Digital Collection Development Presentation #1


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  • August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • LSTA funds are administered by the Institute for Museum and Library Services (IMLS) August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Creating a Login in WebJunction Visit the WebJunction Pennsylvania site ( ). Create a new account or sign in with your current WebJunction username and password. If you create a new account, be sure to check the box to request affiliation with Pennsylvania, when you reach the affiliations page. If you already have an account, after signing in, click on Edit Account and the My Affiliations tab to request affiliation with Pennsylvania. Accessing the Digital Collection Development Materials: Click on the PA RESOURCES tab across the top Select COMMONWEALTH LIBRARIES PROGRAMS & SERVICES from the left-hand frame Scroll down to and click on SCHOOL LIBRARIES Click on DIGITAL COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT WORKSHOP Click on the “Documents” tab to access the workshop PowerPoint and handouts. The Subpage “About this Workshop” has agendas and announcement files under its “Document” tab. The Subpage “Other Resources” will be used for other articles and info relevant to the workshop. Click on “Discussion” to make comments about the workshop Bread crumb: PA Resources » Commonwealth Libraries Programs and Services » School Libraries » Digital Collection Development Workshop August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • This doesn ’t sound so different but emphasize: the librarian ’s responsibility to connect library users electronically to resources outside the physical library, and the collaborative nature of developing a “collection” August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Media Programs (ALA, c2009) are the national guidelines developed by the Am. Assn. of School Librarians based on the Standards for the 21 st Century Learner. For more info go to: August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • PRINT – There are many types and formats of books, such as paperbacks, graphic novels, board books for babies, picture books and reference, etc. DIGITAL/ELECTRONIC – We will look at some content and tool-based web sites on the next slide EQUIPMENT - Librarians need to embrace the idea that we must advocate for our students or library patrons for access not just to print and electronic resources but also to the equipment needed to manipulate and create information and knowledge. Libraries are the great equalizers. Not all families can afford computers and the technologies students will need to learn now and in the future. OTHER – Librarians can connect patrons, teachers and students to local resources which may require a physical visit (field trip) or a virtual tour via the Internet. Student-created websites, videos and other work can also be collected as a resources and made available/accessible through the library. Free or locally produced distance learning modules can be collected as well if they are applicable to what needs to be collected. A collection development policy that analyzes the needs of the school or public library and its students or library patrons should drive what is collected. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Descriptions from AASL Best Websites lists Animoto   Create a video in five minutes – no kidding! Using Animoto, educators and students can create videos that contain photos, graphics, music, text and more! It is only limited by your imagination. Glogster Remember the old the poster board presentations? Well, they are now digital, motivating and very visually exciting. Use these digital posters to create a book review, an interactive front page for a wiki, an innovative topic exploration or any other demonstration of learning using video, graphics, text, etc. Jing Do you need to quickly snap a picture of your screen or record a video of an onscreen action? Jing is the solution; it's free software that adds visuals to your online conversations. Include it in an email, Website, or IM. Wikispaces   This is the quintessential collaborative tool! This easy-to-use website allows anyone to write, edit and share content, depending on the permissions granted by the wiki owner. Tip: Students can use a wiki as a research journal, documenting their progress from beginning questions to finished products, as they receive feedback directly on the wiki from their classroom teacher and librarian. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Usually a digital collection is focused on a specific subject or topic, like Shakespeare or mammals, but can also be specific to a class assignment, club or extracurricular, or for a specific group of students or library users, such as science fair participants. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Students and other library users can also be digital curators who have expertise in a subject. For example, a student who is knowledgeable in manga or graphic novels could select web sites, recommend books in the library collection or elsewhere, and local bookstores that sell such titles. This information could be “curated” and presented digitally in an electronic “pathfinder” or LibGuide. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Library users, including students, teachers, and public library patrons, expect anywhere and anytime access to resources. If libraries and librarians don ’t provide it, they will go elsewhere. To be fully engaged in 21 st century learning, librarians need to change their practice and fully utilize the power of digital learning, tools and resources. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • This is just one of many traditional collection development models that is usually articulated in a written collection development policy. Let ’s look at the pieces of this “pie” and discuss how tradition collection development and digital collection curation are similar or different. