History of photography


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History of photography

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History of photography

  1. 1. History of photography. By Josh Stanton.
  2. 2. Camera obscuras. Used in a dark room. A blacked out room. Just with a pinhole in, projecting what’s outside to a wall inside. Nothing actually used but the materials to black the room out and the knife to cut the hole. The picture projects upside down.Ancient Years
  3. 3. First permanent photo This was created by the French inventor, Joseph Nicéphore Niépce. It was of a barn outside of his house. His photographs were produced on a polished pewter plate covered with a petroleum derivative called bitumen of Judea, which he then dissolved in white petroleum.Ancient 1826 Years
  4. 4. Daguerreotype After Niépces 1833 death, Daguerre continued to research the chemistry and mechanics of recording images by coating copper plates with iodized silver. In 1835 Daguerre discovered—after accidentally breaking a mercury thermometer, according to traditional accounts—a method of developing the faint or invisible images on plates that had been exposed for only 20 to 30 minutes. A solar eclipse on 18th July 1851, using DaguerreotypeAncient 1826 1835 Years
  5. 5. William Henry Fox Talbot (Negative) Talbot said he engaged his photographic experiments beginning in early 1834, well before 1839, when Louis Daguerre exhibited his pictures taken by the sun. Talbots negative/positive process eventually succeeded as the basis for almost all 19th and 20th century photography. The negative meant that the print could be reproduced as many times as was required. The daguerreotype was a direct positive process and not reproducible.Ancient 1826 1835 Years
  6. 6. Cyanotypes The English scientist and astronomer Sir John Herschel discovered this procedure in 1842. Though the process was developed by Herschel, he considered it as mainly a means of reproducing notes and diagrams, as in blueprint. It was Anna Atkins who brought this to photography. Atkins placed specimens directly onto coated paper, allowing the action of light to create a sillhouette effect.Ancient 1826 1835 1842 Years
  7. 7. First moving image • In 1878 Eadweard Muybridge photographed a horse named "Occident" in fast motion using a series of 12 stereoscopic cameras. The first experience successfully took place on June 11 at the Palo Alto farm in California. The cameras were arranged along a track parallel to the horses, and each of the camera shutters was controlled by a trip wire which was triggered by the horses hooves.Ancient 1826 1835 1842 1878 Years
  8. 8. First mass market camera George Eastman started manufacturing paper film in 1885 before switching to celluloid in 1889. His first camera, which he called the "Kodak," was first offered for sale in 1888. It was a very simple box camera with a fixed-focus lens and single shutter speed, which along with its relatively low price appealed to the average consumer. The Kodak came pre- loaded with enough film for 100 exposures and needed to be sent back to the factory for processing and reloading when the roll was finished. By the end of the 19th century Eastman had expanded his lineup to several models including both box and folding cameras.Ancient 1826 1835 1842 1878 1888 Years
  9. 9. Polaroid • The instant camera is a type of camera that generates a developed film image. The most popular types to use self- developing film were formerly made by Polaroid Corporation. • The invention of modern instant cameras is generally credited to American scientist Edwin Land, who unveiled the first commercial instant camera, the Land Camera, in 1948, a year after unveiling instant film in New York City. The earliest instant camera, which consisted of a camera and portable darkroom in a single compartment, was invented in 1923 by Samuel ShlafrockAncient 1826 1835 1842 1878 1888 1948 Years
  10. 10. First digital camera • The first recorded attempt at building a digital camera was in 1975 by Steven Sasson, an engineer at Eastman Kodak. The camera weighed 8 pounds (3.6 kg), recorded black and white images to a cassette tape, had a resolution of 0.01 megapixels (10,000 pixels), and took 23 seconds to capture its first image in December 1975.Ancient 1826 1835 1842 1878 1888 1948 1975 Years