FINISHING HEAT TREATMENT Furnaces/Blast/Gate Cutting/ Metallurgy Laboratory/Painting Developed by: Bernardo Kostetzer Alme...
Process Flowchart
Jets <ul><li>Equipment:Cabin Jet </li></ul><ul><li>(directed) </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity :17 ton. </li></ul><ul><li>Dimens...
Jets <ul><li>Equipment: Track </li></ul><ul><li>Shotblast  </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity:750 kg.  per load. </li></ul>
Jets <ul><li>Equipment: Track </li></ul><ul><li>Shotblast </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: 2.500 Kg. per load </li></ul>
Jets <ul><li>Equipment: Table Shotblast </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: 2,5 ton.  </li></ul><ul><li>per load </li></ul><ul><li...
Gate Cutting <ul><li>Oxygen and GLP . </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: Small-scale Parts </li></ul><ul><li>For carbon steel,chr...
Gate Cutting <ul><li>Iron Dust and GLP </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: Cutting small and large parts .  </li></ul><ul><li>For ...
Gate Cutting <ul><li>Disc Gate Cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended for small and large parts, making a groove in the are...
Gate Cutting <ul><li>Gate Cutting by Breaking </li></ul><ul><li>The feeder is choked to assist the break on impact. </li><...
Gate Cutting <ul><li>Universal Cut-Off Machine </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter of cutting disc : 800 mm. </li></ul><ul><li>Peri...
<ul><li>Scarfing with graphite electrode. </li></ul><ul><li>To remove metal left by the cutting . </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: T...
Scarfing <ul><li>Part after cutting  Part after scarfing  </li></ul>
Heat Treatment   <ul><li>Types: </li></ul><ul><li>Dead Annealing; </li></ul><ul><li>Annealing for Gate Cutting; </li></ul>...
Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Car-Type Oven </li></ul><ul><li>Oven I - Oil (schist) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Capacity: ...
Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Car-Type Oven : </li></ul><ul><li>Oven II - Oil (schist) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Capacit...
Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Car-Type Oven: </li></ul><ul><li>Oven IV - Oil (schist) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Capacity...
Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Bell Furnace  </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment: Oven V  Electric. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: 1...
Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Car-Type Oven </li></ul><ul><li>Oven VIII - Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity:750 kg/loa...
Hardness <ul><li>King Tester Appuratus </li></ul><ul><li>Portable apparatus used in the  measurement of Brinell hardness o...
Hardness <ul><li>Equotip Apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Used in the measurement of hardness of large parts. </li></ul>
Painting of Parts <ul><li>Painting  Cabin .  </li></ul>
Metallurgy Laboratory <ul><li>Hardness Test; </li></ul><ul><li>Tensile, compression, bend </li></ul><ul><li>and bending Te...
Hardness Test <ul><li>Bench Hardness Gage. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to measure the hardness of small parts in the metallurgy...
Materials Test <ul><li>Universal Test Machine. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended range : </li></ul><ul><li>0 to 60.000 kgf; </...
Charpy Impact Test <ul><li>Equipment: Impact machine. </li></ul><ul><li>Nominal Range: 30 kpm  </li></ul><ul><li>Tests car...
Metallographic Analysis <ul><li>Microscope </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: to establish the constituents and texture of metallurgic...
Metallography
Quality Certificates <ul><li>Quality Certificate 3 -1B. </li></ul><ul><li>German  </li></ul><ul><li>English </li></ul><ul>...
