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Application of 3D Printing in Education

This paper provides a review of literature concerning the application of 3D printing in the education system. The review identifies that 3D Printing is being applied across the Educational levels [1] as well as in Libraries, Laboratories, and Distance education systems. The review also finds that 3D Printing is being used to teach both students and trainers about 3D Printing and to develop 3D Printing skills.

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International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research
Volume 7–Issue 07, 278-280, 2018, ISSN:-2319–8656
www.ijcat.com 278
Application of 3D Printing in Education
Mr. Shrinath S Pai,
Research Scholar,
Jain University,
Bangalore
India
Mr. Gourish B,
Asst Professor,
Dept of Computer,
Shree Guru
Sudhindra BCA
College, Bhatkal
India
Ms. Pallavi Moger,
Student, Dept of CS,
Shree Guru
Sudhindra BCA
College, Bhatkal
India
Mr. Pavan Mahale,
Student, Dept of CS,
Shree Guru
Sudhindra BCA
College, Bhatkal
India
Abstract: This paper provides a review of literature concerning the application of 3D printing in the
education system. The review identifies that 3D Printing is being applied across the Educational levels [1] as
well as in Libraries, Laboratories, and Distance education systems. The review also finds that 3D Printing is
being used to teach both students and trainers about 3D Printing and to develop 3D Printing skills.
Keywords: Education, 3DP, Education Application, School, Design
1. INTRODUCTION
3D Printing is a process for making a physical
object from a three-dimensional digital model, typically by
laying down many successive thin layers of a material. [2] It
brings a digital object (its CAD representation) into its
physical form by adding layer by layer of materials.
Even though 3D printers have been around for
almost 30 years, the recent rise of low-cost printers has led
some to proclaim the onset of a new industrial revolution.
Schools and libraries all over the world are bringing these
powerful tools to students in classrooms. [3]
For example, China is putting 3D printers in each of
its 400,000 elementary schools. In the U.S., we are adding 3D
printers into schools at a good rate, particularly into CAD
programs, but also into traditional art and social studies
classrooms and even business programs.
The result of bringing these tools into classrooms is
a rekindling of the powerful pedagogy of hands-on learning,
which was prevalent in American schools mid-twentieth
century. As we will demonstrate, 3D printing leverages hands-
on learning to deepen our educational approach to traditional
academic subjects.
2. OVERVIEW / HISTORY
Although 3D printing is commonly thought of as a
new ‘futuristic’ concept [4], it has actually been around for
more than 30 years.
The earliest 3D printing technologies first became visible in
the late 1980’s, at which time they were called Rapid
Prototyping (RP) technologies. This is because the processes
were originally conceived as a fast and more cost-effective
method for creating prototypes for product development
within industry.
3D Systems’ first commercial RP system, the SLA-1, was
introduced in 1987 and following rigorous testing the first of
these system was sold in 1988.
Throughout the 1990’s and early 2000’s a host of new
technologies continued to be introduced.
In 2007, the market saw the first system under $10,000 from
3D Systems, but this never quite hit the mark that it was
supposed to.
2012 was the year that alternative 3D printing processes were
introduced at the entry level of the market.
3D printer sales have been growing ever since, and as additive
manufacturing patents continue to expire, more innovations
can be expected in the years to come.
3D Printing essentially describes a assortment of technologies
that digitally formulate three dimensional objects on a
preservative layer‐by‐layer basis. Its official classification of
“additive manufacturing” (AM) is defined as “a process of
joining materials to make objects from 3D model data, usually
layer upon layer, as opposed to subtractive manufacturing
methodologies”. [5]
3D Printing possesses a number of advantages relative to
these processes. However, as an emerging technology, it is
still in development; it has yet to fully realise its full
performance and there are additional socioeconomic
challenges to overcome based on the novelty of the
technology.
The explosion in consumer 3D Printing originated with the
RepRap project, an open source project to create a self-
replicating robot. This project attracted significant interest
globally from members of the Maker movement. The
combination of this project and the rise of crowd funding
platforms such as Kick starter and Indiego go has enabled
numerous entrepreneurial ventures to launch onto the market.