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Group Discussion Slide – Ask participants to think about this aspect of collection development in terms of digital resources. Traditionally, in determining the needs for the collection, we consider the library ’s mission, its users (library patrons, students, teachers, etc.) and their needs. Is that any different when we curate digital collections? August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Group Discussion Slide – Ask participants to think about this aspect of collection development in terms of digital resources. The 2010-11 PDE/Commonwealth Libraries Professional Development Workshop “Collection Evaluation” taught school librarians to analysis usage statistics for mostly print materials. Does use of print resources predict use of digital resources? How do you collect data on usage of digital resources? POWER Library database statistics are collected by library and by database. You cannot get subject level analysis, but you can get them by vendor, # of logins, # of searches executed, and # of items examined by month. (A file in WJ has directions on how to do this.) Your tech support staff can also set up page counters on your library ’s webpages to get an idea of how many people are using specific resources. Who does collection assessment in the digital world? Other issues? August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Group Discussion Slide – Ask participants to think about this aspect of collection development in terms of digital resources. What factors might be different in selecting digital resources than print resources? Do digital resources age? Must they be weeded from our “collection”? Librarians need to know the universe of print and digital content, as well as digital tools to use and teach others. However since the universe of resources and tools is so large with the ever-changing Internet, we need to share that role with others. This enhances the librarian ’s role as collaborator in collection development and instruction. Librarians who are largely “control freaks” need to let others be the selectors and creators. We need to be teaching and coaching others to be the selectors and producers. And, we in turn will learn from others. This results in the true “learning commons.” August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Group Discussion Slide – Ask participants to think about this aspect of collection development in terms of digital resources. Budget – Many digital resources can be curated freely from the Internet. Having said that, always request permission if it is not stated on the site. Be sure that you recognize and use “creative commons” licenses - a simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions so that others know the level of reuse which may include distributing, remixing, tweaking, and building upon someone’s original work, even commercially, as long as you give credit to the original creation. Ordering/acquiring – free vs licensed (LibGuides is a licensed product.) Available vs accessible Filtering and blocked access – The webliography for this workshop includes AASL ’s Position statements on this topic. Librarians need to work with tech support staff, administrators and other decision makers to demonstrate the educational uses of Web 2.0 communication and presentation tools. As money gets tighter in budgets, now is a good time to promote free web-based tools. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Group Discussion Slide – Ask participants to think about this aspect of collection development in terms of digital resources. Students today are visual and digital learners. Show the difference between the IPL2 site for Work & Money Sites for Teens and the Only2Clicks version. The role/purpose of the library website - Selecting a “parking lot” or “sand box” such as LibGuides How do you teach and promote virtually? August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Quote from Gwyneth Anne Jones, who works as a teacher-librarian in Laurel, Md. And is known as the Daring Librarian in her blog ( one of the Library Journal ’s Movers & Shakers of 2011, responding to a interview question. We as librarians need to create a personal and virtual presence on our library websites. The public and those we work with and for need to see our contributions. Librarians tend to be reticent about posting photos, their professional accomplishments, their contact info, or interests on library websites. If we don ’t advertise our expertise, no one else will do it for us. Additionally, the practice of criticizing colleagues because they do promote their expertise needs to stop. We need to encourage and celebrate the successes of each other! When the going gets tough, don’t circle the wagon and shoot in at each other! [Deb Kachel will now get off her bandwagon!  ] August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Pathfinders, a concept from the 1970s, are guides intended to help library users get started doing research on a particular topic. They used to be created as photocopied handouts. Since the Internet, they have been created as Word and html files to include websites as well as sources from the local library. IPL2, formerly the Internet Public Library site, has simple pathfinders of web links. Check them out at Show the Fairy Tales IPL2 site. LibGuides are like pathfinders 2.0. They are more graphical, can embed audio, video and other html code, and have multiple pages (tabs across the top)—show the Georgia Peach site. