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Philippine Literature: The Contemporary Period

The Contemporary Period of the Philippines Literature

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PHILIPPINE LITERATURE
THE CONTEMPORARY PERIOD
THE REBIRTH OF FREEDOM (1946-1970)
• The Americans returned in 1945. Filipinos
rejoiced and guerillas who fled to the mountain
joined the liberating American Army.
• On July 4, 1946, the Philippines regained is
freedom and the Filipino flag waved joyously
alone. The chains were broken.
THE STATE OF LITERATURE DURING THIS PERIOD
• The early post-liberation period was marked by a
kind of “struggle of mind and spirit” posed by the
sudden emancipation from the enemy, and the
wild desire to see print.
• 1. HEART OF THE ISLANDS (1947) –a collection of poems by Manuel Viray
• 2. PHILIPPINES CROSS SECTION (1950) –a collection of prose and poetry by Maximo
Ramos and Florentino Valeros
• 3. PROSE AND POEMS (1952) –by Nick Joaquin
• 4. PHILIPPINE WRITING (1953) –by T.D. Agcaoili
• 5. PHILIPPINE HAVEST –by Amador Daguio
• 6. HORIZONS LEAST (1967) –a collection of works by the professors of UE, mostly in
English (short stories, essays, research papers, poem and drama) by Artemio Patacsil
and Silverio Baltazar
The themes of most poems dealt with the usual love of nature, and of social and political
problems. Toribia Maño’s poems showed deep emotional intensity.
• 7. WHO SPOKE OF COURAGE IN HIS SLEEP –by NVM Gonzales
• 8. SPEAK NOT, SPEAK ALSO –by Conrado V. Pedroche
• 9. Other poets were Toribia Maño and Edith L. Tiempo, Jose Garcia Villa’s HAVE COME,
AM HERE won acclaim both here and abroad
THE NEW FILIPINO LITERATURE DURING THIS PERIOD
• Philippines literature in Tagalog was revived during this
period. Most themes in the writings dealt with Japanese
brutalities, of the poverty of life under the Japanese
government and the brave guerilla exploits.
PERIOD OF ACTIVISM (1970-1972)
• Many young people became activists to ask for
changes in the government. In the expression of
this desire for change, keen were the writings of
some youth who were fired with nationalism in
order to emphasize the importance of their
petitions.

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Philippine Literature: The Contemporary Period

