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Physics and Chemistry 3rd ESO                                                                    Albarregas High School   ...
Physics and Chemistry 3rd ESO                                                           Albarregas High School      7. If ...
Physics and Chemistry 3rd ESO                                                                      Albarregas High School ...
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Atoms and their complexity

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Atoms and their complexity

  1. 1. Physics and Chemistry 3rd ESO Albarregas High School ATOMS AND THEIR COMPLEXITY Activities Usee the periodic table to look for the atomic number of the elements in those activities you need it. 1. Explain the differences between: (a) An atom and an element. (b) An atom and an ion. (c) An element and an isotope. (d) A cation and an anion. 2. In this picture you have the formulas used by Dalton for several compounds. Which of them are wrong according to the contemporary chemists? If you need it, look for information on the internet. 3. Complete the table: Particle Relative mass Relative charge Is it in the nucleus? proton 1 0 1/1840 4. According to present knowledge, these statements of the atomic theory of Dalton are false. Explain why. (a) Atoms are uncuttable particles. (b) All atoms of the same elements are equal. 5. Complete the table with the characteristics of several atoms. Use the periodic table to find the name or the symbol of the elements. Element Symbol Z A Protons Neutrons Electrons 10 22 42 20 Ca Lithium 7 6 8 Helium 3 18 8 6. Match the scientists with their experiments and their models of atom. “Plum pudding” model J. Dalton Undivisible particle N. Bohr Cathodic rays Nuclear model J. J. Thomson Gold foil experiment Electrons in shells E. Rutherford Little planetary systemTeacher: José Vicente Pacheco Pág 1 de 3
  2. 2. Physics and Chemistry 3rd ESO Albarregas High School 7. If the nucleus of an atom had the size of the head of a pin (diameter = 2 mm), how big would the atom be? Take into account that the atomic nucleus is one hundred thousands times smaller than the atom. 8. Iron has four different isotopes whose mass numbers are 54, 56, 57 and 60. How many protons, neutrons and electrons does each of them have? 9. Write the electron arrangement of these elements of the third period. What do they have in common? Element Symbol Z Electron arrangement Sodium Aluminium Phosphorus Chloride Argon 10. How many shells do the elements of the fifth period have? And the elements of the seventh period? 11.Write the electron arrangement of these elements of the thirteenth group. What do they have 11.Write in common? How many valence electrons do they have? Element Symbol Z Electron arrangement Boron Aluminium Gallium Thallium 12. Write the electron arrangement of all noble gasses. What do they have in common? 13. Complete the table with the characteristics of several ions. Use the periodic table to find the name or the symbol of the elements. Element Symbol Z A Protons Neutrons Electrons Charge 9 22 -1 42 20 Ca2+ Lithium 7 +1 5 8 -3 Helium 3 2 18 10 -2Teacher: José Vicente Pacheco Pág 2 de 3
  3. 3. Physics and Chemistry 3rd ESO Albarregas High School 14. Crossword: ACROSS DOWN 1. Positively charged subatomic particle 2. Scientist that discovered the atomic nucleus 5. ____________ number is the number of protons of a 3. Scientist that discovered the electron nucleus 4. Atoms of an element that have different number of 6. atom whose electrical charge is not balanced neutrons 7. Rutherford used a foil made of this metal in his 8. Very light particle that moves around the nucleus experiment 12. Letter or pair of letters used to represent an element 9. Subatomic particle that has no charge 13. It is used to represent a compound 10. Danish chemist who stated that electrons are arranged in shells 11. Heaviest part of an atom 14. British chemist who thought that atoms were unbreakable particles 15. Chemically inactive gasses 16. ____________ number is the number of particles of a nucleus 17. Thomson found __________ rays when he was trying to study electrical conductivity of gasses Activities from your P&C book On page 64: Exercise 15 On page 68: Exercise 21, 30, 34 and 35Teacher: José Vicente Pacheco Pág 3 de 3

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