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • For example, on the “Spartan Guide” developed by Joyce Valenza for her Springfield Township High School called “Databases and Pathfinders” identify: tabs representing added pages subpages (a dropdown list from a tab) boxes of “content” - Scroll down where Joyce has added text on Evaluating Databases to help guide students. URL for LibGuide on Databases and Pathfinders August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Click on link to show full guide. Here is Joyce ’s LibGuide on Research Tools which includes basic steps, “Letter to My Seniors,” standards, how to write a paper, and other advice and instruction in addition to links and other web tools appropriate to researching. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Click link to show full guide. Here is a different LibGuide that Joyce has developed called “TL Guides” - guides for practicing teacher librarians and TL wannabees! August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Click on link to show full page. August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Digital Collection Curation Workshop LibGuide Tour of Effective Practice August 15, 2011 Digital Collection Development Workshop
  • Digital Collection Development Presentation #1

    1. 1. Digital Collection Development: “Curating” Content & Tools for K-12 Students Workshop authors: Dr. Joyce Kasman Valenza and Debra E. Kachel August 5, 2011
    2. 2. This workshop was made possible with funds from: The Pennsylvania Department of Education Commonwealth Libraries Bureau of Library Development Library Services & Technology Act (LSTA) Funds August 2011
    3. 3. WebJunction Pennsylvania, a service of ACCESS Pennsylvania, will be used to archive and store resources and links for this workshop. WJPA provides an online learning community for librarians to share ideas, news, and engage in online courses and other professional development. A free, user-created login is required. NOTE: All materials for this workshop are also included in the Digital Collection Curation Workshop LibGuide at
    4. 4. Workshop Overview <ul><li>Collection development in the digital environment places the librarian in the role of “curator”– selecting, organizing, and presenting both digital content and tools so that students and patrons can access them anywhere & anytime. This workshop will teach librarians how to create online guides or “pathfinders” to the resources they select to meet the needs of library users. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Workshop Objectives <ul><li>Participants will: </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace an expanded concept of “collection” to include digital content and tools, </li></ul><ul><li>Apply collection development strategies to digital resources, </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize the library user as selector, collaborator, and information producer, </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to use some basic types of digital tools appropriate for K-12 students, </li></ul><ul><li>Create a digital guide or pathfinder with LibGuides, selecting traditional resources and digital content & tools. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Defining a library “collection” <ul><li>Group of resources or information made physically available or electronically accessible to the library ’s user </li></ul><ul><li>Selected or collected by a librarian or in collaboration with teachers, students, and others, including experts </li></ul><ul><li>Based on selection criteria or a collection development policy to meet the needs of the institution and its users </li></ul>
    7. 7. From Empowering Learners , the AASL guidelines <ul><li>“ The school library media program includes flexible and equitable access to physical and virtual collections of resources that support the school curriculum and meet the diverse needs of all learners (33).” </li></ul><ul><li>One of the ACTIONS for the school librarian: “Designs and maintains a library website that provides 24/7 access to digital information sources, instructional interventions, reference services, links to other libraries and academic sites, information for parents, and exhibits of exemplary student work (34).” </li></ul>
    8. 8. Expanding our definition of library “resources” <ul><li>PRINT - books, periodicals, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>DIGITAL/ELECTRONIC – AV, websites and web-based tools, software, ebooks, licensed databases, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>EQUIPMENT/DEVICES - flip cameras, audio recorders, laptops and other mobile computing devices needed to view, listen, watch, record, or produce information </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER –community resources (museum, arboretum, etc.), student work, experts, or services like ILL and distance learning courses </li></ul>
    9. 9. Let’s talk about Websites <ul><li>Examples: NASA , PBS , International Children ’ s Digital Library POWER Library databases </li></ul><ul><li>Can be free or licensed </li></ul><ul><li>Constantly updated info on specific subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Selected to meet the school ’s curriculum/ library’s mission </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Animoto , Glogster , Jing , wikispaces </li></ul><ul><li>Can be free or licensed </li></ul><ul><li>New features can be added in updates </li></ul><ul><li>Selected as learning tools for students to organize or communicate content </li></ul>Content-based Tool or Application Based NOTE: Check out the web tools at AASL ’ s Best Websites for Teaching and Learning .
    10. 10. What is Digital Collection Curation? <ul><li>The selection and assembly of a focused group of resources into a single, web-based presentation that meets an identified purpose or need and has meaning for a specific audience. </li></ul>Resources, while mostly web sites and tools, can include traditional library resources, as well as customized instruction and recommended “people & places” relevant to the topic.