3. 3D PRINTING
3D printers build objects using a process known as
additive manufacturing. Material is put down in layers; each
International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research
Volume 7–Issue 07, 278-280, 2018, ISSN:-2319–8656
www.ijcat.com 279
layer adds to the previous layer and in turn becomes a base for
the next layer. [6]
Most 3D printers in the consumer market use
thermoplastic inks in the printing process. These polymers
become soft and pliable within a temperature range and then
re-solidify when allowed to cool.
Typical manufacturing techniques are known as ‘Subtractive
Manufacturing’ such as Milling and Cutting. This type of
process creates a lot of waste since; the material that is cut off
generally cannot be used for anything else and is simply sent
out as scrap.
3D Printing eliminates such waste since the material is placed
in the location that it is needed only, the rest will be left out as
empty space.
4. 3D Printing Application Areas
3-D printing is extremely enlarging its application
areas. The capabilities of this 3 dimensional technology are
growing rapidly with the market demands. Today, this
technology has become a possible alternative to conventional
manufacturing processes [7] in an increasing number of
applications including engineering, automotive, medical,
education, fashion and many more. The advantages of 3-D
printing over traditional manufacturing methods have changed
the way; many things are designed, developed, produced and
tested.
3D Printing is currently used in following areas:
 Engineering
 Medical Sector
 Fashion Industry
 Landscaping & Sculpturing Services
 Education, Research & Development
 Automobile Engineering
 Aeronautical Engineering
 Robotics
 Construction Industry
 Environmental Conservation
 Specialty Materials
 3D Bioprinting
 Bio-Organ printing
 Health Sector
 Dental implants
 Skull and jaw implants
 Security and integration
5. 3D Printing Application in Education
3D printing technology is a rising technology in
universities, colleges and high schools. With this technology,
teaching and learning process has changed drastically.[8] 3
dimensional printing is a revolutionary and innovative
technology that brings with itself, new methods of learning
and understanding concepts that were very difficult with the
traditional methods.
3D Printing is widely used in Education Sector.
Chemistry: 3D Structures, Molecules, Organic Bonding,
Elements construction
Mathematics: Create geometrical objects, shapes
presentation.
Marketing: Sample Display Product, Chart, 3D Graphs
Sports Education: Blueprint of sports / games plan, Sample
sports equipments.
Fashion Technology: Dress Material Design,
Pre-Schools: Training objects, Teaching Aids
Networking: Network Topology Design, Network
Components Design
Aeronautical: Aerodynamics design, Solid Objects
Music Training: Musical Instrument Design (Demo)
Architecture: Building Design, Blueprint
History: Historical Object Design, Fossil & Monuments
Design,
Food Technology: Food Sample Design, Food Making
Graphic Design: Design on 3D Objects, Learning Tools
Geography: Models, Map Design
Engineering: Drawing, Production Unit Sample Design
Biology: Cell Structure, Specimens
Advantages of 3D printers in Education, Research &
Development:- [9]
 It gives the practical exposure to the participants.
 The blueprint of the object helps in understanding the
real object.
 Students of architecture, fine arts or biomedicine can
benefit from this state-of-the-art printing technology
 This 3D printing technology gives the students
complete understanding of objects and structures
 Prototype design helps students in understanding
subject.
 Students can give their digital data a physical
appearance with this technology
International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research
Volume 7–Issue 07, 278-280, 2018, ISSN:-2319–8656
www.ijcat.com 280
Conclusion
3D printing technology is a rising technology in
universities, colleges and high schools. With this technology,
teaching and learning process has changed drastically. 3
dimensional printing is a revolutionary
REFERENCES
[1] Simon Ford, Tim Minshall, 2016. 3D Printing in
education: a literature review, version 1.0 .
[2] Igor Verner, Amir M, Digital Design and 3D Printing in
technology teacher education, Procedia CIRP 36 ( 2015)
182-186.
[3] School News, The 3D Printing Revolution in Eucation, A
new approach to learning in the 21st
century.
[4] Kainant W, Hasnain A, Ovais H, Innovation in Education
– Inclusion of 3D-Printing technology in Modern Education
system, ISSN 2222-1735, Vol 8, No 1, 2017
[5] Alekos Pantazis, Christina Priavolou, 3D printing as a
means of learning and communication: The 3Ducation project
revisited, www.elsevier.com/locate/tele.