COPRAL 2006 Getting to know Altona’s processes
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Heat treatment presentation

  1. 1. FINISHING HEAT TREATMENT Furnaces/Blast/Gate Cutting/ Metallurgy Laboratory/Painting Developed by: Bernardo Kostetzer Almerindo Romanus
  2. 2. Process Flowchart
  3. 3. Jets <ul><li>Equipment:Cabin Jet </li></ul><ul><li>(directed) </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity :17 ton. </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions : </li></ul><ul><li>Shot Cabins 1 and 2 </li></ul><ul><li>3000 x 5500 x 2200mm. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Jets <ul><li>Equipment: Track </li></ul><ul><li>Shotblast </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity:750 kg. per load. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Jets <ul><li>Equipment: Track </li></ul><ul><li>Shotblast </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: 2.500 Kg. per load </li></ul>
  6. 6. Jets <ul><li>Equipment: Table Shotblast </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: 2,5 ton. </li></ul><ul><li>per load </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions: 2400 x 2400 x 1600 mm. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gate Cutting <ul><li>Oxygen and GLP . </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: Small-scale Parts </li></ul><ul><li>For carbon steel,chromium molybdenum,and chromium-nickel molybdenum parts. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Gate Cutting <ul><li>Iron Dust and GLP </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: Cutting small and large parts . </li></ul><ul><li>For parts with chromium elements above 5% and inoxidable steel </li></ul><ul><li>GLP – for large-scale parts. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gate Cutting <ul><li>Disc Gate Cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended for small and large parts, making a groove in the area of the cut,followed by a break on impact . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gate Cutting <ul><li>Gate Cutting by Breaking </li></ul><ul><li>The feeder is choked to assist the break on impact. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gate Cutting <ul><li>Universal Cut-Off Machine </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter of cutting disc : 800 mm. </li></ul><ul><li>Peripheral speed: 100 m/seg. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum diameter cut: 200 mm. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Scarfing with graphite electrode. </li></ul><ul><li>To remove metal left by the cutting . </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: To reduce grinding time and save the grinding wheel. </li></ul>Scarfing
  13. 13. Scarfing <ul><li>Part after cutting Part after scarfing </li></ul>
  14. 14. Heat Treatment <ul><li>Types: </li></ul><ul><li>Dead Annealing; </li></ul><ul><li>Annealing for Gate Cutting; </li></ul><ul><li>Normalizing; </li></ul><ul><li>Quenching – water and oil; </li></ul><ul><li>Tempering; </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Relief; </li></ul><ul><li>Austenitizing. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Car-Type Oven </li></ul><ul><li>Oven I - Oil (schist) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Capacity: 18 ton. / load </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions : 2320 x 4250 x 1580 mm </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Temperature: 1100°C </li></ul>
  16. 16. Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Car-Type Oven : </li></ul><ul><li>Oven II - Oil (schist) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Capacity: </li></ul><ul><li>4 ton / load. </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions: 1750 x 3200 x 1220 mm. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Temperature: 1100°C. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Car-Type Oven: </li></ul><ul><li>Oven IV - Oil (schist) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Capacity: </li></ul><ul><li>50 ton / load. </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions: 5500 x 5640 x 1700 mm. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Temperature: 1100°C. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Bell Furnace </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment: Oven V Electric. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: 12 ton/load. </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions: 4000 x 2400 x 1800. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum temperature: 950°C. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Heat Treatment Furnaces <ul><li>Car-Type Oven </li></ul><ul><li>Oven VIII - Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity:750 kg/load. </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions: 2200 x 1200 x 1100. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum temperature: 1200°C. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Hardness <ul><li>King Tester Appuratus </li></ul><ul><li>Portable apparatus used in the measurement of Brinell hardness of parts in the field . </li></ul>
  21. 21. Hardness <ul><li>Equotip Apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>Used in the measurement of hardness of large parts. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Painting of Parts <ul><li>Painting Cabin . </li></ul>
  23. 23. Metallurgy Laboratory <ul><li>Hardness Test; </li></ul><ul><li>Tensile, compression, bend </li></ul><ul><li>and bending Tests ; </li></ul><ul><li>Charpy impact Test; </li></ul><ul><li>Fluency Test; </li></ul><ul><li>Metallographic analysis; </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Certificate; </li></ul>
  24. 24. Hardness Test <ul><li>Bench Hardness Gage. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to measure the hardness of small parts in the metallurgy laboratory. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Materials Test <ul><li>Universal Test Machine. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended range : </li></ul><ul><li>0 to 60.000 kgf; </li></ul><ul><li>Tests carried out : </li></ul><ul><li>tensile,compression, bend,and bending. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Charpy Impact Test <ul><li>Equipment: Impact machine. </li></ul><ul><li>Nominal Range: 30 kpm </li></ul><ul><li>Tests carried out: with temperature from +20 to -196°C. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Metallographic Analysis <ul><li>Microscope </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: to establish the constituents and texture of metallurgical products. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Metallography
  29. 29. Quality Certificates <ul><li>Quality Certificate 3 -1B. </li></ul><ul><li>German </li></ul><ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese </li></ul>
  30. 30. COPRAL 2006 Getting to know Altona’s processes

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