    11. 11. What ’s the difference from traditional collection development? <ul><li>Traditional library “collecting” implies organizing a collection of resources for lots of users for multiple purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Curating is much more targeted and highly selective, often telling a “story” much like a museum curator does in the staging of a collection. </li></ul><ul><li>Curation is a shared environment in which librarians and others verify and add resources to existing collections; involves building and aggregating ( “mashup” or “remix”); using others work (with permission) </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Mostly print, physical collection </li></ul><ul><li>Fairly static collection (money an issue) </li></ul><ul><li>General- for many users with many purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by one institution for one institution </li></ul><ul><li>Institution access and use (in-library usage or visit required to borrow) </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly electronic, virtual collection </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid, constantly updated (money not necessarily an issue) </li></ul><ul><li>Focused topics or purposes for a specific audience </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by many for many </li></ul><ul><li>Global access and use, beyond the local library (think wikipedia) </li></ul>Collection Development Digital Collection Curation
    13. 13. Why curation ? “ Curation comes up when search stops working. But it ’ s more than a human-powered filter. Curation comes up when people realize that it isn ’ t just about information seeking, it ’ s also about synchronizing a community. Part of the reason that human curation is so critical is simply the vast number of people who are now making and sharing media. Everyone is a media outlet. ” Blogger, author, and NYU professor Clay Shirky, quoted in Mashable
    14. 14. <ul><li>Yes, we are blowing the doors off the library! It ’s time! </li></ul>
    15. 15. The Collection Development Process
    16. 16. Needs Assessment <ul><li>Traditional Print World </li></ul><ul><li>What is the library ’s mission? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are our library users? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Languages spoken </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are the needs of our library users? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal interests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Digital World </li></ul><ul><li>What else is important? </li></ul>
    17. 17. Collection Assessment <ul><li>Traditional Print World </li></ul><ul><li>Current collection </li></ul><ul><li>Usage data </li></ul><ul><li>Growth rates </li></ul><ul><li>Collection goals </li></ul><ul><li>Digital World </li></ul><ul><li>Does use of print resources predict use of digital resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Can usage statistics of digital resources be collected and useful? </li></ul><ul><li>Who does collection assessment? </li></ul><ul><li>Other issues </li></ul>
    18. 18. Selection <ul><li>Traditional Print World </li></ul><ul><li>Universe of resources-where and how do you find available titles? Review sources? </li></ul><ul><li>Policies & procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selection criteria, subjects collected, languages, formats, multiple copies, intellectual freedom, gifts, lending policies, ILL, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weeding </li></ul><ul><li>Digital World </li></ul><ul><li>What digital resources should be collected? </li></ul><ul><li>Who selects? </li></ul><ul><li>Do they “age”? </li></ul>
    19. 19. Acquisition <ul><li>How is “acquiring” digital resources different than print resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Costs? </li></ul><ul><li>Access? </li></ul><ul><li>Filtering? </li></ul>Be sure that you recognize and use “creative commons” licenses -
    20. 20. Organization & Presentation <ul><li>What needs to be considered when making digital content & tools available to students, teachers, and library patrons? Especially when accessed outside the library. </li></ul>For example, compare these two: IPL2 for Teens: Work & Money and Only2Clicks versions.
    21. 21. Here ’s why you are learning how to use LibGuides <ul><li>“ ... My advice to librarians who are going through some sort of transition or downsizing is to step up their web presence . You can’t easily get rid of what you see. The more visible librarians are in their community or school or district, the less likely that they’ll be taken away. Those teacher librarians who are hiding their brilliant programs under a bushel, that’s when they’re most likely to get cut because their program is not visible to the community. When libraries get cut, people say, “So what are they doing? They’re just checking out books.” That’s what we have to fight – that perception!” Gwyneth Anne Jones </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Strauss, Valerie. “ What is Literacy Today? The Daring Librarian Explains .” Washington Post-Answer Sheet blog. July 22, 2011 </li></ul>
    22. 22. What is a LibGuide? <ul><li>A mini website on a topic </li></ul><ul><li>A common platform used by public and academic libraries to highlight library resources & web links to connect them with library users </li></ul><ul><li>An electronic “pathfinder” that includes web tools, library resources, customized instruction, and/or library services </li></ul><ul><li>More graphical; uses html, but you don ’t need to know it! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre Web 2.0 pathfinder - IPL2 ’s Pathfinder “ Fairy Tales ” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using LibGuides - Georgia Peach Book Award Nominees 2009-10 </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. What is the Structure of a LibGuide? <ul><li>Guides consist of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pages (represented by tabs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>subpages (a dropdown list from a tab) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>boxes of “content” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>boxes can contain simple text, images, links to other URLs, rss feeds, videos, polls, widgets, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: SpartanGuide for “ Databases and Pathfinders ” (Valenza’s Springfield Township High School) </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. LibGuide on Research Tools
    25. 25. LibGuide for teacher librarians created for library science schools
    26. 26. LibGuide on New Web Tools
    27. 27. Tour of Effective Practice Part of the Digital Collection Curation Workshop LibGuide created for the PaLibraries Project <ul><li>Go to our Curation LibGuide at </li></ul><ul><li>Click on the “Tour of Effective Practice” tab/page. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at School Library Examples or scroll down to Public Library Examples, University Examples, or Special Library Examples. </li></ul>Please take a few minutes to look at some of these LibGuides for ideas. Share something interesting or useful you find.