Architects Of St


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Architects Of St

  1. 1. The European Architects of St. Petersburg By Joshua Wood
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>St. Petersburg founded by Tsar Peter I in 1703. </li></ul><ul><li>It was founded on the Neva River, and was modeled after European urbanization and architecture as a sign of Peter’s attempts at modernization. </li></ul><ul><li>The city was also founded partly to serve as an outpost against the Swedes during the Northern War. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter sought out European architects and other artisans to build his new city based on the European model. Swiss architects from Ticino came and built the city over several decades. These architects’ families would become well known in St. Petersburg, and would bring a new culture and way of life at Peter’s request. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Domenico Adamini <ul><li>Arrives in St. Petersburg in 1816 and begins work on the palace of Grand Duke Nicolas, and reconstruction of the Winter Palace. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1825 he is given the award of St. Anna for his contribution to the construction of the new city. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Carlo Rossi <ul><li>After travelling in Europe and Russia, he comes to St. Petersburg in 1812 and is appointed chief architect of the court. </li></ul><ul><li>His works include Glazovo Estate, the Anchikov Palace, and the Yelagin Palace. </li></ul>Anchikov Palace
  5. 5. Marco Ruggia <ul><li>In 1787 he begins work on the stock exchange at the imperial court Zarenhof. </li></ul><ul><li>He continues working in St. Petersburg and eventually becomes court architect in 1820. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pietro Antonio Trezzini <ul><li>Trezzini arrives in St. Petersburg in 1726 and works on the interior of the twelve colleges. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1743 he works on reconstructing the Transfiguration Cathedral. In 1745 under orders of Empress Elizabeth I, he bases the Cathedral off of Moscow’s five domed churches. </li></ul>Transfiguration Cathedral
  7. 7. Domenico Trezzini <ul><li>The father of Pietro Trezzini, he reaches St. Petersburg in 1704. By 1706 he is appointed head architect of the Office of Defense and Construction. At this point he begins work on the Peter and Paul Fortress. </li></ul><ul><li>He builds Peter’s Winter and Summer Palaces, and would jointly design the Twelve Colleges. </li></ul>Peter and Paul Fortress
  8. 8. Conclusion <ul><li>During Peter’s reign, extraordinary changes were imposed on Russia as a whole in an attempt to modernize the country. This Europeanization of the country can perhaps best be seen in the construction of the city of St. Petersburg. This city is a living testament to the cultural change brought to Russia from the west. It is through the European architects that planned and built the city that we see the cultural link behind the modernization of parts of this vast nation. </li></ul>