Camarines Norte State College Daet, Camarines NorteSubmitted By:Jovelle J. Bucal BSED 1-C<br />Submitted to:<br />Ms. Katrina Pobre<br />
Genetically Modified Organism <br />Genetically modified organism (GMO) or genetically engineered organism (GEO) is an organism whose genetic material has been alter using genetic engineering techniques. These techniques, generally known as recombinant DNA. Technology, use DNA molecules from different source, which are combined into one molecule to create a new set of genes. This DNA is then transferred into an organism, giving it modified or novel genes.<br />
Advantages:<br /><ul><li> In 1986, field test of bacteria genetically engineered to protect plants from frost damage. (ice-minus bacteria) at a small biotechnology company called Advanced Genetic Science of Oakland, California.
They are used in biological and medical research, production of pharmaceutical drugs , experimental medicine (gene therapy) and agriculture (golden rice).</li></li></ul><li>Advantages:<br /><ul><li> Patent- protected food crops which are resistant to commercial herbicides or are able to produce pesticides proteins from within the plant, or stacked trait seeds, which do both.
In 2007, Monsanto’s trait technologies were planted on 246 million acres ( 1,000,000 km2) throughout the world, a growth of 13 percent from 2006.</li></li></ul><li>Advantages:<br /><ul><li> In the corn market, Monsanto’s triple-stack corn which combines Roundup Ready 2 weed control technology with YieldGard Corn Borer and YieldGard Rootworm insect control.
Transgenic animals are also becoming useful commercially.
More informed customers, because they need to make more informed decisions in regard to nutrition, agriculture and science.</li></li></ul><li>Advantages:<br /><ul><li>Less pesticide is needed to be used due to insect pest resistant plants.
More economically friendly as pesticides do not go into the air, soil, and water (especially freshwater supplies). Their production hazards to the environment also decreases.
Decrease in costs of growing and farming, due to the reduced use of pesticides.
Farmers have more income, which they could spend on such things as, for example, the education of their children.</li></li></ul><li>Advantages:<br /><ul><li>Less starvation in the world due to decreased food prices.
ALL GMOs that are sold in the market, due to the strict tests. If the slightest chance of health hazard, a GMO is NOT allowed to enter the markets.
Strict and very complex standards that GMOs have to fully meet.
More thoroughly understood crops due to the rigorous testing.
Scientific development of agriculture, health and related sciences due to the better understanding of the products. For example, the development of new medicines</li></li></ul><li>Advantages:<br /><ul><li>Farmers have more income, which they could spend on such things as, for example, the education of their children.
Less deforestation needed to feed the worlds growing population (UN projections say that the world population will reach 8.15 billion compared to 6.18 billion in year 2000). This decreases carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which in turn slows global warming.
Decrease in food prices due to lower costs and higher yield. As people in poor countries spend over half of their income on food alone, lower food prices mean an automatic reduction of poverty.
More nutritious. This has been proven and tested many times.
Rigorous testing of ALL GMO crops and products. This makes GMOs much safer than organic (the traditional) crops.</li></li></ul><li>Advantages:<br /><ul><li>Creation of “super foods” due to better knowledge. Super foods are types of food that are cheap to produce, grow fast in large quantities, highly nutritious.
New products. For examples, scientist identified the gene responsible for caffeine in coffee beans; by excluding this gene, decaffeinated coffee beans can be grown naturally.
Reduction of sicknesses and illnesses, as GMO crops are more nutritious. Vitamins and minerals can be provided to children and to people, where they were inaccessible before (i.e.: the world’s poorest and/or most secluded areas).
Developments of new kinds of crops that can be grown at extreme climates, for example, dry or freezing environments (like deserts). For example, scientist developed a type of tomato that grows in salty soil.</li></li></ul><li>Advantages:<br /><ul><li>Reduction of world starvation due to increased production.
As more crops (plants) can be grown and at more places, this decreases global warming through the increase of oxygen in the environment, decreasing the proportion of carbon dioxide. Two British economists note in a study that GM crops have also made significant contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by over 10 million tones. This is equivalent to removing five million cars from the road every year. In effect this means that people would have to choose between growing GMOs and giving up their vehicles.
Many Nobel Prize winners and prominent scientists support genetically modified crop research and production.
Beside humans, livestock and animals are also beneficiaries to the higher nutritious value of GMO crops. They have an increased resistance, productivity, and hardiness.</li></li></ul><li>Advantages:<br /><ul><li>Enhancement of the smell of food.
Decrease of maturation time of the plants, so they can be harvested sooner and more often during the year.
With time, possible customization of food to meet personal preferences.
Due to reduced costs of production, prices can be further reduced.Production of friendly bioherbicides and bioinsecticides through genetic engineering</li></li></ul><li>Advantages:<br /><ul><li>Reduced energy needs to produce GMO crops.
Experts estimate more than 1 trillion meals containing ingredients from biotech crops have been consumed over the last decade with no reliable documentation of any food safety issues for people or animals.
