Welcome To The Presentation OnSampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana By Joshin TC MACFAST
Need for Wage Employment Programme• The percentage of rural Population Below the poverty line has been decline but its absolute number is still over 19 crore . Rural BPL population as per Expert Group is as under: Year Number (in Lakh) Percentage 1973 – 74 2612.90 56.44% 1983- 84 2519.57 45.65% 1993- 94 2440,31 37.27% 1999- 2000 1932.42 27.09%• Presently families classified as BPL have income below Rs. 19620 P.a., which is concerned minimum to maintain subsistence level.• There is need to provide additional wages employment to the rural poor during lean agricultural season.
History• Launched in 25th September, 2001 and became fully operational with respect from 1/4/2004.• The JGSY (launched in 1999) and EAS (Launched in 1993) were merged into SGRY to provide supplemental wage employment and food security through creation of need base rural infrastructure• Additional complement of food grain as essential part of wage was added to ensure food security.
Objectives• Supplementary & Additional Wage Employment.• Creation of durable community assets.• Food security.• Creating assets to Results in Sustained Employment opportunities.
Implementation• The Panchayati Raj Institutions at the District, Block and Village Level.• Sharing of resources of all the three tires of the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI) District Panchayat 20% Intermediate Panchayat 30% Gram Panchayat 50%• Each level of Panchayat is an independent unit
Criteria ofAllocation• Programme has two components a) Cash b) Food Grain• Cash is shared between the center and the state in the ratio of 75:25• Food grain are provided free of cost to the State /UTs• Resources are distributed among the state on the basis of poverty ratio• At the district level, resources are allocated on the basis of index of backwardness a) 50% weightage given to inverse of agriculture productivity b)50% to the SC/ST rural population
Contd……..• Distribution among the block within a district is done on the basis of SC/ST population and total rural population in equal weightage• Within the District, the resource are distributed among the Gram Panchayats as follows: a) 60% weightage to SC/ST population b) 40% to the total population of the gram
Permissible ActivitiesDistrict and Block level • Labour intensive work relating to a) Soil and moisture conservation. b)Minor irrigation. c) Rejuvenation and Drinking water sources. d)Augmentation of ground water. e) Traditional water harvesting structure f) Desiltation of villages tanks / ponds etc
Contd…..Gram Panchayat Level • All works that result in the creation of durable community assets can be taken up such as: a) Infrastructure support for SGSY b) Infrastructure supporting agriculture activities in panchayat c) Community infrastructure for education, health, internal and link roads etc.
Prohibited Activities• Building for religious purpose• Monuments, memorials, Statue, Idols, Arch gates/ Welcome gates• Bridges except culverts, small bridges on local ‘nalas’.• Building for Higher Secondary School.• Building for Colleges.• Black topping of roads
Strengths• Entirely managed and implemented by PRIs.• The program is self targeting in nature.• Scope for dovetailing and convergence.• Works/activities are taken up on the felt needs.• Immense potential to create asset for sustained employment opportunity.• Leverage of gathering additional resources from panchayat’s own resources through donations/contributions
Weakness• Misappropriation and diversion of funds• Irregular employment• Maintenance of data• Demand base Approach
Conclusion Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana(SGRY) scheme for the development ofemployment in the rural sector of India.Providing supplementary wage employment inthe rural sector and food security to thepopulace of the rural areas. To facilitate thecreation of self help groups To provide to thedevelopment of economic and socialinfrastructure in the rural sector