  • 2. THE REBIRTH OF FREEDOM (1946-1970) • The Americans returned in 1945. Filipinos rejoiced and guerillas who fled to the mountain joined the liberating American Army. • On July 4, 1946, the Philippines regained is freedom and the Filipino flag waved joyously alone. The chains were broken.
  • 3. THE STATE OF LITERATURE DURING THIS PERIOD • The early post-liberation period was marked by a kind of “struggle of mind and spirit” posed by the sudden emancipation from the enemy, and the wild desire to see print.
  • 4. • 1. HEART OF THE ISLANDS (1947) –a collection of poems by Manuel Viray • 2. PHILIPPINES CROSS SECTION (1950) –a collection of prose and poetry by Maximo Ramos and Florentino Valeros • 3. PROSE AND POEMS (1952) –by Nick Joaquin • 4. PHILIPPINE WRITING (1953) –by T.D. Agcaoili • 5. PHILIPPINE HAVEST –by Amador Daguio • 6. HORIZONS LEAST (1967) –a collection of works by the professors of UE, mostly in English (short stories, essays, research papers, poem and drama) by Artemio Patacsil and Silverio Baltazar The themes of most poems dealt with the usual love of nature, and of social and political problems. Toribia Maño’s poems showed deep emotional intensity. • 7. WHO SPOKE OF COURAGE IN HIS SLEEP –by NVM Gonzales • 8. SPEAK NOT, SPEAK ALSO –by Conrado V. Pedroche • 9. Other poets were Toribia Maño and Edith L. Tiempo, Jose Garcia Villa’s HAVE COME, AM HERE won acclaim both here and abroad
  • 5. THE NEW FILIPINO LITERATURE DURING THIS PERIOD • Philippines literature in Tagalog was revived during this period. Most themes in the writings dealt with Japanese brutalities, of the poverty of life under the Japanese government and the brave guerilla exploits.
  • 6. PERIOD OF ACTIVISM (1970-1972) • Many young people became activists to ask for changes in the government. In the expression of this desire for change, keen were the writings of some youth who were fired with nationalism in order to emphasize the importance of their petitions.
  • 7. THE LITERARY REVOLUTION • The youth became completely rebellious during this period. This was proven not only in the bloody demonstrations and in the sidewalk expressions but also in literature. Campus newspapers showed rebellious emotions. The once aristocratic writers developed awareness for society. They held pens and wrote on placards in red paint the equivalent of the word MAKIBAKA (To dare!).
  • 8. WRITING DURING THE PERIOD OF ACTIVISM • The irreverence for the poor reached its peak during this period of the mass revolution. It was also during this period that Bomba films that discredit our ways as Filipinos started to come out.
  • 9. PALANCA AWARDEES FOR LITERATURE IN ENGLISH • Established in 1950, the Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature had been giving cash prizes for short story, poetry and one-act play writing as an incentive to Filipino writers. The prizes come from La Tondena, Inc., the firm founded by the late Carlos Palanca Sr.
  • 10. PERIOD OF THE NEW SOCIETY (1972-1980) • The period of the New Society started on September 21, 1972. The Carlos Palanca Awards continued to give annual awards. • Almost all themes in most writings dealt with the development or progress of the country –like the Green Revolution, family planning, proper nutrition, environment, drug addiction and pollution. The New Society tried to stop pornography or those writings giving bad influences on the morals of the people. All school newspapers were temporarily stopped and so with school organizations.
  • 11. FILIPINO POETRY DURING THE PERIOD OF THE NEW SOCIETY • Themes of most poems dealt with patience, regard for native culture, customs and the beauties of nature and surroundings.
  • 12. THE PLAY UNDER THE NEW SOCIETY • The government led in reviving old plays and dramas, like the Tagalog Zarzuela, Cenaculo and the Embayoka of the Muslims which were presented in the rebuilt Metropolitan Theater, the Folk Arts Theater and the Cultural Center of the Philippines.
  • 13. RADIO AND TELEVISION • Radio continued to be patronized during this period. The play series like SI MATAR, DAHLIA, ITO AND PALAD KO, and MR. LONELY were the forms of recreation of those without television
  • 14. FILIPINO FILMS • A yearly Pista ng mga Pelikulng Pilipino (Yearly Filipino Film Festival) was held during this time. During the festival which lasted usually for a month, only Filipino films were shown in all theaters in Metro Manila. 1. MAYNILA…SA MGA KUKO NG LIWANAG written by Edgardo Reyes and filmed under the direction of Lino Brocka. Bembol Roco was the lead role. 2. MINSA’Y ISANG GAMU-GAMO; Nora Aunor was the principal performer here. 3. GANITO KAMI NOO…PAANO KAYO NGAYON: led by Christopher de Leon and Gloria Diaz. 4. INSIANG: by Hilda Koronel 5. AGUILA: led by Fernando Poe Jr., Jay Ilagan and Christopher de Leon
  • 15. COMICS, MAGAZINES AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS • During this period of the New Society, newspapers donned new forms. News on economic progress, discipline, culture, tourism and the like were favored more than the sensationalized reporting of killings, rape and robberies.
  • 16. OVERVIEW OF THE LITERATUE DURING THE NEW SOCIETY • Bilingual education which was initiated by the Board of National Education as early as 1958 and continued up to the period of Martial Rule in September 21, 1972, resulted in the deterioration of English in the different levels of education. The focus of education and culture was on problems of national identity, on re-orientation, renewed vigor and a firm resolves to carry out plans and programs.
  • 17. PERIOD OF THE THIRD REPUBLIC (1981-1985) • After ten years of military rule and some changes in the life of the Filipino which started under the New Society, Martial Rule was at last lifted on January 2, 1981.
  • 18. FILIPINO POETRY • Poems during this period of the Third Republic were romantic and revolutionary. Writers wrote openly of their criticism against the government. The supplications of the people were coached in fiery, colorful, violent, profane and insulting language.
  • 19. FILIPINO SONGS • Many Filipino songs dealt with themes that were really true-to-life like those of grief, poverty, aspirations for freedom, love of God, of country and of fellowmen.
  • 20. PHILIPPINE FILMS DURING THE PERIOD • The yearly Festival of Filipino Films continued to be held during this period. The people’s love for sex films also was unabated.
  • 21. PERIODS (1986-1999) • History took another twist. Once more, the Filipino people regained their independence which they lost twenty years ago. • In the span of four days form February 21-25, 1986, the so-called People Power (Lakas ng Bayan) prevailed. Together, the people barricaded the streets petitioning the government for changes and reforms.
  • 22. ON NEWSPAPERS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS • Newspapers which were once branded crony newspapers became instant opposition papers overnight. This was true of BULLETIN TODAY which became the opposition paper.
  • 23. ON BOOKS • The Philippine revolution of 1986 and the fire of its spirit that will carry the Filipinos through another epoch in Philippine history is still being documented just as they have been in the countless millions who participated in body and spirit in its realization.