) </li></ul><ul><li>The one that kept in napkin was taken back but not </li></ul><ul><li>cast in to the outer darkness (v.24) </li></ul>
  27. 27. THE PARABLES <ul><li>Beloved in the Lord </li></ul><ul><li>Greetings to you all . </li></ul><ul><li>Any questions, doubts, or comments, please write </li></ul><ul><li>to my email below </li></ul>