Dust bowl


Published on

PowerPoint Presentation on the Cause and Effect of the Great Depression

Published in: Education
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Dust bowl

  1. 1. United States in the 1930’s and up to world War II<br />The great Depression<br />
  2. 2. Causes of the Great Depression<br />Unequal distribution of wealth<br />Overproduction<br />Extensive stock market speculation (Bull Market)<br />Calvin Coolidge's administration (1920’s)favored business. The rich got richer and the poor got poorer<br />Agricultural problems- exports on decline<br />9000 banks fail in 1930- too many loans and no insurance in banking system<br />No unemployment insurance or public relief <br />
  3. 3. Great Depression in Urban and Rural AMerica<br />Urban Areas<br />Industrial cities major factory shutdowns<br />Increase in unemployment/ evictions<br />No relief funds available<br />Rural Areas<br />Disaster in South- cotton and tobacco prices fall<br />African American farmers suffer greatly<br />Dust Bowl creates huge droughts<br />
  4. 4. Songs of the Great depression<br />Radio and entertainment expanded during depression<br />Soap operas increased<br />Radio news arrived in 1930’s <br />Key factor in politics<br />Songs about depression, government fallouts, and labor disputes filled the airwaves.<br />Example: Peter Seeger“Bacon, Beans, and Gravy”<br />Woody Guthrie “This Land is Your Land”<br />
  5. 5. Class Discussion<br />Listen to the songs<br />Follow along with the words<br />Let’s Discuss<br />Think/ Pair/ Share<br />What do you think the singer is talking about?<br />Remember elements of Folk tales <br />
  6. 6. Hoover vs. roosevelt<br />Election of 1932 Hoover vs. Roosevelt<br />Hoover (Republican) conservative, nothing he did seemed to help the country-wanted to restore business confidence couldn’t find a successful way to do so. High unemployment rate but Hoover refuses to give direct relief – Growing unrest during end of presidency<br />Roosevelt (Democrat) Liberal – from wealthy family, wanted to employ as many people as possible for the government, build up the economy.<br />Came from a rich family, educated and became governor of New York in 1928<br />
  7. 7. Roosevelt’s New Deal<br />Elected for four terms the most of any president<br />Alphabet agencies – New Deal<br />Passed Emergency Banking Act<br />Significant shift in political and domestic policy in the U.S<br />Lasting changes = increased gov’t control on economy and money supply<br />Relief, Recovery, Reform<br />
  8. 8. Agencies of the new deal (1933)<br />In Roosevelt's first Hundred Days many acts were introduced which were to form the basis of the New Deal.<br />Examples Include:<br />Emergency Banking Act 1933<br />National Industrial Recovery Act '33<br />Agricultural Adjustment Act 1933<br />Tennessee Valley Development Act '33<br />
  9. 9. FDR’s Second New Deal (1935-1938)<br />Huey Long demand redistribution- push FDR to the Left<br />WPA- Big public works program – creates thousands of jobs<br />Wagner Act- Guarantees labor unions right to organize and bargain<br />Social Security – huge development, part of our current political discussions<br />FDR reelected in 1936- with support of farmers, industrial workers, immigrants, and African Americans<br />
  10. 10. Dear Mrsroosevelt<br />Eleanor Roosevelt- Wife of President big component during the 1930’s<br />Worked with women and children for better rights and treatment<br />Worked with National Youth Association<br />Children wrote her daily for clothes , food, and money<br />
  11. 11. Final thoughts<br />If Eleanor Roosevelt was still around today…<br />Write her a letter with your present day concerns about our government, economy, education, etc. <br />One paragraph in length<br />Please be appropriate<br />These will be collected.<br />
  12. 12. Dust Bowl<br />Movie: Grapes of <br />Wrath <br />Made shortly after Dust Storm<br />Personal testimonies<br />
  13. 13. Dust Bowl and Western Famine<br />Ecological and economic disaster in southern Great Plains in early 30’s.<br />Dust blew away rich topsoil<br />Hardest regions hit = Kansas, Colorado, Western Oklahoma, Texas, and Easter New Mexico<br />Okies, people who migrated from Middle Western States and into California – seen as “White Trash”<br />
  14. 14. Helpful timeline<br />1929- Stock Market Crash<br />1932-Reconstruction Finance Corp<br />Bonus Ary/ FDR Pres<br />1933- 13 million unemployed<br />“Hundred Days”- New Deal<br />1935- Second New Deal<br />Social security<br />Dust Storm<br />1936- Roosevelt wins again<br />1937 – “Roosevelt Recession” begins<br />1938- Fair Labor Standards Act establishes first federal minimum wage<br />
  15. 15. Teacher Options:Projectoptions<br />(Option 1) New Deal Jeporardy Game<br />Create a board game that utilizes the programs and agencies of the New Deal or anything about FDR- biography and life as President<br />Be Creative<br />(Option 2) Newspaper<br />Create a newspaper that covers the Stock Market crash and interviews several people from the city who are suffering, or not from the crash<br />Several articles should be included<br />Pictures and advertisements should also be included<br />(Option 3) Dust Bowl Board Game<br /><ul><li> Create a board game that shows the hardship, travels, and effects of the Dust Bowl
  16. 16. Be Creative
  17. 17. Include illustrations/ color on game</li></li></ul><li>Teaching options:Grapes of Wrath: Video Presentation<br />Movie made in the 1940’s not long after the Dust Bowl<br />Describes a families struggles while traveling further west to escape dust bowl <br />Write down<br />Plot<br />Characters<br />Summary<br />Reflection<br />