Genetically modified foods and crops are recognized by experts and regulatory authorities worldwide as being as safe as crops and foods.
People who are opposed to GMOs are not the farmers themselves, but people who can afford to buy food.
The needs of some consumers for GMO-free products lead to non-GMO labeling issues.</li></li></ul><li>G.M.O.<br />DISADVANTAGES<br />
Disadvantages:<br /><ul><li> Harm to other organisms. For example genes and their effect included in a crop may turn out to be poisonous to insects (monarch butterfly poisoned by GMO corns).
Cross-pollination with traditional, organic plants. Cross pollination can occur at quite large distances. New genes may also be included in the offspring of the traditional, organic crops miles away. This makes it difficult to distinguish which crop field is organic, and which is not, posing a problem to the proper labeling of non-GMO food products.</li></li></ul><li>Disadvantages:<br /><ul><li> Spread of new, more resistant "super weeds
As the USA is the biggest producer of GMO crops, their exports may rouse more anti-American feeling, due to “Americanization” worldwide.</li></li></ul><li>Disadvantages:<br /><ul><li>Possible damages to the environment.
Unharmonized test-, and safety standards around the world.
GMOs are made because it is possible to make them, not because consumers feel their need.
Possible creation of new kinds of weapons; genetic food and beverage weapons.</li></li></ul><li>Disadvantages:<br /><ul><li>Additional costs of labeling whether products are GMOs or not. This might increase costs of foods.
Widening corporate size gaps between food producing giants and smaller ones. This might cause a consolidation in the market: fewer competitors increase the risk of oligopolies, which might increase food prices.
Larger companies might have more political power. They might be able to influence safety and health standards (example: less stringent regulations, standards and requirements).</li></li></ul><li>Disadvantages:<br /><ul><li>Activists’ increased ability to boycott and influence food market, food retailing, and food prices.
Unforeseen risks and dangers due to the complexity of nature.
Allergies may become more intense, and also, new allergy types may develop.
Discrepancies in information flow. GMO producers stress the benefits, but are reluctant to talk about risks and dangers. </li></li></ul><li> SAY NO TO GMO !!<br />
Wonderful if you condone Rape, incest and lethal injections. Monsanto is mating human beings with plants and animals by forcible entry. In Mom’s world this is rape. In Mom’s world rape is the worst offense you can commit. This behavior is strictly against the laws of Nature and there is no doubt whatsoever that there will be consequences. Mating an animal gene with a plant gene is horrific enough but to mate a human gene with a plant is beyond belief. The gene pool is swimming in a toxic soup we have not seen since the beginning of time.<br />
WHERE HAVE ALL THE GMO’S GONE?<br /> They have gone to US corn flakes, corn syrup, pop corn, tortillas, soy milk and soy burgers, rice krispies, rice cakes, tomatoes, potatoes, baby food, dog food, bread. GMO Corn is feed to the cows that produce the dairy and meat products we eat and our kids eat. Milk, cheese, ice cream, hamburgers from MacDonald, Burger King and Tahoe Joes. GMO corn is feed to the chickens we roast and the eggs we eat. We have no labeling ban on GMO’s. GMO’s are everywhere and in everything. Potatoes have fish genes in them to keep them from freezing. Hersey uses GMO sugar beets to make Kisses. The Kiss of death only in America. Drugs, medicine, and vaccines for our kids all untested, unnatural, totally foreign red flag inducing genes running helter swelter through our blood streams making pig fat, fish scales, frog skin, boobs on boys, sterilizing sperm, and there is more.<br />
Manila, PHILIPPINES — Greenpeace today revealed that illegal GE (genetically-engineered) rice has contaminated the Philippine food chain, in the latest in a series of GE rice contamination scandals around the world. Bayer's LL601—which has not been approved for human consumption anywhere in the world except in the US last week—has contaminated rice products from the US which are currently on sale in Manila. The brand found to be contaminated by GE rice is "Uncle Sam Texas Long Grain Rice" which is distributed in the Philippines by Purefeeds Inc and sold in major supermarkets like Robinson's, Shopwise, and SM.<br /> Greenpeace volunteers, displays "Uncle Sam Texas Long Grain Rice" the brand which was found to be contaminated by GE rice. Greenpeace today revealed that illegal GE (genetically-engineered) rice has contaminated the Philippine food chain, in the latest in a series of GE rice contamination scandals around the world.<br />
conclusion<br /> I there for conclude that I have found that consumer fears regarding GMOs are blown out of proportion. They all reflect potential risks, but most effects are at most small in scope, even negligible. I do believe that GMO food production should not be continue for it has a possibility of damages to the environment. Only the creation of God should spread. There are many ethical issues related to the growing and consumption of genetically engineered crops. While each person can read these details and come to different conclusions on the value of genetically engineered foods as well as the ethical choices being made by the companies in charge of producing these foods. The ultimate choice on genetically engineered foods should be placed onto a well informed consumer not held in the dark by those in power of the government and large corporations which may not have the general public’s interests as their primary goal. That’s all thank you . .<br />