[6] Vasilis K, Vasilis N, Christos G, Open source 3D printing
as a means of learning: An educational experiment in two
high schools in Greece, Telematics and Informatics 32 (2015)
118–128
[7] Jennifer Loy, eLearning and eMaking: 3D Printing
Blurring the Digital and the Physical, Educ. Sci. 2014, 4, 108-
121; doi:10.3390/educsci4010108
[8] David Barlex, Making by printing – disruption inside and
outside school?
[9] 3D Printer, Buyer’s Guide, For Professional and
Production Applications

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Application of 3D Printing in Education

  • 1. International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research Volume 7–Issue 07, 278-280, 2018, ISSN:-2319–8656 www.ijcat.com 278 Application of 3D Printing in Education Mr. Shrinath S Pai, Research Scholar, Jain University, Bangalore India Mr. Gourish B, Asst Professor, Dept of Computer, Shree Guru Sudhindra BCA College, Bhatkal India Ms. Pallavi Moger, Student, Dept of CS, Shree Guru Sudhindra BCA College, Bhatkal India Mr. Pavan Mahale, Student, Dept of CS, Shree Guru Sudhindra BCA College, Bhatkal India Abstract: This paper provides a review of literature concerning the application of 3D printing in the education system. The review identifies that 3D Printing is being applied across the Educational levels [1] as well as in Libraries, Laboratories, and Distance education systems. The review also finds that 3D Printing is being used to teach both students and trainers about 3D Printing and to develop 3D Printing skills. Keywords: Education, 3DP, Education Application, School, Design 1. INTRODUCTION 3D Printing is a process for making a physical object from a three-dimensional digital model, typically by laying down many successive thin layers of a material. [2] It brings a digital object (its CAD representation) into its physical form by adding layer by layer of materials. Even though 3D printers have been around for almost 30 years, the recent rise of low-cost printers has led some to proclaim the onset of a new industrial revolution. Schools and libraries all over the world are bringing these powerful tools to students in classrooms. [3] For example, China is putting 3D printers in each of its 400,000 elementary schools. In the U.S., we are adding 3D printers into schools at a good rate, particularly into CAD programs, but also into traditional art and social studies classrooms and even business programs. The result of bringing these tools into classrooms is a rekindling of the powerful pedagogy of hands-on learning, which was prevalent in American schools mid-twentieth century. As we will demonstrate, 3D printing leverages hands- on learning to deepen our educational approach to traditional academic subjects. 2. OVERVIEW / HISTORY Although 3D printing is commonly thought of as a new ‘futuristic’ concept [4], it has actually been around for more than 30 years. The earliest 3D printing technologies first became visible in the late 1980’s, at which time they were called Rapid Prototyping (RP) technologies. This is because the processes were originally conceived as a fast and more cost-effective method for creating prototypes for product development within industry. 3D Systems’ first commercial RP system, the SLA-1, was introduced in 1987 and following rigorous testing the first of these system was sold in 1988. Throughout the 1990’s and early 2000’s a host of new technologies continued to be introduced. In 2007, the market saw the first system under $10,000 from 3D Systems, but this never quite hit the mark that it was supposed to. 2012 was the year that alternative 3D printing processes were introduced at the entry level of the market. 3D printer sales have been growing ever since, and as additive manufacturing patents continue to expire, more innovations can be expected in the years to come. 3D Printing essentially describes a assortment of technologies that digitally formulate three dimensional objects on a preservative layer‐by‐layer basis. Its official classification of “additive manufacturing” (AM) is defined as “a process of joining materials to make objects from 3D model data, usually layer upon layer, as opposed to subtractive manufacturing methodologies”. [5] 3D Printing possesses a number of advantages relative to these processes. However, as an emerging technology, it is still in development; it has yet to fully realise its full performance and there are additional socioeconomic challenges to overcome based on the novelty of the technology. The explosion in consumer 3D Printing originated with the RepRap project, an open source project to create a self- replicating robot. This project attracted significant interest globally from members of the Maker movement. The combination of this project and the rise of crowd funding platforms such as Kick starter and Indiego go has enabled numerous entrepreneurial ventures to launch onto the market. 3. 3D PRINTING 3D printers build objects using a process known as additive manufacturing. Material is put down in layers; each
