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Information Leaks and New Media

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Information Leaks and New Media

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Information Leaks and New Media

  1. 1. I N F O L E A K S A N D N E W M E D I A C H . 1 3 M E D I A C O N T E N T
  2. 2. C H . 1 3 M E D I A C O N T E N T • McQuail sees that mass media are generally oriented in the interests of their audiences • Should reflect or embody free expression, despite internal pressures
  3. 3. H O W W I K I L E A K S B E A T M A I N S T R E A M M E D I A T O D D G I T L I N W H Y D I D T H E B I G G E S T L E A K I N G O V T . H I S T OR Y G O T O A N O B S C U R E W E B S I T E ?
  4. 4. T O D D G I T L I N A U T H O R •American sociologist, political writer, novelist and comm •Professor and chair of the Ph.d program in Communic H O W W I K I L E A K S B E A T T H E M A I N S T R E A M M E D I A
  5. 5. G I T L E N ' S Q U E S T I O N • Why are whistleblowers turning over sensitive information not to an established institution of journalism but to an independent website?
  6. 6. F A M O U S L E A K S
  7. 7. P E N T A G O N P A P E R S - 1 9 6 7 • United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political- military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967. • Papers released/leak by Daniel Ellsberg
  8. 8. W A T E R G A T E - 1 9 7 2 Watergate scandals by 2 Washington Post Reporters - Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein - they were stars of journalism world - not because of their institution because of their reputation to be smart, dogged and indefatigable, skeptical.
  9. 9. I N V I E T N A M - W A S T H E V I E T N A M W A R M A S S K I L L I N G O F B E T W E E N 3 4 7 A N D 5 0 4 5 0 4 U N A R M E D C I V I L I A N S I N S O U T H V I E T N A M M Y L A I M A S S A C R E - 1 9 7 2
  10. 10. W I K I L E A K S - 2 0 1 0 Julian Assange - Wikileaks - editor- in-chief of the website WikiLeaks, which he co-founded in 2006 after an earlier career in hackingand programming.
  11. 11. WIKI LEAKS- 2010 Chelsea (formerly Bradley) Manning - United States Army soldier who was convicted in July 2013 of violations of the Espionage Act and other offenses, after releasing the largest set of classified documents ever leaked to the public.
  12. 12. G L O B A L S S U R V E I L L A N C E P R O G R A M S - 2 0 1 3 E D W A R D S N O W D E N Seen as the reassertion of the power of elite news organizations. Noted that many U.S. News outlets after 9/11 were bli Was treated with respect as a credible source
  13. 13. ~3 YEARS APART agon leak and Private Manning’s, but only a few years sepa 2013 2010
  14. 14. G L I T I N S A R G U M E N T • Big secrets, big leaks, big databases • Parajournalism - news reportage that strongly reflects the point of view of the writer or editor • Legal jeopardy and competitive forces • Outsider to insider journalism • Whistleblowers have more outlets than ever before • Cross board journalism collaboration • Parajournalism is left to outsiders like WikiLeaks, due to mainstream being to busy, stodgy and too slow.
  15. 15. 5
  16. 16. D O Y O U T H I N K T H A T N O N - E L I T E I N S T I T U T I O N S A R E C A P A B L E O F R E P O R T I N G C O M P L E X S T O R I E S O R L E A K S ? Q U E S T I O N
  17. 17. B O U N D A R Y - D R A W I N G P O W E R A N D T H E R E N E W A L O F P R O F E S S I O N A L N E W S O R G A N I Z A T I O N S : T H E C A S E O F T H E G U A R D I A N A N D T H E E D W A R D S N O W D E N N A T I O N S E C U R I T Y A G E N C Y L E A K . C H A D W I C K & C O L L I S T E R
  18. 18. M E D I A & I N T E R N E T P O L I T I C S M A S T E R S - G O V E R N M E N T P H D - G O V E R N M E N T J O U R N A L S : P O L I T I C A L S T U D I E S , G O V E R N A N C E , P O L I T I C A L C O M M U N I C A T I O N , T H E I N T E R N A T I O N A L J O U R N A L O F P R E S S / P O L I T I C S , P A R L I A M E N T A R Y A F F A I R S , T H E J O U R N A L O F P O L I T I C A L I D E O L O G I E S , I N F O R M A T I O N , C O M M U N I C A T I O N A N D S O C I E T Y , A N D T H E J O U R N A L O F I N F O R M A T I O N T E C H N O L O G Y A N D P O L I T I C S . A N D R E W C H A D W I C K
  19. 19. S E N I O R L E C T U R E R A T L O N D O N C O L L E G E O F C O M M U N I C A T I O N S P H D S T U D E N T H E L P S C L I E N T S I N N O V A T E , R E S T R U C T U R E A N D O P T I M I S E T H E I R C O M M U N I C A T I O N S A N D M A R K E T I N G F U N C T I O N S A N D A C T I V I T I E S S I M O N C O L L I S T E R
  20. 20. W I K I L E A K S T O S N O W D E N L E A K • Wikileaks is part of a new networked fourth estate vs. the elite news organizations • Professional journalists, WikiLeaks, and networks of online activists should be seen as a new, hybrid media system • Snowden: there is still room for professional journalisms in this hybrid system to exert their expertise
  21. 21. B O U N D A R Y D R A W I N G P O W E R • Emerges when news organizations quickly discover new ways to translate old media logics for which they have control. • For Snowden - it looks like this: • Professional investigative experience • legal expertise of prof. lawyers • crafting of story for max news value • personal narratives for human interest angle • attention to detail in timing the release of new stories for max impact on political actors and competitor media outlets • exploration of connections with political actors • Strategically aligning and allocating resources
  22. 22. S T R A T E G Y T H E G U A R D I A N •WiliLeaks processes and procedures were embedded in the news room •Glenn Greenwald - a former salon.com blogger (outsider) hired full-time by Guardian (insider) •Manages Snowden as source •Drew boundaries between Snowden as he searched for asylum •Click bait - Snowden girlfriend as distraction and grainy images of him on airplane
  23. 23. S T R A T E G Y C O N T . •Written for print as they were online consumption - social media •#NSAFiles & #AskSnowden •Live blogging or live web chat •exclusive access
  24. 24. S U M M A R Y • Practices reveal how professional news orgs have developed strategies for augmenting traditional strengths and combining them with the hybrid model • New orgs can adapt and translate their power to challenge state power • “Adaptive professional news organizations will not be hollowed out”
  25. 25. I F Y O U H A D S E N S I T I V E I N F O R M A T I O N T H A T Y O U H A D T O S H A R E , W H E R E W O U L D Y O U S E N D O R R E P O R T T H E S T O R Y ? Q U E S T I O N ? Where? & Why?

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