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Joshua Shinavier, Jans Aasman

   Real-time Semantic Web
  with Twitter Annotations




2010 Semantic Technology Conference
            June 24th, 2010
Overview


•   real-time social data and the Semantic Web

•   Twitter Annotations

•   vocabulary mappings for Annotations

•   use cases

•   data integration with TwitLogic

•   real-time, real-place Semantic search




                           2
Towards real-time Semantic Web


•   let’s mash up the “real-time” social Web with the
    Semantic Web

•   requires rich, structured data

•   services such as Facebook and Twitter are beginning
    to supply this data

    •   e.g. Twitter Places, Twitter Annotations




                             3
Twitter Annotations



•   Annotations are structured data attached to a tweet

•   expressed in JSON or XML

•   constrained structure, open vocabulary

•   consist of “types” (like classes) and “attributes” (like
    properties)

•   coming soon!




                              4
Annotations example

...
"text":"the Karate Kids: karate vs. kung fu...",
"annotations":[
    {"movie":{
       "title":"The Karate Kid",
       "url":"http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid/",
       "text":"The Karate Kid (1984)"}},
    {"movie":{
       "title":"The Karate Kid",
       "url":"http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid_2010",
       "text":"The Karate Kid (2010)"}}],
...




                                 5
Annotations are community-driven


•   recommended types include:

    •   web pages, places, reviews, songs, movies, TV
        shows, books, products and product offerings,
        stocks, events...

•   ...but these are just a starting point

•   Twitter aims to borrow from RDFa, Microformats,
    Facebook Open Graph, AB Meta and
    Activitystrea.ms




                             6
Annotations + Semantic Web

    •   how do we interlink Annotations
        vocabularies?

    •   how do we interlink the data?

    •   how do we query over the data?

    •   these are Semantic Web problems

    •   why not:

        •   map types into existing Semantic Web
            vocabularies

        •   link Annotations resources into
            existing Linked Data datasets


                     7
Annotations types             ontologies
“webpage”               foaf:Document
 “place”               geonames:Feature
 “review”                 rev:Review
  “song”                  mo:Track
 “movie”                  movie:film
 “tvshow”                 po:Series
“product”   gr:ActualProductOrServiceInstance
  “offer”                 gr:Offering
 “event”                 event:Event
    ...                       ...
                   8
Linking into the Semantic Web

...
"text":"the Karate Kids: karate vs. kung fu...",
"annotations":[
    {"movie":{
       "title":"The Karate Kid",
       "url":"http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid",
       "text":"The Karate Kid (1984)”,
       "sameas":"http://dbpedia.org/resource/The_Karate_Kid"}},
    {"movie":{
       "title":"The Karate Kid",
       "url":"http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid_2010",
       "text":"The Karate Kid (2010)",
       "sameas":"http://dbpedia.org/resource/The_Karate_Kid_
%282010_film%29"}}],
...




                                 9
“Stream me tweets about...
           ...places in developing countries”




PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#>
PREFIX owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#>
PREFIX sioc: <http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#>
PREFIX geonames: <http://www.geonames.org/ontology#>
SELECT DISTINCT ?post WHERE {
    ?post sioc:embeds_knowledge ?graph .
    ?post sioc:topic ?place .
    GRAPH ?graph {
        ?place rdf:type geonames:Feature .
        ?place owl:sameAs ?geoplace .
    } .
    ?geoplace geonames:inCountry ?c .
    ?country geonames:inCountry ?c .
    ?country owl:sameAs ?dbc .
    ?dbc rdf:type <http://dbpedia.org/class/yago/LeastDevelopedCountries> .
}



                                     10
“Stream me tweets about...
...English-language movies starring Chinese actors”




  PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#>
  PREFIX owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#>
  PREFIX sioc: <http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#>
  PREFIX dbo: <http://dbpedia.org/ontology/>
  SELECT DISTINCT ?post WHERE {
      ?post sioc:embeds_knowledge ?graph .
      ?post sioc:topic ?movie .
      GRAPH ?graph {
          ?movie rdf:type dbo:Film .
          ?movie owl:sameAs ?dbmovie .
      } .
      ?dbmovie dbo:language <http://dbpedia.org/resource/English_language> .
      ?dbmovie dbo:starring ?actor .
      ?actor rdf:type <http://dbpedia.org/class/yago/ChineseActors> .
  }