  • 2. International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research Volume 7–Issue 07, 278-280, 2018, ISSN:-2319–8656 www.ijcat.com 279 layer adds to the previous layer and in turn becomes a base for the next layer. [6] Most 3D printers in the consumer market use thermoplastic inks in the printing process. These polymers become soft and pliable within a temperature range and then re-solidify when allowed to cool. Typical manufacturing techniques are known as ‘Subtractive Manufacturing’ such as Milling and Cutting. This type of process creates a lot of waste since; the material that is cut off generally cannot be used for anything else and is simply sent out as scrap. 3D Printing eliminates such waste since the material is placed in the location that it is needed only, the rest will be left out as empty space. 4. 3D Printing Application Areas 3-D printing is extremely enlarging its application areas. The capabilities of this 3 dimensional technology are growing rapidly with the market demands. Today, this technology has become a possible alternative to conventional manufacturing processes [7] in an increasing number of applications including engineering, automotive, medical, education, fashion and many more. The advantages of 3-D printing over traditional manufacturing methods have changed the way; many things are designed, developed, produced and tested. 3D Printing is currently used in following areas:  Engineering  Medical Sector  Fashion Industry  Landscaping & Sculpturing Services  Education, Research & Development  Automobile Engineering  Aeronautical Engineering  Robotics  Construction Industry  Environmental Conservation  Specialty Materials  3D Bioprinting  Bio-Organ printing  Health Sector  Dental implants  Skull and jaw implants  Security and integration 5. 3D Printing Application in Education 3D printing technology is a rising technology in universities, colleges and high schools. With this technology, teaching and learning process has changed drastically.[8] 3 dimensional printing is a revolutionary and innovative technology that brings with itself, new methods of learning and understanding concepts that were very difficult with the traditional methods. 3D Printing is widely used in Education Sector. Chemistry: 3D Structures, Molecules, Organic Bonding, Elements construction Mathematics: Create geometrical objects, shapes presentation. Marketing: Sample Display Product, Chart, 3D Graphs Sports Education: Blueprint of sports / games plan, Sample sports equipments. Fashion Technology: Dress Material Design, Pre-Schools: Training objects, Teaching Aids Networking: Network Topology Design, Network Components Design Aeronautical: Aerodynamics design, Solid Objects Music Training: Musical Instrument Design (Demo) Architecture: Building Design, Blueprint History: Historical Object Design, Fossil & Monuments Design, Food Technology: Food Sample Design, Food Making Graphic Design: Design on 3D Objects, Learning Tools Geography: Models, Map Design Engineering: Drawing, Production Unit Sample Design Biology: Cell Structure, Specimens Advantages of 3D printers in Education, Research & Development:- [9]  It gives the practical exposure to the participants.  The blueprint of the object helps in understanding the real object.  Students of architecture, fine arts or biomedicine can benefit from this state-of-the-art printing technology  This 3D printing technology gives the students complete understanding of objects and structures  Prototype design helps students in understanding subject.  Students can give their digital data a physical appearance with this technology
  • 3. International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research Volume 7–Issue 07, 278-280, 2018, ISSN:-2319–8656 www.ijcat.com 280 Conclusion 3D printing technology is a rising technology in universities, colleges and high schools. With this technology, teaching and learning process has changed drastically. 3 dimensional printing is a revolutionary REFERENCES [1] Simon Ford, Tim Minshall, 2016. 3D Printing in education: a literature review, version 1.0 . [2] Igor Verner, Amir M, Digital Design and 3D Printing in technology teacher education, Procedia CIRP 36 ( 2015) 182-186. [3] School News, The 3D Printing Revolution in Eucation, A new approach to learning in the 21st century. [4] Kainant W, Hasnain A, Ovais H, Innovation in Education – Inclusion of 3D-Printing technology in Modern Education system, ISSN 2222-1735, Vol 8, No 1, 2017 [5] Alekos Pantazis, Christina Priavolou, 3D printing as a means of learning and communication: The 3Ducation project revisited, www.elsevier.com/locate/tele. [6] Vasilis K, Vasilis N, Christos G, Open source 3D printing as a means of learning: An educational experiment in two high schools in Greece, Telematics and Informatics 32 (2015) 118–128 [7] Jennifer Loy, eLearning and eMaking: 3D Printing Blurring the Digital and the Physical, Educ. Sci. 2014, 4, 108- 121; doi:10.3390/educsci4010108 [8] David Barlex, Making by printing – disruption inside and outside school? [9] 3D Printer, Buyer’s Guide, For Professional and Production Applications