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HIV~ (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) The virus compromises the body’s ability to handle disease and causes AIDS. AIDS~ (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) It is related to HIV, but they are not one in the same. A person has AIDS only in the final stages of HIV, after the immune system becomes unable to defend itself against foreign invaders like bacteria, other viruses, and allows the development of certain cancers.
STATISTICS • Since 1981 1.7 million people in the U.S. are estimated to have been infected with HIV. • 1 in 5 of those infected are unaware. • MSM (Men who have sex with men ) accounted for 61% of all new HIV infections in the U.S. in 2009. • Over 619,000 with HIV have already died since the epidemic began.
•The world first became aware of AIDS in theearly 1980’s.• Researchers aren’t sure exactly when and howHIV developed.• The most likely theories assume that HIV-1was transmitted to humans from chimpanzeessometime in the early 20th century.
When HIV emerges from latency (the periodwhen someone with HIV shows no signs of it)symptoms can include:Dry, flaky skin (Xeroderma)Chronic fatigueFever that comes and goes (Pyrexia)Diarrhea that lasts more than a weekHeavy night sweats (Hyperhidrosis)Rapid weight lossSwollen lymph nodesWhite spots on tongue, mouth & throat
To be tested for HIV you usually give a sample of blood, urine or a swab offluids from your mouth.It is recommended that if you are sexually active or have multiple partners youshould be tested every 6 months.
There is no cure for HIV. Antiretroviral therapy can reduce the presence of thevirus in the body, but can not eliminate it.
The prognosis for thosewith HIV is improvingwith the development ofantiretroviral drugs thathelp reduce the amountof HIV in the blood to an“undetectable viral load”
•To prevent HIV transmission during sex you need to use acondom.• HIV can be spread through vaginal, anal or oral sex.•Open sores from STDs like herpes & syphilis providegateways for HIV to enter the body.• Gonorrhea & Chlamydia may weaken the skin & mucousbarriers that help prevent infection.•If you inject drugs, use a new sterile needle each time tosignificantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission.
HIV is not airborne andcannot be caught bytouching skin, sweat orsaliva.You cannot get HIV byholding hands or sharingdrinks.Mosquitos do not injectother peoples blood whenthey bite and so can’tspread HIV.