                                       11
“Stream me tweets about...
           ...songs by artists my friends like”



                                   FOAF

PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#>
PREFIX owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#>
PREFIX sioc: <http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#>
PREFIX foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>
SELECT DISTINCT ?post WHERE {
    ?post sioc:embeds_knowledge ?graph .
    ?post sioc:topic ?song .
    GRAPH ?graph {
        ?song rdf:type mo:Track .
        ?song owl:sameAs ?mbtrack .
    } .
    ?album mo:track ?mbtrack .
    ?artist foaf:made ?album .
    ?friend foaf:interest ?artist .
    ?me foaf:knows ?friend .
}



                                     12
An emerging ecosystem




•   TwitLogic: Twitter streams to RDF streams

•   SMOB Semantic Microblogging Framework

•   sparqlPuSH transport layer for RDF streams

•   Twarql: Twitter feeds through SPARQL

•   C-SPARQL: SPARQL for continuous querying



                       13
TwitLogic



           •   capture Twitter data

           •   translate it into RDF

           •   produce an RDF stream

           •   publish it as Linked Data

               •   preserve attribution

           •   provide real-time search




      14
@prefix sioc: <http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#> .
[...]

{
    <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/post/twitter/16810997455>
       a sioct:MicroblogPost ;
       dc:created "2010-06-23T00:43:35.000Z"^^xsd:dateTime ;
       geo:location <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/location/twitter/d0fc0f618c1eb790> ;
       sioc:content "the Karate Kids: karate vs. kung fu..." ;
       sioc:has_creator <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/user/twitter/7083182> ;
       sioc:topic
          <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/topic/2121544629>,
          <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/topic/1462827592> ;
       sioc:embeds_knowledge <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/graph/twitter/16810997455> .

    <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/graph/twitter/16810997455>
        a rdfg:Graph .

    <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/location/twitter/d0fc0f618c1eb790>
       a geonames:Feature , <http://dbpedia.org/resource/City> ;
       dc:title "Half Moon Bay, CA" ;
       geo:lat "32.528832"^^xsd:double ;
       geo:long "-124.482003"^^xsd:double ;
       rdfs:seeAlso <http://api.twitter.com/1/geo/id/d0fc0f618c1eb790.json> ;
       rdfs:label "Half Moon Bay" ;
       geonames:countryCode "US" .
}

<http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/graph/twitter/16810997455> {
   <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/topic/2121544629>
       a dbo:Film ;
       dc:title "The Karate Kid" ;
       rdfs:label "The Karate Kid (1984)" ;
       foaf:page <http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid> ;
       owl:sameAs <http://dbpedia.org/resource/The_Karate_Kid> .
   <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/topic/1462827592>
       a dbo:Film ;
       dc:title "The Karate Kid" ;
       rdfs:label "The Karate Kid (2010)" ;
       foaf:page <http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid_2010> ;
       owl:sameAs <http://dbpedia.org/resource/The_Karate_Kid_%282010_film%29> .
}



                        15
Keeping track of who said what

•   in Twitter, users own their content

    •   claim: Annotations are user content

•   when mashing up data from different users...

    •   we need to preserve statement provenance

    •   use Named Graphs with provenance vocabularies

•   copyright information preserves authors’ rights

    •   attribution metadata for each tweet

    •   TwitLogic uses Open Data Commons PDDL



                            16
Real-time, real-place semantic search
      •   Geospatial SPARQL in Allegrograph:

          •   order by distance

          •   query for points within a geospatial circle, bounding
              box, or polygon

          •   temporal reasoning

(google-map (select (?name ?lat ?lon)
   (q ?t !sioc:has_creator ?person)
   (q ?t !wgs84:location ?x)
   (q ?t !dc:created ?time)
   (temporal-within ?time "20100622T10:15:00"
                          "20100624T10:15:00")
   (geo-within-radius ?x ?y 10 miles)
   (q ?y !geo:asciiname ?name)
   (q ?y !geo:isAt5 ?pos)
   (pos->lon/lat ?pos ?lon ?lat)))




                                            17
A demo




  18
Conclusion

•   streaming structured data such as Annotations are the
    “real-time” equivalent of RDFa

    •   easy to use, *will* be used

    •   Semantic Web -compatible

•   mashups with the Semantic Web benefit:

    •   the end user (--> smarter applications)

    •   the application developer (--> less case-by-case
        development)

