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Journalism Scholars Day 2011 presentation

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  1. 1. journalismNEWS DESIGN 101 scholars day 2011
  2. 2. WHY DESIGN MATTERSStudies have shown that readers enter apage through the dominant photo, thenmove to headlines, cutlines/captions andother elements before reading the story.Design matters.
  3. 3. GOALS OF DESIGNDesign isn‟t just about placing stories andphotos on pages. It‟s about using thoseelements to…attract readerstell a compelling story
  4. 4. TODAY, WE‟LL…Talk a little about how you can accomplish those goals using four basic design principles.Tackle various elements (headlines, photos, etc.) and how they can improve your design.Please ask questions along the way!
  5. 5. RULES OF DESIGN“Good design” is subjective, but there arepretty standard rules to help accomplishthese goals.The best designs use — or break — therules in unexpected ways. But they stillcarefully consider the basic principles.
  7. 7. ASK YOURSELF:How would your audience best be broughtinto this particular story? How can you besttell them this story?Big photo, catchy headline and 600 words of text? Extra box or pull quote?Maybe it‟s some, all or none of those. Maybe it‟s not a “story” at all but info broken up into small parts with a map, timeline or other graphic.
  8. 8. TOP TO BOTTOM Readers typically look at a page in this pattern:Important/interesting info goes at topSomething good to start AND end on
  11. 11. GRIDS: 4, 5, OR 6 COLUMNS
  13. 13. DOMINANT ELEMENTSHierarchy is telling readers where to start— and what is most important on thepage.Elements (headlines and photos) shouldgenerally get smaller as they get fartherdown the page.
  15. 15. CONSISTENCY 4
  16. 16. DESIGN IS PERSONALITYA publication‟s design is its personality — itshapes readers‟ earliest opinions of thepaper.The reader should be able to easilyrecognize that personality. Without the frontpage, do they know what newspaperthey‟re reading?
  17. 17. CONSISTENT ELEMENTSEstablish personality by consistently:Using the same font families (no more than two)Doing bylines the same every timeHandling info boxes the sameUsing similar color palettes for graphicsKeep it simple
  18. 18. TOOLS FOR CONSISTENCYParagraph StylesLibrariesMaster pages
  20. 20. HEADLINESShort and sweet: 5-6 words or lessHeadlines must have exciting verbs and be in present tenseUse subheads/deckheads to add more information (they should be at least 10-15 points smaller)Stick to those two font families unless it‟s a really special occasion to use anotherBut don‟t sacrifice readability for beauty
  21. 21. HEADLINESHeadlines should go across the length of the storyKeep them as close to story as possible
  22. 22. HEADLINESNever „bump‟ headlinesUse rules, boxes, photos, different sizes
  23. 23. SPEAKING OF … RULESThey can effectively organize a pageThey should guide, not distract — use 0.5 point lines
  24. 24. PHOTOSMost newspapers use a 0.5 frameThe action of the photo should be toward the story — not off the pageExamples: Shooting a gun, everyone looking in a certain directionDo not EVER flip the photo to face the direction you want
  25. 25. TEXTAlignment: Ragged right typically featurey, opinion, etc.Dropcap: Big initial letter on first paragraphLeading: Two points higher than font(except for small text like body copy)
  26. 26. TEXTNeed to stretch or squeeze your copy?Use leading or kerning/trackingLeading: Kerning:Space between Space betweenlines of text characters +/-25+/-0.3
  27. 27. BREAKING UP THE GRAYPullquote/readout: Interesting quote or fact from the storyMug: „Oh, that‟s who that guy is‟Info box: By the numbers, for more information, next meetingTeaser: Box teasing to related storyLogo/Column Sig: Identifies special features with label or columnist‟s mug
  28. 28. BREAKING UP THE GRAYThe reader shouldn‟t have to jump over ? these items (or photos) to continue readingNever leave a doubt which direction to keep reading — or they won‟t
  29. 29. WHITESPACEWhite spacecan be usedvery well toprovideorganizationto a page …and bringfocus toa design
  30. 30. RESOURCESNewspaper Designer‟s Handbook > Today‟s Front PagesLook at other newspapers, magazines, yearbooks, anything and everythingWant to learn how to do something? Google it!
  31. 31. Questions? JOSH MOOREEmail me at • Design • Combined copy desks • Student free press rights • WKUI‟ll try to post this PowerPoint at