Definit on •Is the interpersonal aspect of managing by which•Process through subordinates are led towhich a manager understand and contributecommunicates with effectively to the attainment of enterprisethe other members of objectives.the organization. • is the process to make people do what you have planned them to do in•Process through previouswhich the manager functions of managementenergizes the in order to achieve statedorganization to action. goal of the organization.
How to effectively carry out theManagerial Function of Directing • Make subordinates understand their jobs and according to the instructions presented. • Whatever plans are presented, can be employ only once the actual work starts. So there’s a need for the manager to constantly initiate the activity with them. • Inspire the workers so they can do best. • Maintain discipline and positive environment.
How good are the results thatyou get from your subordinates •Output/production- works should be finish on time •Quality and workmanship- minimum/zero error •Cost and budget control- manage resources well
Dir ingA AT ect s ool• The managers should take the management responsibilities if there is employee’s misconduct or actions.• The organization and the people always go together. Managers helps its people in professional planning and development.• Includes inspiring, communicating, and guiding.
ELEMENTS OF DIRECTING LEADERSHIP COMMUNICATION DELEGATION DECISION MAKING POLICIES AND PROCEDURES SUPERVISION COORDINATION MOTIVATION STAFF DEVELOPMENT CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
MOTIVATION•Is a difficult subject to approach because themanagement theorist no using ideas anddiscoveries and sociologist and psychologist. •To arouse, excite or influence behavior
COMMUNICATION •Communication is IDEATION regarded as basic to the functioning of the RESPONSE organization, in its ENCODINGabsence, the organizationwould cease to exist. It is the process through DECODING which two or more TRANSMISSION persons come to exchange ideas and understanding among RECIEVING themselves.
LEADERSHIP •True Leadership isabout taking people to aplace that they will not go to by themselves
SUPERVISION Means overseeing the activities of others. It is inspecting, guiding, evaluating and improving the work performance of employees.
Direction initiates actions to getthe desired results in anorganization.Direction attempts to getmaximum out of employees byidentifying their capabilities.Direction is essential to keepthe elements like Supervision,Motivation, Leadership and e anc ortCommunication effective.It ensures that every employee I mpwork for organizational goals.Coping up with the changes inthe Organization is possiblethrough effective direction.Stability and balance can beachieved through directing.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsNeed to realize one’s full potential as a person Need to be recognized as having valued skills Need to be accepted by others Concerning one’s survival needs Refers to basic needs
Herzberg’s Two Factory Theory of MotivationMOTIVATORS SATISFIERS Achievement Company Policies and Recognition Administration Advancement Quality of Supervision Work Challenge Relationship Supervisor Possibility for Growth Peer Relations Responsibility Pay Job Security Working Conditions Status
Harold LeavittMotivational Theory People do best in a chain of command. Hierarchy is best .
Legitimate Power• This power comes by virtue of a person’s occupying a position in an organization. As an example, the school teacher is generally expected to what subject matter should be discussed, in what order, using what teaching method.
Expert Power• This is the capacity to influence which arises from expert knowledge that the influencer has. As an example, we generally do what the doctor tells us to do when we’re suffering from an ailment, even though the doctor is not our superior in the organization
Referent Power• This is power that comes by virtue of some personal characteristic of the person which others identify with. As an example, Before the February Revolution, Cory Aquino could move hundreds and thousands of Filipinos to boycott certain business establishments even though she occupied no position in government at that time.
Reward Power• This is power that comes by virtue of a person’s ability to give or withhold resources which are valued by others. Thus, many politicians in our country have power which results from their ability to dispense patronage.
Punishment Power• Closely related to Reward Power, this is the power which comes from the capacity to deprive a person of something of value. As an example, A robber with a gun over our head has power over us.
Relationship Power• This is the power which comes from a system of informal personal obligations which has been built up between people. As an example, In the Philippines, Utang na Loob and long standing family alliances (especially in rural areas)are ready examples of this source of influence.
The Principle of Directing Objective• The basic purpose of Directing is contained in the principle that the more effective the directing process, the greater will be the contribution of subordinates to organizational goals
Principle of Harmony Objective• The more effective Directing is, the more individual will perceive that their personal goals are in harmony with enterprise objectives.
Principle of Unity of Command• The more completely an individual as a reporting relationship to a single superior, the less the problem of conflict in instructions and the greater the feeling of personal responsibility for results.
Group 3Lerica Ann BaldonanzaAngelica Fatima Del RosarioCamille Francesca FerolinoUzziel Jeenne RaquepoCyrene Santos