    •   the Semantic Web itself (--> “long tail” of real-time data)

•   this is a good time to influence Annotations formats, build
    applications

                                 19
Thanks!

•   TwitLogic

    •   http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net

•   AllegroGraph

    •   http://www.franz.com/agraph/allegrograph/

•   Contact

    •   josh@fortytwo.net, ja@franz.com

    •   @joshsh, @jansaasman, @franzinc




                             20

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Real-time Semantic Web with Twitter Annotations

  • 1. Joshua Shinavier, Jans Aasman Real-time Semantic Web with Twitter Annotations 2010 Semantic Technology Conference June 24th, 2010
  • 2. Overview • real-time social data and the Semantic Web • Twitter Annotations • vocabulary mappings for Annotations • use cases • data integration with TwitLogic • real-time, real-place Semantic search 2
  • 3. Towards real-time Semantic Web • let’s mash up the “real-time” social Web with the Semantic Web • requires rich, structured data • services such as Facebook and Twitter are beginning to supply this data • e.g. Twitter Places, Twitter Annotations 3
  • 4. Twitter Annotations • Annotations are structured data attached to a tweet • expressed in JSON or XML • constrained structure, open vocabulary • consist of “types” (like classes) and “attributes” (like properties) • coming soon! 4
  • 5. Annotations example ... "text":"the Karate Kids: karate vs. kung fu...", "annotations":[ {"movie":{ "title":"The Karate Kid", "url":"http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid/", "text":"The Karate Kid (1984)"}}, {"movie":{ "title":"The Karate Kid", "url":"http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid_2010", "text":"The Karate Kid (2010)"}}], ... 5
  • 6. Annotations are community-driven • recommended types include: • web pages, places, reviews, songs, movies, TV shows, books, products and product offerings, stocks, events... • ...but these are just a starting point • Twitter aims to borrow from RDFa, Microformats, Facebook Open Graph, AB Meta and Activitystrea.ms 6
  • 7. Annotations + Semantic Web • how do we interlink Annotations vocabularies? • how do we interlink the data? • how do we query over the data? • these are Semantic Web problems • why not: • map types into existing Semantic Web vocabularies • link Annotations resources into existing Linked Data datasets 7
  • 8. Annotations types ontologies “webpage” foaf:Document “place” geonames:Feature “review” rev:Review “song” mo:Track “movie” movie:film “tvshow” po:Series “product” gr:ActualProductOrServiceInstance “offer” gr:Offering “event” event:Event ... ... 8
  • 9. Linking into the Semantic Web ... "text":"the Karate Kids: karate vs. kung fu...", "annotations":[ {"movie":{ "title":"The Karate Kid", "url":"http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid", "text":"The Karate Kid (1984)”, "sameas":"http://dbpedia.org/resource/The_Karate_Kid"}}, {"movie":{ "title":"The Karate Kid", "url":"http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid_2010", "text":"The Karate Kid (2010)", "sameas":"http://dbpedia.org/resource/The_Karate_Kid_ %282010_film%29"}}], ... 9
  • 10. “Stream me tweets about... ...places in developing countries” PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> PREFIX owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> PREFIX sioc: <http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#> PREFIX geonames: <http://www.geonames.org/ontology#> SELECT DISTINCT ?post WHERE { ?post sioc:embeds_knowledge ?graph . ?post sioc:topic ?place . GRAPH ?graph { ?place rdf:type geonames:Feature . ?place owl:sameAs ?geoplace . } . ?geoplace geonames:inCountry ?c . ?country geonames:inCountry ?c . ?country owl:sameAs ?dbc . ?dbc rdf:type <http://dbpedia.org/class/yago/LeastDevelopedCountries> . } 10
  • 11. “Stream me tweets about... ...English-language movies starring Chinese actors” PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> PREFIX owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> PREFIX sioc: <http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#> PREFIX dbo: <http://dbpedia.org/ontology/> SELECT DISTINCT ?post WHERE { ?post sioc:embeds_knowledge ?graph . ?post sioc:topic ?movie . GRAPH ?graph { ?movie rdf:type dbo:Film . ?movie owl:sameAs ?dbmovie . } . ?dbmovie dbo:language <http://dbpedia.org/resource/English_language> . ?dbmovie dbo:starring ?actor . ?actor rdf:type <http://dbpedia.org/class/yago/ChineseActors> . } 11
