Passive vs. Active Voice

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  • This presentation was created to help seventh and eighth grade students identify the difference between active and passive voice. This presentation focuses predominantly on sentence structure, forms of verbs used, and reasons why one may choose to write a sentence using active or passive voice. My objectives are: After viewing this presentation and taking the on-line quizzes, the students will be able to identify the difference between a sentence written in passive voice form and one in active voice form. After viewing this presentation and taking the on-line quizzes, the students will be able to construct sentences in the passive and active voice form. After viewing this presentation and taking the on-line quizzes, the students will be able to state the rule of verb usage in passive and active voice sentences. After viewing this presentation and taking the on-line quizzes, the students will be able to define why one may choose to write a sentence using active or passive voice structure.
  • Passive vs. Active Voice

    1. 1. Active VoiceandPassive VoiceSentence Structurehttp://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_actpass.html
    2. 2. Sentences can be written orspoken in the active orpassive voice.
    3. 3. So, what is the differencebetween the active and passivevoice?
    4. 4. Active Voice Subject of sentencecomes before verb The subject does theactionhttp://www.mindconnection.com/library/writing/activevoice.htm
    5. 5. Passive Voice The subject comes afterthe verb The subject receivesthe actionhttp://www.eslbase.com/grammar/passive
    6. 6. Active VoiceSubject + Verb + Receiver or Direct Object
    7. 7. Active Voice(Subject)Jack London(Verb)wrote(Direct Object)To Build a Fire
    8. 8. Passive VoiceReceiver or Direct Object + Verb + Subject
    9. 9. Passive Voice(Direct Object)To Build a Fire(Verb)was written(Subject)by Jack London
    10. 10. Passive Voice Verb Form Use “to be” Linking Verbs- is, are, was ,were… Linking Verb is connected to Past Participle Verb Past Participle Verb is Transitive
    11. 11. Verb FormsSimple Present Simple Past Past Participlesee saw seenlift lifted liftedbring brought broughtgive gave givenhold held heldbreak broke broken
    12. 12. Important: Verb Understanding Transitive Verbs Express existence, action,or occurrence Have objects that receivethe action of the verbs E.g., see, lift, bring, give,hold, broke Intransitive Verbs Express existence,action, or occurrence Do not have objectsthat receive the action E.g., arrive, go, lie,sneeze, sit, diehttp://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/trnsintr.html
    13. 13. Passive Voice: Verb FormTo Build a Fire was written by Jack LondonLinking Verb(to be)Past Particle(transitive verb)
    14. 14. Why Use Active Voice?To center attention on the subjectThe author, Jack London is most important
    15. 15. Why use Passive Voice?To center attention on the objectThe book, To Build a Fire, is most important
    16. 16. More Examples!
    17. 17. Active Voice My dog ateate your cat. The students tooktook the final exam. Tom cleanscleans the kitchen everyday. Mike grewgrew tomatoes and peppers in his garden. The tutors in the English Center helphelp the students. My brother teachesteaches math at Olive Peirce MiddleSchool.
    18. 18. Passive Voice Your cat was eatenwas eaten by my dog. The final exam was takenwas taken by the students. Everyday, the kitchen is cleanedis cleaned by Tom. Tomatoes and peppers were grownwere grown by Mike in his garden. The students are helpedare helped by the tutors in the EnglishCenter. Math is taughtis taught by my brother at Olive Peirce MiddleSchool.
    19. 19. For fun, a few active and passive voice quizzes! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3

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