  • 12. “Stream me tweets about... ...songs by artists my friends like” FOAF PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> PREFIX owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> PREFIX sioc: <http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#> PREFIX foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> SELECT DISTINCT ?post WHERE { ?post sioc:embeds_knowledge ?graph . ?post sioc:topic ?song . GRAPH ?graph { ?song rdf:type mo:Track . ?song owl:sameAs ?mbtrack . } . ?album mo:track ?mbtrack . ?artist foaf:made ?album . ?friend foaf:interest ?artist . ?me foaf:knows ?friend . } 12
  • 13. An emerging ecosystem • TwitLogic: Twitter streams to RDF streams • SMOB Semantic Microblogging Framework • sparqlPuSH transport layer for RDF streams • Twarql: Twitter feeds through SPARQL • C-SPARQL: SPARQL for continuous querying 13
  • 14. TwitLogic • capture Twitter data • translate it into RDF • produce an RDF stream • publish it as Linked Data • preserve attribution • provide real-time search 14
  • 15. @prefix sioc: <http://rdfs.org/sioc/ns#> . [...] { <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/post/twitter/16810997455> a sioct:MicroblogPost ; dc:created "2010-06-23T00:43:35.000Z"^^xsd:dateTime ; geo:location <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/location/twitter/d0fc0f618c1eb790> ; sioc:content "the Karate Kids: karate vs. kung fu..." ; sioc:has_creator <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/user/twitter/7083182> ; sioc:topic <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/topic/2121544629>, <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/topic/1462827592> ; sioc:embeds_knowledge <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/graph/twitter/16810997455> . <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/graph/twitter/16810997455> a rdfg:Graph . <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/location/twitter/d0fc0f618c1eb790> a geonames:Feature , <http://dbpedia.org/resource/City> ; dc:title "Half Moon Bay, CA" ; geo:lat "32.528832"^^xsd:double ; geo:long "-124.482003"^^xsd:double ; rdfs:seeAlso <http://api.twitter.com/1/geo/id/d0fc0f618c1eb790.json> ; rdfs:label "Half Moon Bay" ; geonames:countryCode "US" . } <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/graph/twitter/16810997455> { <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/topic/2121544629> a dbo:Film ; dc:title "The Karate Kid" ; rdfs:label "The Karate Kid (1984)" ; foaf:page <http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid> ; owl:sameAs <http://dbpedia.org/resource/The_Karate_Kid> . <http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net/topic/1462827592> a dbo:Film ; dc:title "The Karate Kid" ; rdfs:label "The Karate Kid (2010)" ; foaf:page <http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/karate_kid_2010> ; owl:sameAs <http://dbpedia.org/resource/The_Karate_Kid_%282010_film%29> . } 15
  • 16. Keeping track of who said what • in Twitter, users own their content • claim: Annotations are user content • when mashing up data from different users... • we need to preserve statement provenance • use Named Graphs with provenance vocabularies • copyright information preserves authors’ rights • attribution metadata for each tweet • TwitLogic uses Open Data Commons PDDL 16
  • 17. Real-time, real-place semantic search • Geospatial SPARQL in Allegrograph: • order by distance • query for points within a geospatial circle, bounding box, or polygon • temporal reasoning (google-map (select (?name ?lat ?lon) (q ?t !sioc:has_creator ?person) (q ?t !wgs84:location ?x) (q ?t !dc:created ?time) (temporal-within ?time "20100622T10:15:00" "20100624T10:15:00") (geo-within-radius ?x ?y 10 miles) (q ?y !geo:asciiname ?name) (q ?y !geo:isAt5 ?pos) (pos->lon/lat ?pos ?lon ?lat))) 17
  • 18. A demo 18
  • 19. Conclusion • streaming structured data such as Annotations are the “real-time” equivalent of RDFa • easy to use, *will* be used • Semantic Web -compatible • mashups with the Semantic Web benefit: • the end user (--> smarter applications) • the application developer (--> less case-by-case development) • the Semantic Web itself (--> “long tail” of real-time data) • this is a good time to influence Annotations formats, build applications 19
  • 20. Thanks! • TwitLogic • http://twitlogic.fortytwo.net • AllegroGraph • http://www.franz.com/agraph/allegrograph/ • Contact • josh@fortytwo.net, ja@franz.com • @joshsh, @jansaasman, @franzinc 20